Lingala

Lingála
spoken in: Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of the Congo

speaker: 2 millions Native speaker and 8 million Zweitsprachler
linguistic
classification:
Lingala
official status
office language in: -
Language code
ISO 639 -1: LN
ISO 639 -2: lin
SIL: lin

Lingála (or Ngála, also liNgála) is an African traffic and commercial language. She is spoken mainly in the two Congo states, where she has also the status of a national language. Besides their spreading widens slowly however surely into the south out (language area of the Kikongo and the north of Angola).


Table of contents

origin

linguistic belongs it to the Bantusprachen, which are spoken in east and Central Africa as well as in the southern Africa. Developed Lingála along the Congo (river) in the province Equateur. For the time being Lingála, originally Lobangi mentioned, was the language of the Ethnie of the Bangala. In the heart of this inhabited region Ngala, on half way between Lépoldville (today Kinshasa) and Stanleyville (today Kisangani), was established the port Nouvelle Anvers (today Makanza) as one of the first commercial stations of the Congo Free State. From Lobangi, mixed with further Bantusprachen, originated in in 19. Century a supraregional traffic and commercial language. The three posts mentioned, belonged to first in the lower Congo basin, which became starting from 1899 catholic mission stations.

From the French and from Kiswahili isolates leaning words taken up. Lingála belonged to the Lusengo - languages and is linguistically closely related to Bangala and Bobangi, whereby for instance a third of the vocabulary exhibits lexical Similarität with latter language, from which it developed.

spreading

spreading of Lingála (lightgreen) and nut-linguistic area (dark green)

in Congo Kinshasa is not Lingála despite the large spreading at the schools instruction language. On private basis however very successful Alphabetisierungs courses are accomplished by local population committees with support of the UNESCO in the interior. There are dictionaries approximately to the Spanish, French or English. Since 1970 are completely translated on Lingala the Bible. From the new will and the Psalmen there are different expenditures. Dr. A. Dzokanga of Institut national of the langues et Civilisations Orientales de Paris several important works over Lingála wrote.

Lingála in large parts of the democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo, as well as in smaller measure in the Central African republic of over ten million humans is spoken. In the media, which army, to which police, official responding and the music finds it a large spreading, which contributed also to the large spreading since the Entkolonialisierung. In the DR the Congo it has the conditions of a national language after the office language French and beside Kikongo , Kiswahili and Tshiluba. In the capital Kinshasa already overhauled it the there usual regional language Kikongo since longer in the number speaker.

Country                Erstsprache alphabetisiert secondary language alphabetisiert (source) Congo Brazzaville   300,000      10% to 30%                   25% to 75%     SIL, 1993 Congo Kinshasa      309,100                      8,400,000                    WA, 1999 Zentralafrik. Rep. 

altogether more, demographically strongly increasingly [work on] classification the Niger Congo


the volume TA Congo

, the Benué Congo , Bantoid , southern Bantusprachen, Narrow Bantu , northwest, C, Bangi Ntomba (C 40) causes than 10,000,000, Lusengo. Lingála, language code LIN, is one of the eight Lusengo languages.

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