Lemberg

of these articles acts of the city Lemberg in the Ukraine. Other meanings see Lemberg (term clarifying).
Lemberg/Lwiw
Wappen Lemberg/Lwiw
base data
Oblast/area: Oblast Lemberg
Rajon: Circle-free city
height: 296 m and. NN
surface: 171.0 km ²
Inhabitant: 758.900 (1. January 2004)
Population density: 4,438 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 79000-490
preselections: + 380 (0) 322
city arrangement: 8 Rajone, 1 city, 2 S.s.T.
City administration
address: pl. Rynok 1
79000 M. Lviv
telephone / Fax: 2975-900/74-22-39
E-Mail:
Web page:

Lemberg (Ukrainian Львів, transliterates Lwiw, translit. L'viv, Polish Lwów, Russian Львов/Lwow, litauisch Lvovas, again-Latin Leopolis, Hungarian Ilyvó, French Léopol, Czech Lvov, Ľvov , jiddisch Lemberig , Lemberyk or Lemberek ) a city is slowakisch in the western Ukraine (Galizien, Oblast Lwiw). It is to about 80 km because of the river Poltwa, far away from the border to Poland. It is the most important city of the ukrainischsprachigen Westukraine. Some Westukrainer, which sees itself in relation to to a large extent russischsprachigen population in the Ostukraine as the actual Ukrainer, calls it even „the secret capital of the Ukraine “. Lemberg are subordinate to the city administration still beside the citythe city Wynnyky (Ukrainian Винники) and the two settlements of urban type Brjuchowytschi (Ukrainian Брюховичі) and Rudne (Ukrainian Рудне). The old part of town is on the list of the UNESCO Weltkulturerbes .

Lemberg is since very long timecoined/shaped by living together several peoples. To in 20. Century gave it apart from the Polish population majority a large portion of Jewish, Ukrainian, German and even Armenian population, today lives in the city beside (almost exclusively) Ukrainern also Russians, to white Russians and Poland.

Table of contents

history

Blick über die Stadt
view over the city
main station of the city (built 1903)

Lemberg divides to a large extent historythe Ukraine and/or. 1250 the old-Russian

prince Danilo Romanovič in the place of the today's Lemberg a castle for its son Lew established Galiziens/Poland. From this Lew (Russian lion) the city has its name. Also in the coat of arms andinto numerous stone sculptures of the city the lion always dips. After the destruction of the Kiewer of realm by the Mongols fell its western areas, among them Lemberg, 1340/1349 at Poland. 1356 received the city from the Polish king Kasimirthe large one municipal rights, 1387, after a short Hungarian Intermezzo, it came Poland. From 1569 to 1772 Lemberg was capital of the Polish Woiwodschaft Ruthenia, an administrative unit of the Polish Litaui community (aristocracy republic). Inthe early modern times developed the place soon to an important commercial centre, as well as beside Krakau, floats and Warsaw to a center of Polish culture and spirit life in the Ukrainian sprachigen surrounding countryside. 1772 fell the city with the Polish division to have-castle-reach. Lemberg became in such a way capital of the Kingdom of Galizien and Lodomerien and fourth largest city in have-castle-reaches.

The 1661 of Johann II. Kasimir created University of Lemberg is the oldest in the today's Ukraine.

After that 1. World war fell after Lemberg partial violentFights between Poland and Ukrainern Poland back. The city became to 21. /22. November 1918 of Polish troops occupies. With a Pogrom, of 22. up to 24. November persisted, killed Polish soldiers as well as Milizionäre and civilians between800 and 1100 Jews. The Jews their up to then neutral attitude in the conflict between Poland and Ukrainer was accused. The massacre ended, after representatives of the Jewish community had assured to hold in the future to Poland. The act of violence shook tothere quite harmonious living together of the different groups of peoples and religions in Lemberg lastingly.

