Ludwig Thoma

Ludwig Thoma (* 21. January 1867 in upper bunting gau; † 26. August 1921 in Tegernsee, buried in rot oh at the Tegernsee) was a German writer, by its partly realistic, partly sow-Irish descriptions of the Bavarian everyday lifeand the political events of his time became popular.


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lives

Ludwig Thoma as a fourth child of a Försters one bore. The first years of its lifespent he in the forestry house front tear to the Isar the close animal oiler border, an at that time very remote and lonely area. Briefly after the family moved to Forstenried with Munich, Ludwig was only six years old, died the father. Now had itselfthe nut/mother with seven children alone pierce, Ludwig got a guardian. Already as pupils it sat down against illusory authority and illusory moral violently to the resistance, which had as a consequence that he had to change frequently the school. Thus it visited the High Schoolsin land chair /Pfalz, Neuburg at the Danube, castle living, Munich and land hat, where it existed 1886 the Abitur. One of its most popular works, the Lausbubengeschichten, essentially decrease/go back to experiences during its school time.

Thoma would like - howits father - Förster become and began a study of the forest science in Aschaffenburg, fallow it however after the first year off and changed on jurisprudence, which it studied in Munich and attaining. During its study at the Ludwig Maximilians universityin Munich it became member in the student connection Corps Suevia Munich.

1890 - 1893 he was a junior lawyer in trusting stone. 1894 died its nut/mother, in the same year left it as an attorney in DAK-strike themselves down. Here he learned “itsFarmers " know, whom it described in further consequence so appropriate.it pulled 1897 over to Munich, where it came with the coworkers of the 1896 of Albert Langen created sow-Irish weekly revue Simplizissimus into contact. First publications in this magazine followedunder the alias “Peter Schlemihl”.1899 it gave its activity up as an attorney and became firm coworker of the Simplizissimus, one year later its editor-in-chief.

In the next years journeys followed by Europe and an active literary activity, and. A.the plays “the medal” and “the local railway”.1905 he married the 25-year old dancer Marietta di Rigardo , called Marion, born on the Philippines, one for times at that time very much emanzipierte young woman. The marriage did not go for a long time well, too differently was thoseTempers of the two, Marion appreciably bored itself, it undertook side jumps. 1910 the marriage divorced, the two remained gotten used to however.

1906 became Thoma as well as Hermann Hessian publisher of the magazine “March”. In the same year it became because of one in“Simplizissimus” published poem “because of offense of some members of a morality association” to six weeks detention condemned, which it had to serve in barn home with Munich. 1908 had one of its largest successes, the comedy “moral”, premiere. Here it left a representative of a morality association -which committed a bad misdemeanour against the principles of such an association - to say: “Its, I manage moral in my room alone, but that does not have educational value. The main thing is that one itself publicly to moral principlesadmits. That affects favorably on family, the state. “

it drew 1908 into its own house “on the Tuften” in rot oh at the Tegernsee.

Thomas's convicition was so far one rather left liberals, and wore he so far with often biting criticismSociety, church and state held back, then did not change this with beginning of the First World War. The “Simplizissimus” became increasingly toothless, and Thoma could not extract itself from the general enthusiasm for war. It announced itself voluntarily as a medic to the front, got sick heavilyat the Ruhr and became active service unfit. The lost war was too much for it, Thoma did not understand the world any longer, withdrew themselves forbidding third into its house.

it met 1918 the Maidi of dear man, originating from the Jewish sparkling wine dynasty protect Belmont, alsowhich it had already met 1904 once. Thoma was inflamed in violent love for it and deplored its fate it to its wife to have taken not already at that time. Up to its death it should recruit violently it, it was it much obliged, could not decide however to pull completely to it.

1916 - 1921 developed numerous works. For the “Miesbacher indicator “he wrote numerous anonymous inflammatory articles against the government in Berlin, against the social-democracy,also with anti-Semitic Untertönen. Thoma died 1921 in its house at the Tegernsee at stomach cancer. The largest part of its considerable fortune it bequeathed Maidi of dear man, in addition, his divorced Mrs. Marion received a not inconsiderable sum.

Works

over Ludwig Thoma

  • Fritz Heinle, Ludwig Thoma, rororo bildmonographien, Hamburg, 1963
  • Peter Haage, Ludwig Thoma, citizen fright and people writer, Heyne biographies, Munich, 1975


Ludwig Thomas's works are coined/shaped ofExpose an illusory moral, likewise Preussentums exaggerated by weaknesses and stupidity in the spiessbürgerlichen environment or. A thorn in the eye were it in its work also Provinzialismus and the klerikale policy in the Kingdom of Bavaria. As brilliant become with humorand satire peppered narrations or one-act play from the rural and smallurban life circle in Upper Bavaria outstandingly. The unsentimentalen descriptions of agrarian life in the novels succeeded probably particularly life near, because Thoma from its attorney activity an abundance of views in line with standard usage of thoseLife circumstances in the country to win knew.


see also

Wikisource: Ludwig Thoma - source texts

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Ludwig Thoma - quotations
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