Ludwigshafen on the Rhine

of these articles describes the city Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. For the municipality at the Bodensee, see Bodman Ludwigshafen.
Coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Ludwigshafen am Rhein Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Ludwigshafen am Rhein in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Rhineland-Palatinate
circle: Circle-free city
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 28 ' 52 " N, 8° 26 ' 7 "O
49° 28 ' 52 " N, 8° 26 ' 7 " O
height: about 96 m and. NN
surface: 77.68 km ²
inhabitants: 163.574 (31. October 2005)
Unemployment ratio: 13.9% (January 2006)
number of unemployed: 10.702 (January 2006)
population density: 2,106 inhabitantsfor each km ²
foreigner portion: 19.7%
postal zip codes: 67001-67071 (old: 6700)
Preselections: 0621 and 06237
Kfz characteristics: LU
LU-AA for BASF - vehicles
municipality keys: 07 3 14 000
city arrangement: 10 local parts
of the city administration:
Town hall square 20
67059 Ludwigshafen toRhine
Internet side:
E-Mail address:
Oberbürgermeisterin: EH Lohse (CDU)
majority a party: CDU

Ludwigshafen on the Rhine ([ˈluɖ…]) is the city of Rhineland-Palatinate, second largest to Mainz.

Ludwigshafen is a circle-free city and administrative seat of the Rhine Pfalz circle(until 2003 district Ludwigshafen). It went out of the former Mannheimer Rhine-digs out, is because of the left Rhine bank opposite the city of Baden-Wuerttemberg Mannheim and is above all admits through the BASF, which has here its seat.

As one of the five upper centersthe country Rhineland-Palatinate forms Ludwigshafen together with its neighbour city of Baden-Wuerttemberg Mannheim the core of the European Metropolregion Rhine Neckar triangle. Further nearer-lying large cities are Heidelberg (about 25 km southeast), Karlsruhe (about 50 km south) and Mainz (about 60 km north).

The number of inhabitantsthe city the border of 100.000 crossed Ludwigshafen on the Rhine by the year 1925, whereby it became within one century since its establishment in the year 1853 the large city.

Table of contents


Ludwigshafen lies in the Auen at the left Rhine bank of the upper Rhine ditch, in relation to the delta of the Neckars into the Rhine.


Ludwigshafen has a very mild and dry climate. In the summer it, stifling by the proximity the Rhine, becomes often above average oppressive. In addition stronger tempests look for the city home, those from the southwest to in this seasonThe west approach. Snow falls only rarely and in the autumn can it in the morning become rather foggy. In the summer it becomes very warm for German conditions (often over 34 degrees, highest 40.2 degrees measured up to now) and the precipitation falls as thunderstorm.In the winter it often rains, snow falls at the earliest on the average - late winters, usually in January - at the beginning of of February.

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border on the city Ludwigshafen, them become beginning in the clockwise direction inThe east mentioned:

Mannheim (circle-free city in Baden-Wuerttemberg), Altrip, new yards, Limburgerhof, nut/mother city as well as Fussgönheim and max village (convention community max village) (everything duly to the Rhine Pfalz circle) and Frankenthal (Pfalz) (circle-free city).

city arrangement

quarter well
Wappen der Stadtteile im Stadtmuseum
coat of arms thatLudwigshafen is arranged
quarters in the city museum Rhine bank

south with Ostasieninstitut the city of Ludwigshafen into 10 local parts in accordance with § 2 of the main statute of the city. In each local part there is of 7 to 15 members consisting a local adviser and a local chief. The local advisers are to important to hear affairs concerning the local part. The final decision over a measure is incumbent on then however the local council of the entire town Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. The local parts are partially in further quarters and/or statistic districts subdivided.This organization serves only statistic purposes.

local parts with its associated quarters and/or districts


Rheinschanze, 1834

the area Ludwigshafen is already since very in former times time settled. Within the range of the local part Rheingönheim the Roman castellet Rufiniana existed. By the Gemarkung of the local parts Maudach and Oggersheim the important Roman road ledfrom Speyer to Worms.

