Louis René de Caradeuc de La Chalotais

Louis René de Caradeuc de La Chalotais (* 6. March 1701 in Rennes; † 12. July 1785 in Rennes) was a French lawyer.

La Chalotais was sixty years long general power of attorney gate of the parliament of Brittany. It was more glowOpponent of the Jesuiten; it sketched a memorandum over the constitutions of the medal, which contributed much to its suppression in France to 1761 for the parliament. 1763 it published notice-notices Essai d'éducation national, in which it a program of scientific studies as replacement for thosefrom the Jesuiten suggested taught. In the same year the conflict between the land conditions of Brittany and the governor of the province, the duke Aiguillon began. The conditions refused agreeing the extraordinary deliveries which had been required by Aiguillon in the name of the king. La Chalotaisif a personal enemy was Aiguillons, and as which parliament of Brittany placed itself on the side of the conditions, it took the guide roller in its opposition. The parliament forbade the collection of taxes without agreement of the land conditions by decree. The king main header these decrees up,on which up to twelve all members of the parliament withdrew (October 1764 until May 1765). The government regarded La Chalotais as one the author of this affair.

At this time the undersecretary of state responsible for the affairs of the province received Louis Phelypeaux, duke from Vrilliere, Comte deSaint Florentin (1705 - 1777), two anonymous and insulting letters. La Chalotais was suspected it to have written and three experts for handwriting confirmed his authority. The government arrested therefore it, its son and four further members of the parliament. The arrest became more publicScandal, and one talked much of “the potentiometer mash”.Voltaire stated that that had been humiliated power of attorney gate in its prison in Saint Malo to write for lack of ink its defense with a Zahnstocher dipped into vinegar. Apparent this pure legend, but the public opinion was in wholeFrance was excited lastingly against the government. To 16. November 1765 was appointed a judge commission, in order to take over the process. La Chalotais considered the process illegal; as general power of attorney gate it took the right in requirement to get a negotiation in the parliament in Rennes or otherwisein the parliament of Bordeaux, in accordance with the habits of the province. The judges did not dare it to express a judgement on the basis of handwriting analyses and up to the end of the yearly still nothing had moved.

Ludwig XV.decided then for sovereigns an act and broughtthe affair before its advice, that decided without further formalities to send the accused one of into the exile. This makeshift intensified only the public agitation; Philosophers, members of the parliament, patriotic Bretonen and Jansenisten announced unanimous that La Chalotais the victim of the personal hate of the duke of Aiguillonand the Jesuiten became. The government gave way at the end and consented to recall the zurückgetrenen members of the parliament of Brittany again. When the parliament accumulated again, it required the recall for a formal accusation Aiguillons of La Chalotais. This was granted 1775, andLa Chalotais was permitted to hand its office to its son over.

In this affair the public opinion turned out as stronger than the absolutism of the king. It contributed much to the opposition against the power of the king and can as Präludium for the revolution of 1789are regarded. La Chalotais, which was personally a heated, arrogant and unsympathischer character, died 1785 in Rennes.


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)