Left policy

the term left policy designates very different conversion attempts of a political philosophy, which aims at specific making and society conditions in demarcation of competitive currents in the detail. Originally the term political „linking referred “(and „rights “) to the parliamentary seat order during the so-called „July monarchy“in France after the July revolution of 1830.

In the today's linguistic usage by one „link to “political positioning usually an attitude understood, which is ideologically derived from more or less pronounced and strengthened socialist beginnings.

Table of contents

definition

left policy tries the conventional, usually as reactionary or conservatively understood policy, which is aligned at the backward step to former (reactionary) or receipt of the existing (conservative) state and social structures,to overcome. It sets a progressive for that, i.e. progressively understood against politics, which try to intersperse by reforms of the existence, pretty often also by revolutionary activities new social, economic and political conditions for the advantage rather under privileged social classes. Becomes between parliamentary and except-parliamentaryleft policy differentiated.

A classical left policy is coined/shaped by a egalitären people picture, i.e.: She regards among other things the equal rights of all humans, independently of national, ethnical, sexual and other group associatednesses than a political goal which can be aimed at - in accordance with the ideals of the French revolutionliberty,Equality, fraternity “(liberté, égalité, fraternité). From it and becomes to today also a policy of the equal chances for all social classes and finally the demand after same entrance to the social, straight also material, wealth was derived. The principle of the social justice led and leads toto the demand for a same prosperity distribution, socialization or a nationalization of means of production and - in the ideal conception of communism - for the goal of a classless society, or in the anarchy mash to a rule-free, structured non-governmental society.

Come out from the radical-democratic and to a large extent anti monarchistic liberal currents of theearly 19. Century, today substantially by socialism in its different developments inspired conversion attempts of the policy are regarded as left policy.

Independently of to basic basicput-putting those the ideological adjustment exist until today in all, also as rather „on the right of “understood (conservative to reactionarily coined/shaped) political parties, Organizations and groupings so-called „link wings “. These transfer demands, which are derived from the ideals classical linking in single aspects, for example to the requirement on social justice (partially only for certain parts of the population), and which in the appropriate parties one moreor less tolerated edge position take. „The left wing “on its part their self understanding already as on the left of (usually social-democratically, socialistically or communist) understanding parties often complains a more consistent, more radical (grundsätzlichere) conversion of the left requirement in, and stands for his part usually at the edge of the internal-partySpectrum - just like „the right wings “as its Gegenpart, which there is accordingly likewise in each party. To that extent the labeling terms are „left “and „right “to see always also also relative to related to the political spectrum what in a certainSociety, for example a state, when political „center is regarded “.

origins: From the liberalism to socialism

after the fall of the Bourbonen in the July revolution of 1830 in France and the transmission of power to „the citizen king “ Louis Philippe, was first a liberal Monarchy aimed at. The newly formed parliament was arranged according to parties, which one called also “clubs “at that time. Right of the president the conservative sat and/or. at the time also monarchistic parties, on the left of the more radical republican “link”, at that time first than “liberal” in the revolutionary sense validParties. Later this seat order has itself transferred to other parliaments: On the right of the reactionary, nationalistic, conservative and/or civil parties, on the left of the progressive, communist, socialist and/or social-democratic parties. Accordingly left policy refers since at the latest in the middle 19. Century on of socialism inspired ideas and world views. These ideologies are enough until today from utopian socialism (see.Early socialism) over the communism of Marxist coinage and the social-democracy up to the different currents of the state-negative anarchy mash, that usually, come out historically from the marxism, a participation in parliamentary hownon-parliamentary state structures rejects.

parliamentary left ones

in the closer sense demand the trailers of a parliamentary left policy in the modern trend often national interventions in economic questi0ns, in order to promote the material equalization from socially weaker humans to. While the left parties of the Weimar Republic that It in the circles political linking since the globalization of the 1990er years endorsed, often give free trade as measure for the lowering of the food prices a refusal of free trade and the demand after larger national social security benefits. At present for example the left wing party Party of Democratic Socialism and those understand themselves in Germany WASG as well as partially representative of the SPD and of alliance 90/Die the Green as representatives of a left parliamentary policy.

left policy

was however not only limited Ausserparlamentari left ones since more jeher to parliament politics. Not only in 19. Century left parties and groups remained overrelatively large periods away from parliaments expenditure-bordered, were forbidden or in consequence of a census right to vote in the relation to actual majority conditions in the population only underrepresented in the chamber parliaments represented. This applied in particular to socialistically inspired unions, the straight in 19. Century, in addition, tointo the present revolutionary circulations aimed at and partly also converted. Accordingly these groups were involved also always locally actively in revolutions , rebellions , revolts and other social (class) fights over all modern times away or stated these.

Ausserparlamentarisch exist today many politicalGroupings with different effective force, which refer to left positions. The contentwise conceptions over it, which aims at left policy with which means, are very heterogeneously.

see also

anarchy mash, Anarcho syndicalism, workers' movement, Ausserparlamentari opposition, international one, communism, a communist party, Liberalism, dear ore air mash, link liberalism, marxism, new one left one, advice communism, reformism, revolution, Situationisti international ones, social-democracy, socialism, a socialist party, political spectrum, rule, radical democracy

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