literature science is the scientific occupation with the literature. It covers subsections after usual understanding like literature history, the literature criticism, the literature interpretation, the literature theory and the edition philology.
Historically it is come out
- from the universitären occupationwith (Rhetorik and) poetry,
- the occupation with the novel as article that belles lettres and,
- the names after, from the occupation with “literature “- in 19. Century the field of the scientific publications.
Table of contents
history of 17. in 19. Century
of chairs for poetry and Rhetorik
one reads occasionally Johann Christoph Gottsched the first universitären chair for poetry had. That is not correct,because to poetry and Rhetorik there were chairs within the ranges in the philosophical Fakultären of European universities for a long time.
The universitäre argument with poetry remained to in 18. Century inside on the Poetologie fixes and thus on a discussion of the rules,those works of art in the different kinds of the poetry after Aristoteles and its successors to correspond had. Poetry in the national languages remained to a large extent unconsidered in relation to Latin seal on the universities. The smallest area took in 17. and 18. Century current, alsothe opera its center finding poetry production.
non-university: The occupation with the novel
the novel found, not to the poetry, particularly belonging to in the area of novel production investigations: in Vorreden to novels and in chapters, thoseby its authors into novels were built, in order to discuss there the history of the kind and its qualities. The milestone 1670 Pierre Daniel Huets Tractat became over the origin of the novels, 1670 as Vorrede Marie on this fieldde LaFayettes Zayde publishes. The bishop von Avranches trained in the interpretation of texts suggested innovative generally interpreting novels and poetry as fictions before the background of the respective cultural conditions it to those came of. The existing specialized sciences could thatSuggestion little gain, seemed more profitable until far in 18. Century inside a novel criticism, which the entire kind as morally rejected this-qualified.
the literature science in the sense of word 17. and 18. Century
the literature science, those the literature, byfor the definitionem field of the sciences, applied, developed as the science of the most important scientific publications and thus to a large extent as bibliographic project. Their work essentially existed in the publication of large science bibliographies. In the course 18. Century became increasing this projectdoubtful: Technical literatures won into the 1770ern in relation to general overviews of the literature of all sciences. The general project of a literature history and a literature science survived, by it itself at the end 18. Century of the poetry discussion opened, the center 18. Centuryfor the novel discussion had opened and thus crucially at attractiveness had won.
the literature science 19. Century
as in 19. Century innovative in Germany was again defined, what is to be regarded as literature - in the center of the definitionthe range of the linguistic works of art of a respective nation - the literature science changed itself to an eminent political project. The technical term “Germanistik” saves the new tradition line: Specialists from the range of the jurisprudence, who were trained in the reading of medieval German sources of right,had as first the expert's assessment to secure and edit pour-critically corpus of the national literature.
The again-defined literature science made European-wide school in a development, in the German and French specialized scientist in the middle 19. Century the crucial defaults for literature stories of othersCountries made.
older one German literature science
the subject older one German literature science is a subrange of the German philology. The older German literature science is concerned with the German literature of the beginnings in the early Middle Agesup to the transition to the modern times to 16. /17. Century. It analyzes central and old-high-German texts systematically after kinds, forms, materials and motives, as well as historically after authors and epochs.
For graduates of this subject none leave themselves „typical “vocational fieldsrecognize. Quantitatively very limited vocational activities come into educational establishments, publishing houses, media, libraries, museums, culture associations, into archives and documentation nature and in the public work into consideration.
see also: Mediävistik
newer one German literature science
in the newer German literature science becometheoretical bases and methods for the investigation and interpretation of literary and non-literary texts, to which also plays and films count, in German language starting from that 16. Century, compiles and applied. Literary epochs and their historical change are investigated and relationsbetween literary and other (spirit or socialhistorical) structures and conditions of the production, spreading and admission of literature examines.
literature science in the foreign language philologies in such a way specified
Comparative literature science
methods and theories
in the literature science developed different methods and theories:
- prescription ion aesthetics
- Russian formalism
- Poststrukturalismus and/or. Neostrukturalismus
- discourse analysis
- Dekonstruktivismus (also “Dekonstruktion”)
- Gender Studies
- telling theory (Narrativistik)
- empirical literature science
literature scientist admitted
- Erich Auerbach
- Harold Bloom
- Dieter Borchmeyer
- F. O. Matthiesen, (1902-1950), the USA
- Werner center two (* 1927)
- Hans Mayer
- Paul de Man
- George Steiner
- Wendelin Schmidt Dengler, (* 1942), Austria.
- Peter Szondi
List of literature-scientific terms
Web on the left of
- E-Learning and Germanistik (Web offer of the Germanistik of the University of Duisburg meal with numerous E-Learning-courses. Here is among other things also the Web offer from “invitation to the literature science” (Professor. Dr. J.Vogt) and the Web portal lens (linguistics server meal) settled.)
- introduction to the French litre atue science (pdf) script, which treats also questions beyond the French literature science.