|Town center OF Leicester|
|status|| Unitary Authority|
town center (1919)
|region||East of avoiding country|
|surface||73.32 km ²|
|population||285,100 (2004, approx.)|
Leicester [ˈlɛstə] is a city in English avoiding country at the river the Soar. It is traditionally the administrative seat of the county Leicestershire and is because of the edge national of the Forest.
Table of contents
To the Hauptindustrien Leicesters belong today the production of food, Trikotagen, shoes, cord goods and machines. In addition there are to electronic industry, printering and plastic processing enterprises.
In Leicester there is two universities, the University OF Leicester (gegr. 1952) and De Montfort University (gegr. 1992) and the anglikanische Leicester Cathedral.
The city centre is mainly in the viktorianischen style delighted, later buildings inserts itself quite well. The heart of the city center is the clock tower, which stands at the crossing of five roads leading into the city. Today two of these roads are pedestrian precincts. In the proximity is Leicester Market, the largest considered market of Europe.
The historical core of the city lies a little west of the center. Here Leicester Castle, the cathedral, are the church pc. Mary de Castro and the Jewry barrier.
Leicester is one of the oldest cities of England; their history hands back almost 2,000 years. The city became 50 v. Chr. of the Romans as military settlement based. These called the Romans Ratae Coritanorum; the name is derived from the Corieltauvi, a celtic trunk, which lived before the Romans in this area. Ratae Coritanorum became an important commercial and military center and one of the largest places in the Roman Britannien.
As the Romans Britannien in 5. Century left, the place large part one left, later however of the Saxonia one again-settled. A part of the Roman road system is to be still seen today.
It is accepted that the name “Leicester” from the words castra (camp - camps) the Ligore - inhabitant at the river “Legro” (the earlier name of the Soar) was educated -. In 8. Century is mentioned the place as Legro Ceaster. Three centuries later it is registered in the Domesday Book than Ledecestre. This name developed in the course of the time to the heuten Leicester.
In 9. Century was occupied the city by the Danish Wikingern. It became one of the five boroughs (fastened cities) in Dane-lay. The bishop von Leicester fled after Dorchester on Thames and Leicester had to in 20. Century no Diözese.
In the Middle Ages Leicester had arrived at some meaning. In the Domesday Book it as “civitas” (city) one registers (town center) - Leicester lost the city status however in the 11. Century in the struggle for power between the church and the aristocracy. Only 1919 was again awarded Leicester municipal rights.
With the building of the Grand union Canal into the 1790er years, by which Leicester was connected with London and Birmingham, a fast industrialization began. Mainly Trikotagen and shoes were produced - in 20. Century predominantly machines.
With the opening of the Leicester and Swannington Railway the railway reaches 1832 Leicester. 1840 were connected the city by the avoiding country Counties Railway with the national Eisenbahnnetz - this brought a further thrust for industrielle growth. Since 1900 the Great cent ral Railway offered an alternative rail connection to London - the distance was shut down 1966.
The Borough Leicester grew during 19. Century; 1892 took it the places Belgrave, Aylestone and North Evington in addition. Leicester became the County Borough - these were abolished 1972 again and Leicester became a district of Leicestershire. 1997 became it the Unitary Authority and thus a regional administrative body independent of Leicestershire. The city belongs only to purposes of the lord Lieutenancy to to ceremonies the county Leicestershire.
In the decades after the Second World War a great many immigrants from the Indian Subkontinent pulled to Leicester; into the earlier 1970er years came besides many humans from Uganda. The immigrants make approx. 40% of the population Leicesters out thereby are the city one the ethnical most varied in the united kingdom. Leicester is regarded today frequently as Model for tolerance, although the neofaschischte national front could register high voice portions into the 1970er years. It is expected that Leicester will have a non-white population majority until 2012 as the first of the large English cities.
the Haymarket theatres the Phoenix
- belong to culture to
- the culture places kind center
- De Montfort resound.
the soccer association Leicester town center F.C belong to sport to the most well-known sport associations., furthermore that Rugby - club Leicester of tiger, the basketball team Leicester Riders and the Leicestershire County Cricket club. In Leicester the British and world championships in the course wheel driving took place . Leicester is regarded occasionally (at least of its inhabitants) as sport capital of the united kingdom.
places and objects of interest
of places: Aylestone, brown clay/tone, Evington, Knighton, Humberstone, Stoneygate
park: Leicester Botanic Gardens, Abbey park, Victoria park, Gorse Hill town center farm
industry: Abbey Pumping station, national space Centre
historical buildings: To Belgrave resound, Jewry barrier
of sons and daughters of the city
- Julian Barnes, British writer
- Henry walter Bates, English biologist
- Graham Chapman, British actor and writer
- John Deacon, bassist and composer the skirt volumes Queen
- Stephen Frears, British film director
- Bob Gerard, British running driver
- David Icke, former football player, popular sport correspondent and press speaker of the British Greens
- Dominic Keating, British actor
- Gary Lineker, English football player
- Jon lord, British musician
- Beryl Markham, British Flugpionierin
- Joseph Merrick, became in the Viktoriani age as an elephant human being admits
- Parminder Nagra, a British actress
- Joe Orton, British dramatist
- John Edwin Sandys, classical scholar
- Peter Shilton, English football player
- Charles Percy Snow, English Scientist and writer
- Roger Williamson, British formula 1-Rennfahrer
- Colin Wilson, British writer
partnerships between cities
Leicester maintain partnerships between cities with
coordinates: 52° 38 ' 24 " N, 1° 07 ' 48 " W