1607 create cure prince Friedrich IV. of the Pfalz on the west bank of the Rhine the Mannheimer Rhine-dig as bridgehead of the fortress Mannheim. She is continued to develop after the reestablishment of the city Mannheim 1720. The fortress becomesbetween 1799 and 1804 of France geschleift.

Rheinschanze 1834

1811 develops here a private ship landing strip on the Rhine. To the Viennese congress 1815 comes those west the Rhine convenient Pfalz to Bavaria. The area of the later city Ludwigshafen belongsthus first to the district and/or canton nut/mother city of the Landkommissariats Speyer in the Rhine circle.

Starting from 1820 a private trading firm on the area, which is acquired 1843 by the Bavarian state, develops. This designates it in honours of king Ludwig I. by Bavaria in Ludwigshafen over and supports the rapid Aufsiedelung as Gegenpol to the city of Baden Mannheim. Nine years later the rising settlement is explained to a district as an independent municipality within the Landkommissariats Speyer, today comparably, those with effect of 14. April 1853formally one establishes. Their Gemarkungsfläche amounts to 366 hectars, which receive her as follows: 240 hectars of the municipality Friesenheim and 126 hectars of the municipality mouth home. Both places become late in in common December.

1852 lent king Maximilian II. Ludwigshafen the rightsa municipality:

Ludwig I. by Bavaria
his majesty the king the education of its own political municipality Ludwigshafen, consisting of the settlements to Ludwigshafen, the Hemshöfen, whole and tubing laughter yards, so then the Gräfenau, have furthermore the spell department between thatMunicipalities Friesenheim, mouth home and Ludwigshafen allergnädigst to approve rested. “

To 8. November 1859 is raised the municipality Ludwigshafen to the city and forms starting from 1860 its own district within the Landkommissariats Speyer. To 8. May 1865 becomes the concessionSettlement of the company BASF gives. This company had not been established as “aniline and Sodafabrik of Baden”, however granted by the Mannheimer local council an area had briefly before gotten, why the company “of Baden” moved to Ludwigshafen into the Pfalz. From their becomes latera company operating world-wide, which coins/shapes the face of the city and their history until today lastingly.

1882 receive the city for the distinction from other places of the same name the name additive “on the Rhine” and 1886 become the past Landkommissariat Speyer into an office for districtconverted and at the same time divided. Thus Ludwigshafen becomes seat of its own office for district, from which the district Ludwig port (today Rhine Pfalz circle) comes out later.

1891 are integrated those north the city convenient municipality Friesenheim. Follow to 1974 further incorporations.

1920 become Ludwigshafencircle-directly, i.e. it separates from the district Ludwigshafen, however first still remains under the financial autonomy of the district. The mayor receives the title mayor.1925 become Ludwigshafen large city.

In the Second World War Ludwigshafen as well as Mannheim becomes nearly perfectly throughAir raids destroys. One built the city in the new style.

In the course of the Rhineland-Palatinian regional reorganization 1974 the municipality Ruchheim is integrated. Thus the city achieves its current expansion.


level clock on the park island

formerly independent citiesand municipalities, which were integrated into the city Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. In the case of establishment of the municipality Ludwigshafen 1853 the Gemeindegebiet covered only 366 hectars.

Year of places increase in hectar
of 1. December 1891 Friesenheim 772
1. December 1899 mouth home 1,027
1. April1938 Oppau (city; with at the 1. April 1929 Edigheim ) 1,677 1
eingemeindeten. April 1938 Oggersheim (city) 1,087
1. April 1938 Maudach 787
1. April 1938 Rheingönheim 1,172
17. March 1974 Ruchheim 961

inhabitant development

1888 hadLudwigshafen of 25,000 inhabitants, until 1899 doubled itself this number on more than 50.000. In the year 1925 the number of inhabitants of the city exceeded the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. 1965 reached the total population with approximately 180,000 their historical highest level.At the end of June to 2005 lived in Ludwigshafen after official updating 163,274 humans with main domicile.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. It concerns census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administrationeven. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to „the population at the place of the main dwelling “.

