List of the heads of state 1978


table of contents

Africa

  • Egypt
    • head of state: President Anwar as-Sadat (1970-1981)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Mamdouh Salem (1975-2. October 1978)
      2. Prime Minister Mustafa Khalil (2. October 1978-1980)
  • Algeria
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Houari Boumédienne (1965-27. December 1978)
      2. (kommissarisch) Rabah Bitat (27. December 1978-1979)
  • Ethiopia
    • state and head of the government: Chairman of the provisional military board of directors Mengistu Haile Marian (1977-1991)
  • Burundi
    • head of state: President Jean Baptiste Bagaza (1976-1987)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Édouard Nzambimana (1976-13. October 1978)
  • Djibouti
    • head of state: President Hassan Gouled Aptidon (1977-1999)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime minister Ahmed Dini Ahmed (1977-5. February 1978)
      2. Prime minister Abdallah Mohamed Kamil (5. Februar-2. October 1978)
      3. Prime minister Barkat Gourad Hamadou (2. October 1978-2001)
  • Ghana
    • state and head of the government:
      1. Chairman of the highest military advice Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheampong (1972-5. June 1978)
      2. Chairman of the highest military advice lieutenant general Fred Akuffo (5. June 1978-1979)
  • Comoros
    • head of state:
      1. President Ali Soilih (1976-13. May 1978)
      2. Chairman of the political-military you acct advice Said Atthoumani (13. Mai-23. May 1978)
      3. Ko-chairman of the political-military you acct advice Ahmed Abdallah, Mohamed Ahmed (23. Mai-3. October 1978, starting from 22. July as Ko-chairmen of the you acct advice of 9
      4. chairmen of the you acct advice Ahmed Abdallah (3. October 1978-1989, starting from 25. October as a president)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime minister Abdallah Mohamed (1976-22. December 1978)
      2. Prime minister Salim Ben Ali (22. December 1978-1982)
  • Libya
    • head of state: Secretary-General of the general congress of people Muammar aluminium-Gaddafi (1969-1979)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Abdelati aluminium Abedi (1977-1979)
  • Madagascar
    • head of state: President Didier Ratsiraka (1975-1993)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Désiré Rakotoarijaona (1977-1988)
  • Morocco
    • head of state: King Hassan II. (1961-1999)
    • Head of the government: Prime minister Ahmed Osman (1972-1979)
  • the Niger
    • state and head of the government: President of the highest military advice lieutenant colonel Seyni Kountché (1974-1987)
  • Nigeria
    • state and head of the government: Boss of the military Federal Government Colonel Olusegun Obasanjo (1976-1979)
  • Rhodesien (disputed, today Simbabwe)
    • State of and head of the government:
      1. President John Wrathall (1976-31. August 1978)
      2. (acting) Henry Everard (31. August-1. November 1978)
      3. (acting) Jack William Pithey (1. November 1978-1979)
  • Sierra Leone
    • state and head of the government: President Siaka of Stevens (1971-1985)
  • Swaziland
    • head of state: King Sobhuza II. (1968-1982)
    • Head of the government: Prime minister Maphevu Dlamini (1976-1979)
  • Tanzania
    • head of state: President Julius Nyerere (1964-1985)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Edward Moringe Sokoine (1977-1980)
  • Chad
    • head of state: Colonel Félix Malloum (1975-1979, starting from 29. August as a president)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Hissène Habré (29. August 1978-1979)
  • west seeing era (disputed)
    • head of state: President Mohamed Abdelaziz (since 1976, in exile)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Mohamed Lamine Ould Ahmed (1976-1982, in exile)
  • Central African realm (today [[Central African Republic of)


America

North America

  • Mexico
    • state and head of the government: President José López Portillo (1976-1982)


Central America

  • of Barbados
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1966)
      governor general Deighton Lisle Ward (1976-1984)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Tom Adam (1976-1985)
  • Costa Rica
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Daniel Oduber Quirós (1974-8. May 1978)
      2. President Rodrigo Carazo Odio (8. May 1978-1982)
  • Dominica
    • head of state: (kommissarisch) Louis Cools Lartigue (3. November 1978-1979)
    • Head of the government: Prime minister Patrick John (3. November 1978-1979)
  • Dominican Republic of
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Joaquín Balaguer (1966-16. August 1978)
      2. President Antonio Guzmán Fernández (16. August 1978-1982)
  • El Salvador
    • state and head of the government: General of Carlo Humberto Romero (1977-1979)
  • Grenada
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1974)
      governor general
      1. Leo de Gale (1974-30. September 1978)
      2. Paul Scoon (30. September 1978-1992)
    • Head of the government: Prime minister Eric Gairy (1974-1979)
  • Guatemala
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Kjell Laugerud García (1974-30. June 1978)
      2. President F. Romeo Lucas García (1. July 1978-1982)
  • of Honduras
    • state and head of the government:
      1. General Juan Alberto Melgar Castro (1975-7. August 1978)
      2. (provisionally) general Policarpio Juan Paz Garcia (8. August 1978-1982)
  • Jamaica
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1962)
      governor general Florizel of glass poles (1973-1991)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Michael Norman Manley (1972-1980)
  • Cuba
    • state and head of the government: President of the Council of State Fidel Castro (since 1959)
  • Panama
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Demetrio Lakas Bahas (1969-11. October 1978)
      2. President Dr. Aristides Royo (11. October 1978-1982)
  • Trinidad and Tobago
    • head of state: President Ellis Clarke (1976-1987)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Eric Eustace Williams (1962-1981)


