Lukas Watzenrode (son)
the brother of the nut/mother of Nikolaus Kopernikus was called likewise Lukas Watzenrode (junior) and was the uncle of the Kopernikus. He became prince bishop of the Ermlandes and defended this almost independent catholic country in the city wars of the prereformation. He took over the education of the children of Kopernikus (senior), as parents early died and sent Nikolaus Kopernikus likewise after Bologna to the study, in order, to be become as it, prince bishop.
When Nicolaus doing gene, which died bishop of the Ermlandes, in the year 1489, followed the junior Lukas Watzenrode. As a prince bishop he was with the other imperial realm princes and as her on an equal footing governed he its country. Watzenrode was chosen, but Elizabeth von Habsburg and its man, Kasimir IV., wanted to have appointed its son Friedrich the bishop von Ermland. They wanted the government of the German medal to remove, in order to annektieren Prussia to Litauen Poland obligatorily. Watzenrode was geweiht however by the Pope as bishop and a ruler of the Ermlandes. Kasimir IV. tried it with conquests and in the year 1492 continued to plan it the military assumption. Its death defeated however this plan. The Ermland remained a exemtes diocese.
Watzenrode knew now a friendly neighborly relationship to the sons Kasimirs Johann Albrecht, then Alexander, then Sigismund I. hold. It was also several times their councellor and maintained at the same time a good working group with the German medal, but if necessary, he defended the independent status of the Ermlandes.
Watzenrode created a school in woman castle and planned a university in Elbing. It maintained a large book collection and used themselves for the fact that the first literature books for the Ermland diocese were printed. He was also an art lover and donated a large number of paintings, sculptures, altars etc.
Since the death of Nicolas Kopernikus (senior) 1483 had educated Watzenrode of its children. Kopernikus again helped to receive his uncle between 1503 to 1510 the Kanonat. The income helped Kopernikus to undertake its astronomical studies independently. As administrator and a studied physician Kopernikus in a the position was to out-assign free medical assistance.
- library Danzig, J. Kretzmer, dear one de episcopatu et episcopi Varmiensis ex vetusto Chronico Bibliotheca Heilsbergensis, 1593
- Christoph Hartknoch, Prussian church Historia, Frankfurt A.M., 1668
- M.G. Centner, honouring and scholar Thorner, Thorn 1763
- A. Semrau, “catalog of the sexes of the jury and the advice chair in the old part of town Thorn 1233-1602”, in: Reports of the Copernicus association for science and art to Thorn 46 (1938)
- Wojciech Iwanczak, “Lucas Watzenrode”, into biographically - bibliographic church encyclopedia, Bautz publishing house
- Poczet biskupów warmińskich, Olsztyn 1998
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Lukas Watzenrode (junior)|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||prince bishop of the Ermlandes|
|DATE OF BIRTH||30. October 1447|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Thorn, Kulmerland, Prussia|
|DYING DATE||29. March 1512|
|DYING PLACE||Thorn, Kulmerland, Prussia|