Einwohnerentwicklung der Stadt Ludwigshafen
Inhabitant development of the city Ludwigshafen
year inhabitant
3. December 1843 ¹ 90
3. December 1852 ¹ 1,520
3. December 1861 ¹ 3,300
3. December 1864 ¹ 3,900
3. December 1867 ¹ 4,887
1. December 1871 ¹ 7,830
1. December 1875 ¹ 12,093
1. December 1880 ¹ 15,000
1. December 1885 ¹ 21,042
1. December 1890 ¹ 28,768
2. December 1895 ¹ 39,799
1. December 1900 ¹ 61,914
1. December 1905 ¹ 72,286
1. December 1910 ¹ 83,301
1. December 1916 ¹ 81,728
5. December 1917 ¹ 83,193
8. October 1919 ¹ 90,721
16. June 1925 ¹ 101,869
year inhabitant
16. June 1933 ¹ 107,344
17. May 1939 ¹ 144,425
31. December 1945 101,001
29. October 1946 ¹ 106,556
13. September 1950 ¹ 123,869
25. September 1956 147,557
6. June 1961 ¹ 165,761
31. December 1965 179.155
27. May 1970 ¹ 176,031
31. December 1975 170,374
31. December 1980 159,399
31. December 1985 153,654
25. May 1987 ¹ 156,601
31. December 1990 161,173
31. December 1995 167,369
31. December 2000 162,233
30. June 2005 163.274

¹ census result


the area of the city Ludwigshafen belonged to the Pfalz and was thereby predominantly an Evangelist area. But also Roman-catholic inhabitants tightened already briefly after establishment of the municipality, so that both denominations represent relatively balancedwere.

The Evangelist inhabitants belonged at first to the church municipalities Oggersheim and/or Frankenthal (Pfalz), before they received 1862 their first independent church municipality. 1913 were created the Evangelist Dekanat Ludwigshafen within the Evangelist church of the Pfalz (Protestant regional church), to that today allEvangelist church municipalities of the city belong, it is it is members of a free church.

The Roman-catholic inhabitants belonged at first to the Pfarreien Friesenheim, mouth home and Oppau, before they received 1857 their first independent Pfarrei. Around 1913 the catholic Stadtdekanat Ludwigshafen developedwithin the Diözese Speyer, to which today all catholic Pfarrgemeinden of the city belongs. By immigrants were added in the last 10 - 20 years also different religions.


city hall

of city heads and town councillor

onLudwigshafen a honorary, starting from 1896 a full-time mayor since establishment of the municipality 1853, stood for the point of the municipality (and/or city) who received the title starting from 1920 mayors.

municipality and city heads

with the municipal elections of 13. June 2004 resulted the following result:

  1. CDU 42.9%(- 0.0) - 26 seats (=)
  2. SPD 32.6% (- 8.6) - of 20 seats (- 5)
  3. REP 8.8% (+3,5) - of 5 seats (+3)
  4. alliance 90/Die the Green 6.0% (+1,7) - 4 seats (+1)
  5. FWG 5.5% (+1,5) - 3 seats (=)
  6. FDP 4.1% (+1,7) - 2Seats (+2)

the parliamentary groups of CDU and SPD co-operate since 2001 in the advice, however no official coalition formed.

coat of arms

ehemaliges Wappen aus dem Jahr 1900
former coat of arms from the year 1900

the coat of arms of the city Ludwigshafen shows a lowered in redgolden anchor. The city colors are red yellow-red.

