Aubrac was born as a daughter of a winegrower. It participated with success in the entrance examination to the École normal , in order to become teacher, refused however wearing a uniform why she had to earn their living costs with 17 years in a restaurant in Paris as Spülerin. There she came into contact to French communists. It sold newspapers and engaged themselves as Feministin, refused however as Nonkonformistin participating in training courses in Moscow. She became acquainted with young Poland, Hungary, Germans and Romanians, which were on the escape before the Nazis and the opportunity seized 1936 to travel from cause of the Olympiad to Germany where she became a witness of the Antisemitismus, which opened it the eyes for the danger of fascism finally. At the same time it continued its study of history and Geografie to the Sorbonne in Paris , until it worked after its permission as a teacher in Strasbourg, where it married 1939 it the young strassenbauingenieur Raymond Samuel, which admits after the Second World War as Raymond Aubrac became.
After the assault 1940 it joined the German armed forces on France and the defeat the Résistance group of Libération south in Lyon , which had created its married man. 1941 united this group with la the Vigerie de of Emmanuel D' Astier , in order to create the underground newspaper Libération. Later it followed it into the Armée secrète, the secret army of Charles Delestraint.
To 15. June 1943 was arrested Raymond Aubrac by the militia and released shortly thereafter again. To 21. June arrested the Gestapo Raymond Aubrac again, this mark as well as Jean Moulin in Caluire. Their married man became into the Montluc - prison kidnaps. To 21. Octobers 1943 released Lucie and her comrades its married man Raymond as well as thirteen other Résistants. Because they had been betrayed, Lucie with their first child and Raymond fled together in February 1944 to London. The name Aubrac was the last pseudonym, which they had used in France before their escape and which they kept thereafter.
In the end of the war Lucie Aubrac in the Konsultativversammlung the provisional government of Charles de Gaulle cooperated . It rejected each hero admiration and a political career. Their rank as a historical teacher was restored, whereupon it became active as a teacher again. Later it engaged itself in Morocco and Algeria than Menschenrechtsaktivistin.
1984 published Lucie Aubrac their memoirs under the French title „ILS partiront dans l' ivresse “(dt. They disappeared in the intoxication). The film Lucie Aubrac of 1997 of Claude Berri be based draws on the events with the release of its married man.
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|SHORT DESCRIPTION||French Widerstandskämpferin|
|DATE OF BIRTH||28. June 1912|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mâcon|