A liberal-democratic party of Germany

the liberal-democratic party of Germany (LDP and/or. LDPD) was a liberal a party in the Soviet zone of occupation and a coalition in the GDR.

Table of contents

establishment

already with the instruction No. 2 of the highest boss of the Soviet military administration by the Soviet Union in the Second World War occupied of the zone of Germany of 10. June 1945 was arranged: “On the territory of the Soviet ones Okkupationszone in Germany is to be permitted the education and activity of all anti-fascist parties, itself the final extermination of the remnants fascism and the definition of the basis of the democracy and the civil liberties in Germany and the development of the initiative and self manipulation of the broad massset for the population in this direction to the goal. “The decision for the permission of political parties in its zone of occupation had been made by the Soviet leadership in the middle of May 1945, in order to be able to canalize existing reorganization tendencies, above all however, around the allied readiness to negotiate over undivided Germany tooit signals, in hope that this would be Soviet friendly.

After only 24 hours according to the decree of the instruction No. 2 the communist party of Germany (KPD) its establishment call had published, were based to 15. June the social-democratic party of Germany (SPD) and to 26. June the like a Christian democratic one Union of Germany (CDU).

At the same time as the founders of the CDU Külz, Eugen boat operator and its son-in-law Waldemar cook also a siebenköpfige group of former strip packing members met, in order to create a new “German democratic party” on initiative of William. Program and composition of the party leadershipit was fast certain, first was however sounded out whether the CDU was ready to educate a common liberal a party. After this raid had failed because of different views for the separation from politics and religion, the new party under the name stepped a liberal-democratic party of Germany (LDP) to 5. July with their establishment call to the public. It contacted particularly former members the wing of the German national people's party (DNVP) of the Weimar Republic moderate of a German democratic party (strip packing) , German people's party (DVP) and. Differently than the CDU she spoke herself decided forthe receipt of the private property and against nationalization of Bodenschätzen and national control of the mining industry and the most important enterprises out. Even if it left no doubt about its anti-fascist-democratic basic adjustment, then it was nevertheless political furthest right the new parties.

In November 1945after internal-party controversy on operation of the Soviet military administration the first chairman Waldemar cook was replaced by William Külz.

With the last free elections 1946 the LDP could become still before the CDU a second-strongest party behind the SED. At the end of of 1948, on the high point of their resistanceagainst the seizure of power of the SED, the LDP covered more than 200,000 members, from whom 23% were younger than 25 years.

LDP or LDPD

as party-official abbreviation of the liberal-democratic party of Germany had been in-patriated after 1945 first LDP, which then inOctober 1951 from Germany-political considerations by the central executive committee rather casually in LDPD was changed. To the turn in the GDR in February 1990 one finally returned to the original contraction, which applied up to the education of the federation suitor democrat in April 1990.

An all-German Intermezzo

the LDP created an all-German coordinating committee in July 1946 with the liberals parties of the west zones. This met in November 1946 in Coburg, in order to prepare the establishment of a zone-spreading all-German liberal a party.

The establishment of the democratic party of Germany found to 17. March 1947 to a conference in Rothenburg whether that deaf ones, in which liberals politicians from all four zones of occupation participated instead of. William Külz became common with Theodor Heuss (democratic people's party) chairman, Arthur lieutenant one of two managing directors. But already after one three-quarterYear failed this attempt of a zone-spreading party because of the participation of Külz because of the SED - dominated “1. German congress of people for unit and fair peace ". Also the LDP executive committee had criticized Külz' participation, it refused however further conclusions drawing, like it from the West German liberalswere demanded.

the LDPD as coalition

the LDPD was - like all certified parties - coordinated as coalition by the uniform list of candidates national front (GDR ) essentially with the SED.

Beside the LDPD existed with the NDPD a further coalition, the something similarPopulation circles addressed, like the LDPD. Chairmen of many years of the LDPD since 1967 was Manfred Gerlach.

solution of the SED and fusion with the FDP

as in the autumn 1989 by Fluchtbewegungen and mass demonstrations the end of the SED - autocracy became foreseeable and numerous newdeveloped, also the up to then zahme coalition LDPD solved itself independent groups and parties gradually from the SED. The liberal democrats were the first party, which criticized the policy of the SED in up to then form unusually open for the coalitions. To 17. September 1989 dissociated itselfthe chairman Manfred Gerlach publicly of the policy of the SED. To 4. December 1989 left the LDPD with the likewise turned coalition CDU the national front (GDR). At the 6.Dezember 1989 Manfred Gerlach became as a successor of Egon Krenz of chairmen of the Council of State of the GDRand thus head of state.

After the peaceful revolution in the autumn 1989 understood yourself the LDPD as new liberals Kraft in the country. However critical tones were hardly to be heard for own responsibility at the GDR injustice system. A reason also, why the party on the Party Congress to 10. February 1990in Dresden it decided to paint that second D from the name and continue as in the start time under the name LDP. In Dresden with Rainer locallive also a new chairman selected. It came now also officially to contacts with the West German FDP.

InApron of the first free people chamber choice 1990, created the LDP with the new liberals parties (a German forum party, F.D.P. the GDR) the federation suitor democrat (BFD). The BFD obtained on the choice day (15. March 1990) despite assistance of the German Federal Republic however only 5.3% and placed thereby21 delegates in the people chamber. At the 11. August 1990 closed the LDP with the other parties of the BFD with the F.D.P of the German Federal Republic. to the all-German F.D.P. together.

The central executive body of the LDPD was the daily paperthe morning “. It was adjusted 1991, after the demandto the case had strongly back gone to the wall.

literature

  • corner hard crib village: The liberal-democratic party of Germany in the Soviet zone of occupation 1945-48: Emergence, structure, politics . Droste, Duesseldorf 1961
  • Karl-Heinz basic man (Hrsg.): Between communication readiness, adjustment and resistance: The liberal-democratic party of Germany in Berlinand the Soviet zone of occupation 1945-1949. FDP Bundestag faction, Bonn 1978
  • Manfred Gerlach: “Jointly responsible”. Morning book publishing house, Berlin 1991
  • Ulf summers: The liberal-democratic party of Germany. A coalition under guidance of the SED. Münster 1996
  • Jürgen Louis: The liberal-democratic party in Thuringia 1945-1952. Böhlau, Cologne Weimar Vienna 1996
  • Peter JoachimLap: “Sellout. The end of the coalitions ". edition east, Berlin 1998
  • Michael walter: “It is spring, and we are (so) freely - LDP (D), NDPD, FDP and FDP of the GDR 1989/90”. Ergon, peppering castle 1998

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see also: Party nature in the SBZ, acquaintance of members of the LDPD

 

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