The anchor as symbol of the navigation is the city at the Rhine harbour sense-figurative. The today's coat of arms became to 14. September 1937 of the realm governor in Bavaria approves. The anchor was also in the 1. Coat of arms of the cityfrom the year 1853 shown. With the incorporation of neighboring places changed also the coat of arms 1895 and again 1900. The coats of arms at that time showed fourth-hasty coat of arms sign with anchor, lozenges and spades and/or anchor, lozenges, spades and keys.1937 one reduced the coat of arms pictures on the anchor alone. The city colors, which usually from the coat of arms colors only 1895 became to be derived officially authorized.

a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities Ludwigshafen with the following cities:

economics and infrastructure

work on []

Chemical industry

BASF multistoried building

in Ludwigshafen is the master seat of the BASF, which operates here the largest coherent chemistry location of the world - arranged into more than 300 individual enterprises -. In the surrounding field of the BASF and by expenditure roundnesses further have themselvesChemistry enterprise such as z. B. the Abbott GmbH and the Raschig GmbH settled.

resident enterprise

Pfalzwerke AG
  • Abbott GmbH & Co.KG
  • Berkel Pfälzi Spritfabrik GmbH & Co.KG Alkoholrafinerie
  • UC Giulini chemistry GmbH & cost. OHG
  • Franz Kehl operating GmbH
  • glass - Mayer GmbH & cost. Kg
  • ISD - Industry service for data processing GmbH
  • J. Angel man AG
  • Kamb electro-technology GmbH
  • Keipp electrical civil engineering GmbH
  • long & Peitler automation GmbH
  • the medium union (Rheinpfalz)
  • MD Medicus total one. f.medical service achievements ltd.
  • Pfalzwerke AG
  • PLANEX tarpaulins, tents, resounding GmbH
  • private brewery Gebr. Mayer
  • radio RPR GmbH & cost. Kg
  • of Raschig GmbH
  • straining CCIT Benckiser
  • Saint Gobain G & H AG
  • SHE information technology AG
  • Sterling SIHI GmbH
  • technical works Ludwigshafen AG
  • VR BANK EEC, Ludwigshafen


road system around Ludwigshafen and Mannheim


by the northern city leads the federal motorway 6 Saarbruecken Nuremberg. In the west of the city the federal motorway leads 61 Speyer Koblenz past. Furthermore here those begin A 65 toward new city at the crying race and A 650 toward bath Dürkheim. The following federal highways lead by the city: of the south northward B 9, toward the west B 37 after bath Dürkheimand toward the south B 44.


the main station, 1967 as “the most modern station of Europe” inaugurated, makes 2003 the rapid-transit railway yard Ludwigshafen center competition for December. In addition gives it quarter stations in Oggersheim, mouth home and Rheingönheim as well as a work stationon the area of the BASF.

Since 14. December 2003 opens the rapid-transit railway Rhine Neckar the entire Rhine-Neckar area with lines into the Westpfalz, the desert forest and to south Hessen leads.


rapid-transit railway lines

the public local passenger traffic supply several strassenbahnlinien that Transporting enterprises Ludwigshafen (VBL), the Rhine Haardtbahn (RHB) the MVV traffic as well as Buslinien of several transporting enterprises. All public means of transport are to be used for uniform prices within the traffic group Rhine Neckar (VRN). In the 70's-years one planned the building underground of the net Mannheim Ludwigshafen, however outCost reasons not to be realized could. The project underground Mannheim Ludwigshafen was never completed. The underground stations built up to then today by normal streetcars are served and not with metropolitan railways. The platform height amounts to 35cm, planned was 80-90cm high platforms and 80m for a long timeUnderground stations. Underground one and overhead railway stations in Mannheim & Ludwigshafen: Ludwigshafen main station, city hall center I, city hall center II, Danziger place, Hemshofstrasse, east exit (main station), Dalberg, garden route, Rhine route.


