|of these articles is concerned with the southSwedish city, other meanings under Lund (term clarifying)|
Lund [lēnd] is a city in care (Sweden). Lund is a student city (more than one third of the inhabitants are students) with numerousCafés and cosy park and fronts. Lund is considered as cultural center of the south; the city has 73,840 inhabitants (conditions 2000) and is the principal place of the municipality Lund.
Table of contents
Lund applies with Sigtuna as one of the oldest citiestoday's Sweden.
The name Lund (Scandinavian for Hain) points on the fact that the place had cultural meaning already to the Wikingerzeit. In the nordischen mythology became and. A. holy Haine and sources admire. The settlement at that time lay however still in Uppåkra, southwest the today'sLunds. Lund is mentioned in the oldest history of the north as a city powerful by navigation and trade.
With introduction of the Christianity around 1050 Lund became a Christian center. Greater importance received it, thanit 1060 bishop seat became. 1085 were created here the Katedralskolan, of Scandinavia oldest school.
in the year 1103 was established in Lund the oldest cathedral of Scandinavia, and the city became 1104 seat of the archbishop first by Scandinavia and then, after Norway 1152 and Sweden 1164independent ore dioceses became, from Denmark. The archbishop laid claims on the Suprematie up to the reformation over all nordischen Prälaten. In these times Lund was religious and in certain sense also the lay capital of the Danish realm (metropolis Daniae), its coinsin Lund and its kings were impressed there on the pc. Liboriushöhe of huldigen left; also the archbishops knew to make their influence valid both with the will of the king and against him. Except a cathedral Lund possessed 21 churches and 6 monasteries, allrichly equipped.
In the Middle Ages Lund remained one of the most important cities of Denmark, lost however with the ascent mark MOS in 15. Century at meaning: After only the campaign of Karl VIII.ofSweden had shifted it completely after care 1452 the prosperity of the city a heavy impact, sank by the reformation into a condition of purge and Bedeutungslosigkeit. With exception of the cathedral and the monastic church pc. Peders were down-torn the remaining churches, which purged houses, and whichPlaces remained vacant.
In this condition the city was surrendered to 1658 together with completely care to Sweden, and the following war years under Karl XI. (Victory that Sweden with Lund in December 1676 and peace between Sweden and Denmark to 6. October 1679) and Karl XII. completed their purge. It lasted for a long time, to Lund - particularly by the 1666 created university - again supraregional meaning won. Here Pufendorf 1672 published its universal ethics. It was human and democratic, came however too early and met with in the people no response, ittherefore utopia remained.
as Lund in 12. and 13. Century the seat of the archbishop was developed, in and with the city many churches and monasteries. Temporarily there were 27 churches in Lund. In the course of the reformation a majority of the religious becameBuilding torn off. The medieval structure of the road system retained itself however into the today's time.
up to the end 19. Century consisted the land development mainly of half timbered houses. Afterwards many small buildings were replaced with multi-storey houses. From this time originateamong other things main building of the university, the university library and the Grand hotel. In 20. Century had one plans for a transformation of the city. Thus one decided 1958 to tear several houses off of the city center for a large road connection. Where with the outline one began findsone today larger fallow lands.1968 one decided however to give the existing plans up. Also the misalignment of shopping centres to the periphery of the city was rejected long time. The first such mechanism developed only 2002 (new facts Lund).
In Lund there are several parks,whereby Lundagård is the most central. In the Lundagård every four years a Karneval of the students of Lunds university takes place. Further are the city park and the Botani garden of importance.
objects of interest
landmarks of the city is the Roman cathedral (domkyrkan).
Is culturalthe city outstanding equipped: Beside the exciting art museum Skissernas museum is worthwhile itself also the open air museum cultures in the middle in the city.
Lund is also starting point for Fahradausflüge by care.
education and science
the University of Lund are today with 38.000 students (2003) in sevenFaculties the largest university of Sweden.
An important student custom are the fixed removals of the Lundakarnevalen, which takes place each fourth year.
sons and daughters of the city
- Magnus Gustafsson, former Swedish tennis player
- Joachim Johansson, Swedish tennis professional
- dock man victory course, Swedish physicist
- max of Sydow, Swedish actor
- Martin dahlias, former football player
Web on the left of
|Commons: Lund - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
coordinates: 55° 42 ' 10 " N, 13° 11 ' 35 "O