Lombok is an island in Indonesia. It is part of the small Sunda islands and is in the province Nusa Tenggara Barat. On 4,725 km ² large island live 2.4 million humans. The capital Mataram has approximately 360,000 inhabitants.
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the Lombokstrasse marks the biogeographical border between the animal and plant world of Australia and Asia in the west, between Bali and Lombok, with the Wallace line. In the east the Alas road runs after Palau Sumbawa.
The island is volcanic origin. It is surrounded by several smaller islands. The most well-known are the Gili Iceland, which are in the northwest. In the north-east Gili Lawang and Gili Sulat Lombok lie. The Hauptinsel is characterized by that 3,726 meters high volcano Rinjani, the third biggest in Indonesia. In the southern part a fruitful level rules, in the rice and coffee to cultivate itself. The rain time is of October until May, the dry period of June until Octobers.
to population the inhabitants predominantly to the Islam and are divided into 85% Sasaks, 10-15% Balinesen and a minority of Chinese, Arabs, Javanesen and Sumbawanesen. On Lombok high-Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) and different variations of the Sasak dialects (ngeno ngené, ngeto ngeté, meno mené and meriaq meriku) are spoken.
the first well-known society on Lombok was a kingdom of the Sasak. It splintered into smaller states and became starting from center 18. Century of balinesichen princes controls. The first dutchmen landed 1674 and settled later in the east of the island. They fought together with the Sasak in a bloody revolt 1891 against the Hindu dynasty from Bali, governing in the west. The revolt ended 1894 with the connection of the entire island to the Dutch colonial possession. In the Second World War the island was occupied 1942 by the Japanese. Since the declaration of independence of 17. August 1945 is Lombok part of Indonesia. During political unrests into the 1960er - years communists and members of the Chinese minority were killed.
the development Lomboks by the tourism as less overflowed alternative to Bali began around 1980. The tourist center developed furthest is around Senggigi and pulls themselves 10 km on the coastal road along. The Muslim coined/shaped island was considered so far often as more aggressively opposite tourists in the comparison to the neighbour Bali with its Hindu - tradition and was therefore less likes. In the meantime in addition, Lombok strives to promote the tourism. A set of comfortable hotels and good restaurants offer friendly service at usually favourable prices than on Bali. With baking packmen is the Gili Iceland likes, which one reaches from Lombok in a scarce hour on ferries or charter boats.
of the Selaparang air haven is in the capital Mataram. The driving passage from Lembar to Padang bay on Bali and lasts approximately 4 to 9 hours. From Labuhan Lombok after Poto Tano on Sumbawa needs a ferry boat 2 hours. In addition, like everywhere in Indonesia, the most important cities connect mini penalty.