|of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Liverpool (term clarifying).|
|Town center OF Liverpool|
|status|| metropolitan Borough|
town center (1880)
|region||North west England|
|surface||111.84 km ²|
|population||444,500 (2004, approx.)|
Liverpool [ˈlɪvəpuːl] is a city and a metropolitan Borough in the northwest by England, united kingdom, at the delta of the river Mersey. 2002 amounted to the total population of the city 441,447, those of the densely populated area 1.362.026. Liverpool is the second largest port of exportation of Great Britain.
The historical part of the port including the tourist attraction Albert Dock was explained 2004 by the UNESCO as the world inheritance. The city borders on Bootle and Huyton. On the other side of the river Mersey are Wallasey and Birkenhead.
Admits is the city by the steeped in tradition Soccer associations Liverpool fiber plastic and Everton fiber plastic as well as by its pulsating music scene, from which into the 1960er years among other things the Beatles came out. 2008 will be Liverpool the European culture capital. The inhabitants of Liverpool are called officially “Liverpudlians”, but the over name “Scousers” is better well-known. Itspeak a special dialect, which is called Scouse.
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around 1190 was well-known the place as “Liuerpul”, which as much as “muddy Pfuhl” or “muddy bay” meant.The origins of Liverpool decrease/go back to the year 1207 , when the settlement was explained as the small market town and port. Originally the city served as base for troops, which were used in Ireland. The lock Liverpool was built around 1230, torn off 1726 however again. Four centurieslong Liverpool was relatively insignificant. Around the center 16. Century amounted to the number of inhabitants only about 500 and the area had until approximately 1650 a far smaller meaning than Chester further south. 1571 asked the inhabitants queen Elizabeth I.over reductions of taxes and designated their cityin the asking writing as “Liverpool, the poor, heruntergekommene city of your majesty”. Up to the end 17. Century hardly grew the city and it occurred not too much. Exception was 1644 a achtzehntägige FE storage by the troops of Ruprecht of the Pfalz, duke of Cumberland during the English of civil war.
1698 gave the House of Commons to the city dwellers the right to build a new church. From this time on the ascent of Liverpool began to one of the most important cities of the country. By the increasingTrade with the westIndian islands began to grow the city. Large profits from the slave trade contributed to growth and to the prosperity. At the beginning 19. Century 40 per cent of the world trade was completed over the port of Liverpool. From here many thousands emigrants rode alongthe ship into the United States of America, in order to begin a new life there. Large quantities steel and textiles, in cities such as Manchester, Sheffield or Leeds produced, were shipped of Liverpool into all world, particularly however into the Commonwealth. 1880 receivedLiverpool the municipal law.
In the first half 20. Century stopped growth and the city became one point of attraction for immigrants from completely Europe, above all Ireland. 1930 counted the city of 850,000 inhabitants. In the Second World War Liverpool from German bomber formations becamethe occupied France and Belgium attacked. Thus the city was substantially destroyed. A zerbombte church was not again developed as memorial. 2500 inhabitants were killed and hurt 11,000.
after the war followed a large reconstruction program with numerous new residential districts and that 1972 opened Seaforth dock, to the most important port project of Great Britain. But since the 1950ern the meaning of Liverpool already decreased as port and industrial site continuously. Until 1985 the number of inhabitants sank on 460.000.
Historically Liverpool belonged to the traditional county Lancashire, became then however 1888 one “countyborough ", which corresponds approximately to a circle-free city. 1974 became Liverpool metropolitan a Borough within Merseyside, again created metropolitan a County.
National meaning attained 1984 and 1987 the argument between the Tory government and the town councillor of Liverpool, that between under control of trotzkistisch was guessed/advised stopped parts of the labour party. In the consequence it came to several large demonstrations and strikes. The conflict was terminated with the abolishment of the city council by Margaret Thatcher.
After the industriellen fall of the city in the 1970ern and 1980ern recovers thoseEconomics of Liverpool gradually. Particularly within the ranges services and tourism developed in the last years numerous jobs. The city sets particularly on the culture and the popularity of the Beatles coming from here; 2008 will be it European culture capital.
objects of interest
- Merseyside maritime museum - museum over navigation and slavery
- Albert Docks - historical harbor facility, restores, (among other things with a museum for the history of the Beatles - The the Beatles story -), point of anchor of the European route of the industrial culture (ERIH)
- Yellow submarine - the submarine from the of the same name,legendary Beatles Song
- The Anglican Cathedral - large one anglikanische church. Build 1904 under king Eduard VII., tower inspection possible.