South America

  • Bolivia
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Hugo Banzer (1971-21. July 1978)
      2. President Juan Pereda Asbún (21. Juli-24. November 1978)
      3. President David Padilla Arancibia (24. November 1978-1979)
  • Ecuador
    • state and head of the government: Chairman of the highest government advice admiral Alfredo Poveda (1976-1979)
  • Guyana
    • head of state: President Arthur Chung (1970-1980)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Forbes Burnham (1966-1980)
  • Colombia
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Alfonso López Michelsen (1974-7. August 1978)
      2. President Julio César Turbay (7. August 1978-1982)
  • Suriname
    • state and head of the government: President Dr. Johan Henri Eliza Ferrier (1975-1980)
  • Uruguay
    • state and head of the government: President Aparicio Méndez (1976-1981)


Asia

east, south and Southeast Asia

  • Bangladesh
    • head of state: President Ziaur Rahman (1977-1981)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Mashiur Rahman (29. June 1978-1979)
  • Burma (today Myanmar)
    • State of and head of the government:
      1. Brigadier its Vienna (1974-29. March 1977)
      2. Colonel Maung Maung Kha (29. March 1977-1988)
  • China
    • head of state (nominal): Chairman of the constant committee of the national congress of people Ye Jianying (5. March 1978-1983)
    • Head of state (in fact): Chairman of the KPC Hua Guofeng (1976-1981)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister of the Council of State Hua Guofeng (1976-1980)
  • Japan
    • head of state: Emperor Hirohito (1926-1989)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Fukuda Takeo (1976-7. December 1978)
      2. Prime Minister Ōhira Masayoshi (7. December 1978-1980)
  • North Korea
    • head of state: President Kim IL-sung (1972-1994)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Li Jong ok (1977-1984)
  • South Korea
    • head of state: President park Chung hee (1963-1979)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Kyu Hah Choi (1975-1979)
  • of Laos
    • head of state: President prince Souphanouvong (1975-1991)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Kaysone Phomvihane (1975-1991)
  • Malaysia
    • head of state: Highest ruler Sultan Yahya Petra (1975-1979)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Hussein Onn (1976-1981)
  • Maldives
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Ibrahim Nasir (1968-11. November 1978)
      2. President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (since 11. November 1978)
  • Nepal
    • head of state: King Birendra (1972-2001)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Kirti Nidhi Bista (1977-1979)
  • Pakistan
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry (1973-16. September 1978)
      2. General Mohammed Zia ul-Haq (16. September 1978-1988)
  • Singapore
    • head of state: President Benjamin Henry Sheares (1971-1981)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Lee Kuan Yew (1965-1990)
  • Taiwan
    • head of state:
      1. President Yen Chia kan (1975-20. May 1978)
      2. President Chiang Ching kuo (20. May 1978)
    • Head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Chiang Ching kuo (1972-30. May 1978)
      2. Prime Minister Sun Yun suan (30. May 1978-1984)
  • Thailand
    • head of state: King Rama IX. (since 1946)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister General Kirti Nidhi Bista (1977-1980)
  • Viet Nam
    • head of state: President clay/tone Duc Thang (1976-1980)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Phạm Văn Ðồng (1976-1987)


Anterior Asia

  • Iran
    • head of state: Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1941-1979)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Dr. Jamshid Amuzegar (1977-1978)
      2. Prime Minister Jafar Sharif Emami (1978-1979)
  • north Yemen
    • head of state:
      1. President Ahmad aluminium-Ghashmi (1977-24. June 1978)
      2. President Abdul Karim Abdullah aluminum era ski (24. Juni-18. July 1978)
      3. President Ali Abdullah Salih (since 18. July 1978)
    • Head of the government: Prime Minister Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani (1975-1980)
  • South Yemen
    • head of state:
      1. Chairman of the Präsidialrats Salim Ali Rubai (1969-26. June 1978)
      2. Chairman of the Präsidialrats Ali of wet Muhammad (1. Juli-27. December 1978)
      3. Chairman of the Präsidialrats Abdel Fattah Ismail (27. December 1978-1980)
    • Head of the government: Prime Minister Haidar Abu Bakr aluminium-Attas (1971-1986)
  • Jordanian
    • head of state: King Hussain II. (1952-1999)
    • Head of the government: Prime Minister Mudar Badran (1976-1979)
  • Qatar
    • ruler: Emir Khalifa is Hamad aluminium Thani (1972-1995)
  • Lebanon
    • head of state: President Elias Sarkis (1976-1982)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Selim aluminium-Hoss (1976-1980)
  • Syria
    • head of state: President Hafez aluminium-Assad (1971-2000)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Abdul Rahman Kleifawi (1976-27. March 1978)
      2. Prime Minister Muhammad Ali aluminium-Halabi (27. March 1978-1980)


