Louis Vierne

Louis Victor Jules Vierne (* 8. October 1870 in Poitiers, † 2. June 1937 in Paris) was a French organist and composer.

Table of contents

lives

Louis Vierne and its brother René Vierne (* 1878; Pupil of his brother Louis and Charles Marie Widors; Organist at the church Notre lady the Champs in Paris; † 1918 as a soldier in the 1. World war) were sons of the journalist Henri Vierne.

Louis Vierne was nearly completely blindly born. The family pulled 1873 to Paris, where Louis' uncle Charles Colin discovered its musical gift and encouraged it to the piano play. At the age of seven years of Louis attained sufficiently sight, so that it could orient itself in the everyday life life to a large extent independently and read largeprinted writing.

Since 1880 Vierne received piano instruction with Henri woodpecker in Paris. In the same year he heard César Franck for the first time as organist in that Paris church Ste. Clotilde. It called this key experience later in its memoirs a “revealing”. 1881 occurred Vierne that Paris Blindeninstitut and became there from Henri woodpecker (piano) and Henri Adam (violin) informs. Starting from 1887 it received organ instruction with Louis Lebel and, after Lebels death two years later, with Adolphe Marty. Since 1889 Vierne took instruction in joint with César Franck. Its study at the Conservatoire de Paris, at which he had already before visited Francks organ class as a listener, it locked 1894 with its successors Charles Marie Widor with a first price in organ play and improvisation.

1892 appointed Widor its pupil Vierne the deputy at that Paris church pc. Sulpice. After Viernes first price in organ 1894 it became additionally Widors assistant in the organ class to Paris conservatoires. 1898 did not write its first organ info. ever OI to Vierne. 14. One year later he married the singer Arlette Taskin, of which it became again divorced 1909.

In the year 1900 Louis Vierne after one play with ten competitors the Titularorganisten of the cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris appointed, a place, which it held up to its death. Beyond that he worked as an assistant of Alexandre Guilmant, Widors successor as an organ professor to Paris conservatoires, and informed in this position numerous important organists of the following generation in France.

1911 quit its employment at the Conservatoire to Vierne and changed as an organ professor to church-musical Institut Schola Cantorum.

1906 had to completely again learn Vierne after a complicated leg break its pedal technology; it got sick to 1907 life-threateningly with typhoid fever, some years later with green star and went blind finally completely. Nevertheless Vierne undertook concert journeys by Europe and the United States, on which he stepped out also as brillianter Improvisator. Vierne died 1937 during an organ concert at the play table of its organ in Notre-Dame at the consequences of a brain impact.

compositions

organ solo

  • Allegretto OI. 1 (1894)
  • set fugué sur “in exitu Israel” (1894)
  • Prélude funèbre OI. 4 (1896)
  • COMM union OI. 8 (1900)
  • first symphony D-Moll, OI. 14 (1898-1899)
  • second symphony e-Moll, OI. 20 (1902)
  • third symphony fis Moll, OI. 28 (1911)
  • fair bass, OI. 30 (1912)
  • 24 of pièces EN style libre pour orgue ou harmonium, OI. 31 (1913)
  • fourth symphony g-Moll, OI. 32 (1914)
  • Prélude in fis Moll, without OI. (1914)
  • Fifth symphony A-Moll, op.47 (1923-1924)
  • 24 Pièces de fantaisie:
    • Première Suite OI. 51 (1926)
    • Deuxième Suite OI. 53 (1926)
    • Troisième Suite OI. 54 (1927)
    • Quatrième Suite OI. 55 (1927)
  • Trois improvisation (Notre lady de Paris, November 1928), transliterates from Maurice Duruflé (1954):
    • Marche épiscopale
    • Méditation
    • Cortège
  • Triptyque OI. 58 (1929-1931):
    • Matines
    • COMM union
    • Stèle pour un enfant défunt'
  • sixth symphony h-Moll, OI. 59 (1930)
  • fair bass pour les défunts, OI. 62 (1934)


piano solo

  • Deux Pièces, OI. 7:
    • Impression d'automne
    • Intermezzo
  • Feuillets d'album, OI. 9
  • Suite bourguignonne, OI. 17 (1899)
  • Trois Nocturnes, OI. 34 (1916)
  • Douze Préludes, OI. 36
  • Poème of the cloches funèbres, OI. 39 (1916)
  • Silhouettes d'enfants, OI. 43 (1918)
  • Solitude, OI. 44 (1918)
  • Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra, OI. 49 (1922)


chamber music

  • Deux Pièces for Violoncello, OI. 5
  • Largo et Canzonetta for oboe and piano, OI. 6 (1896)
  • caper quartet, OI. 12 (1894)
  • Sonate for violin and piano, OI. 23 (1905-1906)
  • rhapsody for harp, OI. 25 (1909)
  • Sonate for Violoncello and piano, OI. 27 (1910)
  • string quintet, OI. 42 (1917)
  • Soirs étrangers for Violoncello and piano, OI. 56 (1928)
  • Quatre of poèmes grecs for Sopran and harp or piano, OI. 60 (1930)


other compositions

  • fair brineal cis Moll for choir and two organs, OI. 16 (1900)
  • Praxinoé for Soli, choir and orchestra, OI. 22 (1903-1905)
  • symphony A-Moll for orchestra, OI. 24 (1907-1908)
  • Psyché for Sopran and orchestra, OI. 33 (1914)
  • Les Djinns for Sopran and orchestra, OI. 35 (1912)
  • Éros for Sopran and orchestra, OI. 37 (1916)
  • Spleens et Détresses for Sopran and piano or orchestra, OI. 38 (1916)
  • Dal Vertice for tenor and orchestra, OI. 41 (1917)
  • Poème for piano and orchestra, OI. 50 (1925)
  • La Ballade you désespéré for tenor and orchestra or piano, OI. 61 (1931)

bibliography

  • Berne pool of broadcasting corporations Gavoty: Louis Vierne. La vie et l'œuvre. Paris: Book/Chastel, 1943.
  • Markus F. Hollingshaus: The organ works by Louis Vierne. Cologne: Dohr, 2005. ISBN 3-936655-25-1.
  • Louis Vierne: Mes souvenir, Paris 1934-1937; German expenditure: My memories. Cologne: Dohr, 2004. ISBN 3-925366-93-8.

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