|coat of arms|
|coordinates:|| 46° 21 ' n. Break. |
7° 1 ' o. L.
|Height:||1253 m and. M.|
|Surface:||18,53 km ²|
|inhabitants:||3209 (31. December 2005)|
Table of contents
Leysin lies on 1253 m and. M., 4 km northeast the district principal place Aigle (air line). The village extends on a broad terrace at the south slope of the route d'Aï, highly over the valley of the Grande Eau, at promising situation east the Rhônetals.
The surface 18,5 km ² of the large Gemeindegebiets covers a section of the Waadtländer alps. In the southern part of the area is the terrace of Leysin (approximately 1250 m and. M.), which is limited against the valley of the Grande Eau by a slope-parallel set of forest hills. Interrupted by the valley of the Ruisseau de Ponty the terrace in the southwest in the hollow of Veyges continues. In the south the municipality soil is enough into the valley of the Grande Eau, which drains the area to the Rhône.
In the west the border runs along the mountain burr of La Riondaz and Berneuse (2045 m and. M.). Northward the municipality soil extends over Alpweiden up to the salient mountain sticks of route, existing made of limestone, d'Aï (with 2331 m and. M. highest point of Leysin), route de Mayen (2326 m and. M.) and route de Famelon (2138 m and. M.). In hollows at the south slope of these mountains are the mountain lakes Lac d'Aï, Lac de Mayen and Lac Segray. From the municipality surface 1997 7% were allotted to settlements, 37% to forest and wood, 33% to agriculture and somewhat less than 23% were unproductive country.
To Leysin the local part Feydey belong (1398 m and. M.) above the village, the settlement Les eating RTS (1340 m and. M.) northeast from Leysin, the Weiler EN Crettaz (1225 m and. M.) on the terrace north seam de Crête and Veyges (1113 m and. M.) in a hollow between the mountain-slope and the EFF plumb bob de Veyges, the Alpsiedlungen Aï (1892 m and. M.) at the Lac d'Aï and Mayen (1842 m and. M.) at the Lac de Mayen as well as some single yards. Neighbour municipalities of Leysin are Aigle, Yvorne, Corbeyrier and Ormont Dessous.
with 3209 inhabitants (at the end of of 2005) belongs to Leysin to the medium sized municipalities of the canton Waadt. From the inhabitants 56,1% are französischsprachig, 11,9% English-language and 3,5% German-language (conditions 2000). The total population of Leysin amounted 1900 to 1065 inhabitants. In the course 20. Century a continuous population growth was registered (1970: 2752 inhabitants). After a temporary strong decrease during the 1970er , the number of inhabitants increases years since that time again.
Leysin was to end 19. Century a village predominantly coined/shaped by the agriculture. Afterwards a rapid development began to the recovery and air health resort (in particular treatment of Tuberkulosekranken) with the improved traffic route (road and rail).
Today the dairy farming and cattle breeding have only a small value in the acquisition structure of the population. Most jobs are in the local small trade and particularly in the service sector present. The trade is completely aligned to the needs of the tourism. Leysin is seat of the American college OF Switzerland and location of the renowned Leysin American School (READ) as well as the Kumon Leysin Academy OF Switzerland (KLAS). In the further there are a hotel management school and several language schools. Since 1956 an address club of the Méditerranée is in the place.
starting from approximately 1870 developed Leysin to an important air health resort; the tourism began, and many new hotels were built. Around 1900 Leysin attained international reputation as treatment place for Tuberkulosekranke. The patients were submitted of a sun therapy, for which Leysin with its south slope situation was particularly suitable, protected by cold north winds and usually above the vapor and low stratus cover of the Rhônetals. In the consequence numerous sanatoriums developed (during the boom altogether about 80). At the same time Leysin was developed also to a winter sports place.
After antibiotics were discovered for the treatment of the lung diseases, the elevator health resort suffered an economic break-down after the Second World War. Most sanatoriums were closed or converted to hotels and vacation homes. The economic fall could be compensated by the coming tourism for the 1950er years soon.
Today Leysin a modern tourism and sports center is aligned, both to the winter and to the summer tourism. The slopes and the alps of Aï and Mayen are opened by several mountain railways and ski elevators. On the summit of the Berneuse is the modern panorama turning restaurant Kuklos. The area around the route d'Aï, route de Mayen and Tour de Famelon with the three mountain lakes is a popular moving goal.
the municipality lies off the larger Durchgangsstrassen. It is opened by a stinging race of Le Sépey at the main street Aigle Col of the Mosses. To 6. November 1900 was inaugurated today the fer Aigle Leysin with three stops in Leysin, de of transport Publics you Chablais the claimant rack railway Chemin. For the fine dispersion in public traffic provides the Buslinie, which operates from Le Sépey after Leysin.
the first documentary mention of the place took place 1232 under the German name Leissins. From this the today's French name developed over Leisins ( 1352), Lisin ( 1355) and Leysins (1402). The place name is derived and meant from the family name Leiss at the people of the Leiss.
The old local centre from Leysin finds on a terrace behind a forest crest and cannot not see itself from the Rhônetal. In addition, the former inhabitants lived in a large separatingness, were affected not by etwelchen plundering courses in the Rhônetal. Since the Middle Ages Leysin belonged to the duchy Savoyen and church and administratively dependent was on Aigle.
With conquest to the rule Aigle by Berne in the year 1476 Leysin arrived under the administration of the Gouvernements Aigle. The reformation was inserted 1528 in the village. Only 1702 became Leysin an independent political municipality. After the collapse of the Ancien régime belonged the village from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetik to the canton Léman, which came up afterwards with the coming into force of the Mediationsverfassung in the canton Waadt. 1798 were assigned it to the district Aigle.
larger admittingness attained Leysin for the first time 1789 by the book essay upon the principles OF population, in which Thomas Malthus described those relatively long lifetime of the village inhabitants (61 years) in relation to other European municipalities. It led this fact on the healthy climate and the separatingness (the inhabitants are exempted to a large extent from sticking on diseases of the population of valley) back. This book was the basis for the fact that Leysin in early 19. Century first as recovery place for the closer region, starting from approximately 1870 also internationally admits became.
objects of interest
the parish church Saint Nicolas comes in the core from 1445, became however in 17. Century barockisiert. The local picture of Leysin is coined/shaped by hotel and buildings of sanatoriums (meanwhile reconditions and transforms) from the time around 1900, under it the Grand Hôtel of 1892.
Web on the left of
- official Website of the municipality Leysin (French)
- Website of the tourism region Leysin
- aerial photos of the village and its environment
coordinates: 46° 21 ' N, 7° 01 ' O