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the origin of the word is general in the old high German: lêrari, in the medium high German: lêrære, more lêrer and in the gothical: laisareis.
One must differentiate thereby between professors, who arrange the teachings in their field of activity, oriented at their research results, the scientific coworkers (the scientific central tract), who with respect to arrangement with the chair teaches, teachers with respect to the university service, the special tasks usually in connection with the schools to have and persons with training order, who notice likewise special tasks in the theory at the chair.
teacher outside of school and university
is not there the term as job title protected (like e.g. Engineer), he is used whenever it concerns organized passing on from knowledge and talents. (e.g. Drive teacher, Meditations teacher). This activity can to a “school” (e.g. Driving school) attached its, in addition, perfectly independently of it to be used. In the sport the terms teachers and coaches are not always clearly from each other defined.
generally become among teachers: School teachers understood, thus persons, who inform at public and private schools. In addition, in Austria and Switzerland teachers at resuming schools are called professor.
In other countries further terms are used. This also still varies depending upon age of the informed pupils or according to the special task.
With respect to Germany and designates one differentiates teachers depending upon school form (e.g. Main school teacher), after paying stage (e.g. Upper secondary school teacher) and after Fakulten (training capabilities) (e.g. Music teacher). Depending upon school form differ the training duration, paying, the number of Fakulten which can be shown and the vocational opportunities for advancement.
From it to be refrained all school teachers in the Lands of the Federal Republic from a Ministry - depending upon Land of the Federal Republic differently designated (e.g. Ministry for education and cultural) - administered and have therefore in the principle comparable training, conditions of work and employment. Teachers at national schools in the FRG are officials nearly throughout.
German education system, Mannheimer educational system, educational system of the GDR, educational system in Austria, Swiss educational system, educational system in the united Kingdom of, educational system in Nauru, Swedish education system, Finnish education system, French educational system, US-American educational system, educational system of Liechtenstein, educational system of New Zealand, Netherlands educational system,
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- of the teachers in the area of conflict between free and obligated acting
paper Swiss of the paedagogue Arthur Brühlmeier