- The novel Catholic metropolitan Cathedral - Roman-catholic cathedral, in a circle delighted
- would do Liverpool - folder would do Gallery with changing exhibitions of contemporary art
- pc. To John's Beacon
- Speke resound -Half timbered house complex in the south of Liverpool with garden plant. In the today's form from the year 1490-1612
- Anfield Road - stadium Liverpool of the F.C.
- Cavern club - legendary Rock'n'Roll club. Originally of 1957, again 1984 [
it give three of tunnel under the Mersey throughafter Birkenhead, one course tunnel and two of road tunnel. Over the river the Mersey ferry drives, famous become by the Song Ferry CROSS the Mersey of Gerry and the Pacemakers; it is played each mark, briefly before the ferry in the port puts on. 2002 used 716,000 passengersthe port. From here ferry boats operate to the Isle OF one and to Ireland.
In the year 2001 the airport Speke in Liverpool John Lennon air haven was renamed, in memory of John Lennon, which had been murdered accurately 20 years before. The Logo of theAirport consists of a sketch drawn by Lennon themselves and the words “Above US only sky” (over us only the sky), which originate from the famous Song “Imagine”.
Liverpool possesses rapid-transit railway - a similar rail traffic net named Merseyrail; the sections in the city centre are mostlyunderground. The Liverpool Overhead Railway, the first electric train of the world, was closed 1956. Likewise into the 1950ern the once expanded streetcar net disappeared; until 2008 are to develop a new streetcar system named Merseytram.
sons and daughters of the city
- smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Ansdell,English painter, that specialized in motives for animal
- Clive Barker, British writer and director
- Stephen Baxter, British author
- Ian Broudie, English Popmusiker and music producer
- Kim Cattrall, Canadian-US-American actress
- Arthur Hugh Clough, English writer
- John Horton Conway, English mathematician
- Tony Cragg, English artist
- Daniel Craig, English actor
- Rupert Davies, British actor („Maigret “)
- Terence Davies, British film director
- Albie Donnelly, Saxofonist and singer of the 1976 created group of superload
- Aynsley Dunbar, British Schlagzeuger
- Brian Epstein, manager of the Beatles
- Sonia Evans, English singer
- Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, British electrical engineer
- Robbie Fowler, English football player
- Billy Fury, English rock musician
- Steven Gerrard, captain Liverpool of the F.C.
- William Ewart Gladstone, British politician
- George Harrison, British musician (The the Beatles)
- Ian hard, BritishActor
- William Patrick Hitler, Neffe Adolf Hitler and the son of Alois Hitler junior
- Jason Isaacs, British actor
- Brian Jacques, British writer
- William Stanley Jevons, important English economist
- Holly Johnson, singer
- John Mercer Johnson, founder father of the Canadian Konföderation
- J.V. Jones, English Fantasy authoress
- John Lennon, British musician (The the Beatles)
- Julian Lennon, English musician and composer
- Gertrud Luckner, Christian Widerstandskämpferin, Pazifistin
- Paul McCartney, British singer, musician and composer (The the Beatles)
- David Morrissey, British actor
- Sir Simon Rattle, more famousBritish conductor, principal conductor of the citizens of Berlin Philharmonic
- Wayne Rooney, English football player
- harsh ore Louis Samuel, British politician and diplomat
- Anthony Shaffer, film script author
- Peter Shaffer, British dramatist 20. Jh.
- John Shackley, English actor
- John Shirley Quirk, English opera and Oratoriensänger
- Ringo rigid, British musician (The the Beatles)
- smelling pool of broadcasting corporations L. M. Synge, English chemist
- George Harrison, British musician (The the Beatles)
Web on the left of
- city administration Liverpool
- the Beatles museum of the city
- culture capital 2008
- world cultural heritage
- University OF Liverpool
- one day on the traces of the Beatles'
coordinates: 53° 25′N, 3° 0 ′ W