central Asia

  • Afghanistan
    • state and head of the government:
      1. President Daoud Khan (1973-27. April 1978)
      2. Chairman of the military advice general Abdul Kadir (27. April-30. April 1978)
      3. President of the revolutionary council only Muhammad Taraki (30. April 1978-1979)
  • Mongolia
    • head of state: President Yumjaagiyn Tsedenbal (1974-1984)
    • head of the government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Jambyn Batmonh (1974-1984)

Australia and Ozeanien

  • Cookinseln
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1965)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime minister Albert R. Henry (1965-25. July 1978)
      2. Prime minister Tom Davis (25. July 1978-1983)
  • Fiji
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (1970-1987)
      Governor general George Cakobau (1973-1983)
    • head of the government: Main Minister Kamisese Mara (1970-1987)
  • New Zealand
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1952)
      governor general Keith Jacka Holyoake (1977-1980)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Robert Muldoon (1975-1984)
  • Papua New Guinea
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1975)
      governor general of gates Lokoloko (1977-1983)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Michael Somare (1975-1980)
  • Salomonen
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 7. July 1978)
      Governor general Baddeley Devesi (7. July 1978-1988)
    • Head of the government: Prime minister Peter Kenilorea (7. July 1978-1981)
  • Tonga
    • head of state: King Taufa' ahau Tupou IV. (since 1970)
    • head of the government: To prime minister Fatafehi do' ipelehake (1970-1991)
  • Tuvalu
    • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II. (since 1. October 1978)
      Governor general Fiatau Penitala Teo (1. October 1978-1986)
    • Head of the government: Prime minister Toaripi Lauti (1. October 1978-1981)
  • Western Samoa (today Samoa)
    • ruler: Sovereignty Malietoa Tanumafili II (since 1962)

Europe

  • Albania
    • head of state (nominal): Presidency chairman Haxhi Lleshi (1953-1982)
    • head of state (in fact): First secretary of the kPa Enver Hoxha (1944-1985)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu (1954-1981)
  • Belgium
    • head of state: King Baudouin I. (1951-1993)
    • Head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Leo Tindemans (1974-20. October 1978)
      2. Prime Minister Paul Vanden Boeynants (20. October 1978-1979)
  • Bulgaria
    • head of state: Chairman of the presidency of the national assembly Todor Schiwkow (1971-1989)
    • head of the government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Stanko Todorow (1971-1981)
  • Ireland
    • head of state: President Dr. Patrick Hillery (1976-1990)
    • head of the government: Prime minister Jack lynch (1977-1979)
  • Iceland
    • head of state: President Dr. Kristján Eldjárn (1968-1980)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime Minister Geir Hallgrímsson (1974-1. September 1978)
      2. Prime Minister Ólafur Jóhannesson (1. September 1978-1979)
  • Yugoslavia
    • head of state: President Josip Broz Tito (1953-1980)
    • head of the government: President of the implementing Upper House of Parliament Veselin Đuranović (1977-1982)
  • Liechtenstein
    • head of state: Prince Franz Josef II. (1938-1989)
    • Head of the government:
      1. Head of the government Walter Kieber (1974-26. April 1978)
      2. Head of the government Hans Brunhart (26. April 1978-1993)
  • Luxembourg
    • head of state: Grand Duchess Jean (1964-2000)
    • head of the government: Head of the provincial government Gaston Thorn (1974-1979)
  • Malta
    • head of state: President Dr. Anton Buttigieg (1976-1981)
    • head of the government: Prime minister cathedral Mintoff (1971-1984)
  • Monaco
    • head of state: Prince Rainier III. (1949-2005)
    • Head of the government: Minister of State André Saint Mleux (1972-1981)
  • Portugal
    • head of state: President Ramalho Eanes (1976-1986)
    • head of the government:
      1. Prime minister Mário Soares (1976-28. August 1978)
      2. Prime minister Alfredo Nobre there Costa (28. August-22. November 1978)
      3. Prime minister of Carlo Mota Pinto (22. November 1978-1979)
  • Romania
    • head of state: President Nicolae Ceauşescu (1967-1989)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister Manea Mănescu (1974-1979)
  • San Marino
    • Capitani Reggenti:
      1. Giordano Bruno Reffi, Tito Masi (1977-1. April 1978)
      2. Francesco Valli, Enrico Andreoli (1. April-1. October 1978)
      3. Ermenegildo Gasperoni, Adriano Reffi (1. October 1978-1979)
  • Hungary
    • head of state: Chairman of the presidency advice Pál Losonczi (1967-1987)
    • head of the government: Prime Minister György Lázár (1975-1987)
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)