Leonid stone

Leonid stone (Russian ЛеонидЗахаровичШтейн, wiss. Transliteration Leonid Zacharovič Štejn; * 12. November 1934 in Kamenets Podolski/Ukraine; † 4. July 1973 in Moscow) was an important Soviet large master in chess.

Stone succeeded it during its military service to make attentive on its chess ability. It triumphed 1955 and 1956 (more divided in each case 1. and 2. Place) with the championships of the Red Army. Up to the end of the 50's it succeeded to it to be established among the best players of the Ukraine but came its break-through only in the year 1961 - and this very surprisingly -, as it with its first participation in a USSR championship the 3. and 4. Place divided and for the interzone tournament into Stockholm qualified themselves.

In Stockholm 1962 (after this tournament stone kept the large master title lent) it arrived on the divided 6. and 7. Rank, which actually equaled a qualification for the candidate tournament, but had accordingly changed the FIDE before because of the supremacy of the Soviet players the Qualifikationsregularien that only a certain contingent at players of a country could itself qualify. Stone would be the sixth Soviet citizen, who would have qualified itself for the candidate tournament, therefore let the FIDE the nächstplatzierten Benkö from the USA play.

In this regard stone may be regarded as one expressed tragic shape of modern chess, because it happened to it also with the interzone tournament 1964 in Amsterdam, with which it became fifth that it it nachplatzierten players (Ivkov and Portisch) because of mentioned paragraph to before-let had.

With the interzone tournament of Sousse 1967 it divided place 6 to 8. It had to be ausgepielt a Playoff of the three players on this rank, in order to be able to assign the last place for the candidate fights. Stone played with Reshevsky and stronghold 1968 into of Los Angeles a three-tournament. Lying in the last round in guidance, he was subject to stronghold and Reshevsky got ahead.

Stone won the USSR championship 1963 (after pass fights with Spasski and Cholmow), 1965 and 1966 (undivided in each case winner). It applied starting from this time up to its death come prematurely as one of the best players of the world.

Its best historical Elo number amounted to 2759. This reached it in September 1966.

Stone died 1973 at a cardiac infarct, when the USSR crew got ready to to the European crew championship after Bath.

Stone sharp and enterprising style is also today still admired by many chess lovers very estimated, its delivered portions, under which an abundance of shining beads is. The 13. World champion Garri Kasparow has the admired master in its large work Moi welikie predschestweniki [my large predecessors] (Russian expenditure 3. Volume, 2004) an own chapter dedicated.

literature

  • E. Gufeld/E. Lasarew: Leonid stone. Fiskultura i sport, Moscow 1980. (soot.)
  • Siep H. Postma: Leonid stone. Smit Publishing, Hengelo 1985. ISBN 90-6289-549-2

Web on the left of

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