Ludwigshafen is seat of radio RPR, the oldest private broadcasting station of South West German country. Besideshere the SWR operated a Studio. As daily paper the main expenditure of the Rheinpfalz , a regional newspaper with numerous expenditures for restaurant appears in the whole Pfalz.

In Ludwigshafen started at the 1. January 1984 with the cable pilot project Ludwigshafen the private television and thus that binary broadcast system in Germany. From a Kellerstudio the transmitter PC took up its transmit mode, from which one year of late SAT.1 became.


Ostasieninstitut der FH Ludwigshafen
Ostasieninstitut of the FH Ludwigshafen

professional schools

in Ludwigshafen gives it to two professional schools:

The nearest university is the University of Mannheim on the opposite Rhine side.

High Schools

six-form high schools

  • Anne franc six-form high school
  • Karolina citizen six-form high school
  • Kopernikus six-form high school
  • six-form high school Edigheim

integrated comprehensive school Ernst Bloch (IGSLO)


  • Adolf Diesterweg school
  • hauptschule Edigheim
  • seriousness Reuter school
  • Pestalozzischule
  • hauptschule mouth home
  • Wittelsbachschule
  • William Leuschner school

culture and objects of interest

theatres andOrchestras

  • theatre in the Pfalzbau (without own ensemble)
  • studio stage tip
  • prince regent theatre at the Hemshof
  • theatre Hemshof box
  • national philharmonic concert hall Rhineland-Palatinate - the orchestra was created 1919 in Ludwigshafen. It worked among other things with premieres of works of Werner Egk, Giselher sticks and Wolfgang Rihm also.


von Joan Miró gestaltete Wand am Wilhelm-Hack-Museum
of Joan Miró arranged wall at the William chopping museum
  • mayor Ludwig enriching house (art association)
  • seriousness Bloch center exhibition over Ernst Bloch (Bloch archives) and drawing of a bill
  • local history museum in Friesenheim (culture history)
  • Karl petrol brown museum in Oppau (culture history)
  • Schillerhaus in Oggersheim (Friedrich Schiller Erstdrucke)
  • City museum Ludwigshafen (urban history)
  • William chopping museum (Gondorfer find, the Middle Ages, classical modern trend and graphic cabinet)


Faktor Haus am Berliner Platz
factor house at the citizen of Berlin place

art in the public area

Lutherbrunnen von Barbara und Gernot Rumpf
Luther well of Barbara and Gernot trunk

other objects of interest

regular meetings


honour citizen

the list is incompletely

Helmut Kohl

Söhne und Töchter der Stadt


  • Kathrin Bräuer: Ludwigshafen. A book of pictures in color. Photo of Johannes cock. Waiting mountain, Gudensberg same one 2000 ISBN 3-86134-593-5
  • Siegfried Fauck: History of the city Ludwigshafen on the Rhine in data. 2. A. City archives, Ludwigshafen 1989 ISBN 3-924667-14-4
  • city bibliography Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. Volume 1 = features until 1990. Jürgen Nürnberger, Ludwigshafen 1993 ISBN 3-929153-03-3
  • city bibliography Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. Volume2 = features 1991-1995 and enter afterwards. Jürgen Nürnberger, Ludwigshafen 1998 ISBN 3-929153-06-8
  • city bibliography Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. Volume 3 = features 1996-2000 and enters afterwards. Jürgen Nürnberger, Ludwigshafen 2004 ISBN 3-929153-09-2 [so far 9284 bibliographies]
  • city bibliography Ludwigshafen on the Rhine. Volume 4= features and enter afterwards 2001-2005. Jürgen Nürnberger, Ludwigshafen [in preparation July 2006, every 5 years] city book Rhineland-Palatinate
  • and Saarland appear periodic. Volume IV 3. Volume from German city book. Manual of urban history. Stuttgart 1964

See also

Web on the left of

Commons: Ludwigshafen on the Rhine - pictures, videos and/or audio files


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