The city had at that time 361,000 inhabitants, most of it Poland, a third Jew, in addition German and Armenian. In the intermediate war years Lemberg remained both a center of Polish culture andalso a focus of Ukrainian national feeling. In the years 1939 to 1941 it was integrated after the assault of the Soviet Union on Poland into the Sowjetukraine, 1941 became it by Hitler's assault on the Soviet Union part of the German Generalgouvernements. More largelyPart the Jewish population one destroyed, among other things in the urban KZ Janowska. The city came finally 1945 again under Soviet rule. Most here and in the environment resident Poland were driven out, a part of the population became in Niederschlesien afterdriving the there living Germans out settled. Since 1991 are it part of the independent Ukraine, but go out again and again autonomousistic efforts of the region Galizien , not least, because one remembers Lemberg as capital of its own kingdom.

objects of interest

  • latin cathedral Mariae Ascension Day
  • ehem. Stavropihija church passing away Mariens (Paolo Romano, 16. Jh.)
  • Armenian cathedral passing away Mariens (14. Jh.)
  • ehem. Dominikanerkirche corpus Christi (January de Witte, 18. Jh.)
  • ehem. St. Bernard church pc. Andreas
  • griech. - kath. Pc. - George cathedral (Berne pool of broadcasting corporations Meretyn, 1744-1776)
  • Community centres at the Rinkplatz/pl. Rynok (16. - 18. Jh.)
  • city hall (19. Jh.)
  • Ukrainian national museum Lemberg (large icon collection)
  • high Schlossberg/Visokyj Zamok, ruins of the castle king Daniels

economics

traffic

for the ÖPNV of the city stand the Lemberger streetcar and Obusse for the order, as well as the private-economically operated Marschrutki (collecting taxi).

culture

the largest Ukrainian book fair, the Lemberger book forum, takes place annually in Lemberg.

partnerships between cities

typical old part of town scene, вул. БратiвРогатинцiв, 2005


the Lemberger opera house


personalities

A

Irene Abendroth
Władysław differently
Stefan Askenase

B

Stefan Banach
Siegfried Berne field
Tadeusz Bór Komorowski
Wojciech Bogusławski
Stefan Bryła
Martin Buber

D

Ljubko Deresch
Franz Doppler
Karl Doppler

F

Walenty folds
Ludwik mark
Alexander Ford
Lucja Frey

G

Kazimierz Górski

H

Adam Hanuszkiewicz
Ljubomyr Hussar
Daniel Hrzak

I

Wassyl Iwantschuk

J

Grigori Alexejewitsch Jawlinski
Marian Jaworski

K

Wojciech Kilar
Maria Konopnicka
Jacek Kuroń

L

Stanisław Jerzy Lec
Stanisław Lem
Stanislaus I. Leszczynski
Alfred James Lotka
Ignacy Łukasiewicz
January Łukasiewicz
Arnold Luschin
Ruslana Lyschytschko

M

Alexandra Marinina
Ludwig of bad
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart

M continuation.

Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations of bad
Ignacy Mościcki

O

Janusz Onyszkiewicz
Szymon Okolski

P

Wojciech Pszoniak

R

Alfred Redl
Oleg Romanischin
Jakob rose field
Moriz Rosenthal

S

Leopold of Sacher Masoch
Michał Socha

U

Stanisław Ulam

W

Friedrich Weinreb
Andrei Wolokitin

Z

Andrzej Zulawski

see also: List of the archbishops of Lemberg, listthe large archbishops of Lemberg

Banner des Lemberger Landes in der Schlacht von Grunwald (Tannenberg) 1410
banner of the Lemberger of country in the battle of green forest (fir mountain) 1410
Wojewodschaft Lwowskie, 1918-1939, Poland

coat of arms

the coat of arms of the city is a lion, but not any lion - it is infriendly lion, which laughs. In the city it gives over 5.000 of such lions.

Web on the left of


coordinates: 49° 50 ' N, 24° 0 ' O

 

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