Ludwig Gumplowicz

Ludwig [Polish: Ludwik] Gumplowicz, * 9. March 1838 in Krakau, Poland, † 19. August 1909 in Graz, Austria, lawyer and professor on a training pulpit for state - and administrative law at the University of Graz, was one of the establishment fathers of the European sociology.

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Gumplowicz studied law in Krakau, became there a lawyer and journalist, began 1875 its academic training activity in Graz as a lecturer in administrative teachings, became 1882 extraordinary and 1893 tidy professor and died after a cancer illness as well as its wife 1909 by own hand.

work and effect

its origin from immediately of the many people state the Austria Hungary annektierten Republic of Krakau and from Jewish family made it early familiar and affected its lifelong occurring for the thing of the minorities in the Habsburgimperium, particularly with the problem of suppressed Ethnien the slawischsprachigen.
Sociologically in former times a representative of the later conflict sociology, he took „the groups “(in the linguistic usage at that time also „races “) to the starting point and saw the state than subjecting institution of certain in each case dominant groups (see: Elite). As macro-theoretically aligned analyzer it prognosticated its martial idiom in the case of the successful cultural integration of the minorities of a state outward and forecast 1909 in its work „the race conflicta world war . In its time it was considered as „social viennaist “.

Its political points of view and its polemisches temper supplied him numerous Polish and Italian students, so that he in Poland and Italy, in addition, in other crowning countries (today: Croatia, Tschechien) became theoretically important, not least in addition, in the German language area, because it published to the main thing on German. Among the scholars under its influence Gustav Ratzenhofer protrudes .

work selection

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