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Limerick is a county (county) in the Republic of Ireland.
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in the north is limited Limerick by the Shannon. Around the city Limerick around extends an extensive flat country from sandstone backs, also in parts from volcanic rock (Trachyt and basalt). In the west there is to plateaus from lime and sandstone with peat bogs and heaths,the east and southeast are coined/shaped by mountain countries: Slievefelim, Galty Montains Ballyhoura Hills.
it is accepted that itself those first humans in the area of the today's County around 3000 v.Chr. in the area around the Lough Gur settled. SomeRemnants of Megalithkulturen from Duntryleague date to 3500 v.Chr. back. After the arrival of the Celts around 400 v.Chr. the country was divided into insignificant small kingdoms (also tuath mentioned).
The Christianity spread in 5. Century in the area around Limerick. Some important monasteries became inLimerick, pool of broadcasting corporations Patrick, Mungret and Kileedy based. From this golden age of arts and crafts (5. to 9. Century) comes the silver cup from Ardagh. It is a masterpiece of the metal handicraft, probably originates from that 8. Century and was found 1868 in the west by Limerick.
After thatArrival of the Wikinger in 9. Century was created 922 on an island in the Shannon the city Limerick. As in the year 1194 Donal Mór O'Brien, who died king of Münster, transferred the Normannen control of Limerick. 1210 were officially created the County Limerick. InRun of the time the normannischen invaders were assimilated ever more and became finally Irish than the Irish. The Tudors wanted to cut the power of these gälisierten normannischen rulers and to bring all power into the hands of the central power. For this purpose English Kolonisten was settled in the County.In the year 1569 the prominent normannische family of Limerick, the Geraldines , against the English rule revolted. This led to a brutal war in Münster, which admits the moon rebellion under the name became. The province was devastated and the expanded Ländereien of the family was konfisziert.
The next century brought further destruction with itself. During most time of the rebellion of the Irish of 1641 - 1653 were appropriate for Limerick behind the front line. During Cromwells war course by Ireland became it however nevertheless still theater of war. 1650/1651 became the city Limerick of Cromwells New Model Army under the guidance of Henry Irish clay/tone besieges. In October 1651 the city had to finally capitulate.
During the war Williams III. against the Jakobiten (1689 - 1691) the city was again besieged in the years 1690 /1691. The overwhelming majority thatPopulation supported Jakob II. Under the guidance of general William Sarsfield withstood the catholic troops nearly two years the supremacy of the opposing troops. In October 1691 Sarsfield had to then capitulate however. It succeeded to negotiate it however a contract, that the catholic some rights been entitledwould have. The regulations of the contract were never converted however by the Englishmen. Therefore the surname Limericks city of the broken contract comes.
In 18. and 19. Century gave it a long period to pursuit against the catholic population majority. Many lived in large poverty. Those Large hunger emergency into the 1840er years led to mass emigration and a large retreat of the Irish language. This began itself at the beginning 20. To change century. Some changes of law of the British government facilitated to erweben it the tenants country and so the high lease payments to thoseto escape absent property owner.
During the war of independence of 1919 - 1921 particularly gave it in the east of the Countys many fights. The following civil war brought bitter arguments between the army of the new Free State and the contracting partners to the Irish Republican Army, in particular in the city Limerick. The consequencesthese fights were however soon overcome. In the last years the County Limerick profits from the economic recovery of the whole country.
in the agriculture plays the cattle and dairy cattle husbandry the largest role.
objects of interest
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