Luther city joke mountain
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Saxonia-Anhalt|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 52 ′ N, 12° 39 ′ O 51° 52 ′ N, 12° 39 ′ O
|height:||67 m and. NN|
|surface:||128.93 km ²|
|inhabitants:||46.837 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||364 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip code:||06886|
|municipality key:||15 1 71 077|
|address of the city administration:|| Luther route 56|
06886 joke mountain
|mayor:||Hitting a corner hard Naumann (SPD)|
the Luther city joke mountain is district town of the district joke mountain in the eastern part of the German Land of the Federal Republic Saxonia-Anhalt. Outstanding meaning attained joke mountain as one of the most important German centers of political, culture-historical and artistic efforts in 16. Century. Thoseworld-famous reformation places in the old part of town and in different epochs buildings developed form the architecturally rich picture of the city. The effect places Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthons and Lucas Cranachs are already visited for centuries by international guests. The Luther house, that Melanchthonhaus, which are city and castle church as Luther memorial places since 1996 part of the world cultural heritage of the UNESCO. Joke mountain was capital of the Saxonian cure circle and once herzogliche and kurfürstliche residence of Saxonia.
Table of contents
from beginning to 1200
excavation finds from different epochs of mankind history on the territory of the Luther city joke mountain leave already a earlytemporal settlement of the city before zirka 10,000 yearsrecognize. With that 10. Century begins also for joke mountain the time, in which historical realizations from chronicles, documents and other written representations can be attained. One regards this time as the first phase of the ostelbischen rule establishment of German Feudalherren on altsorbischen settlement area.In a document of 12. April 965 (with that it however probably around a falsification out of the year 1000 acts) experience we that the area, in which the today's Luther city joke mountain is is called the gau Nizizi. Thisextended from the deltas of the black Elster (in the east) up to the delta of the hollow (in the west), into the Elbe. The first reliable mentions, which apply to the direct territory of the today's Luther city joke mountain, originate from the year 973/1004 the today's become local parts Pratau ( Broth) there and 1004 Seegrehna (Grodisti) mentions. The first mention of the name joke mountain is possibly already in the year 1174, when a count Thiedrich von Wittburc is called, to that obvious the Burgwardin a document of bishop Balderan of Brandenburg for the monastery Leitzkau around 1187 mentioned burchwardum… Joke castle was, in which a church is likewise mentioned, which is to be regarded as forerunners of the today's town church.
of 1200to 1500
- 1212 after the death by Bernhard I. divide the sons Heinrich and Albrecht the possession. Albrecht I. the area inherits around joke mountain and.
- 1260 Albrecht II.receivesand joke mountain becomes its residence.
- 1261 originate in to 1293 joke mountain in joke mountain a Franziskanerkloster (at the today's
- arsenal place ) receive to 27. June von Herzog Albrecht II the municipal law.
- 1304 Rudolf I. forbids for the first time the stay of Jews in the city.
- 1338 Rudolf I. permission for the establishment of the pin church receives „to all holy one” .
- 1346 the castle church one subordinates to the jurisdiction of the Pope.
- The market right receives 1354 joke mountain.
- 1356 in the golden one bull confirm emperors Karl IV. the duke of Saxonia joke mountain Rudolf I. those. Joke mountain becomes kurfürstliche residence.
- 1422 with cure prince Albrecht III. the Wittenberger line of the Askanier becomes extinct .
- 1423 the cure principality Saxonia will transfer the Wettiner Friedrich the contentious one.
- A light timber bridge leaves 1428 cure prince Friedrich the gentle-courageousbuild over the Elbe.
- 1429 Hussiten are the Wittenberger suburb into fire, attack however the city in vain.
- 1439 consecration of the town church developed in three building phases sank Marien.
- 1485 Leipziger division. The Wettiner Ernst and Albrecht divides thatSaxonian country under itself on (Ernestini and Albertini line). Ernst takes over the duchy Saxonia joke mountain and thereby the connected, as well as the country Thuringia.
- 1487 building of a new Elbbrücke.
- 1490 - 1512 in place of the old Askanierschlosses leave cure prince Friedrichits new residence lock and the new pin church all-holy to the way establish.
from 1500 to 1600
- 1502 to 18. October takes place the establishment of the university „Leucorea” via cure prince Friedrich thatWays. The university becomes with the establishment document of 6. July 1502 by emperor Maximilian I. first posed under imperial right. (1506) the papal confirmation took place only later.
- 1503 establishment of the Fridericianums (old Kollegium) as the first building that University.
- The Augustinereremiten begins 1504 at the east exit with the building of the “black monastery “.
- 1505 Lucas Cranach D. A. comes as a yard painter to joke mountain.
- 1508 the Augustinermönch Martin Luther one appoints for the first time after joke mountain.
- 1509 extension of the Fridericianums througha new building at the road (new Kollegium).
- 1511 Luther take its domicile after its Rome journey in joke mountain.
- 1512 to the Leucorea acquire Luther those became a doctor of theology. The painter Lucas Cranach D. A. its house corner Elbstrasse leaves/Lock road build.
- 1517 to 31. October publication of the 95 theses by Martin Luther
- 1518 Philipp Melanchthon holds by 29. August its inaugural speech to the Leucorea .
- 1520 before the Elstertor burn Martin Luther the papal spell menace bull (today Luther oak).
- 1521 begin the Wittenberger movement
- 1522 during the picture storm a large part of the medieval mechanism of the town church are destroyed. The new will translated by Luther into German becomes for the first time in September von Lucas Cranach D. A. shifted.
- 1523 - 1540Establishment of the new city hall
- 1524 the cure prince conveys the Augustinerkloster to Luther as house .
- 1525 cure prince Friedrich of the way dies. Its brother Johann the steady one start the follow-up. To 13. June marries Luther the nun Katharina of Bora.
- 1526 beginning of the most extensive attachment work by creation of a barrier plant with water ditch.
- 1527 dissolution of the Franziskanerklosters
- 1532 Johann Friedrich the largecourageous become cure prince.
- 1534 the Wittenberger printer Hans Lufft, prints as the first from Martin Luther completely into thoseGerman language translated Bible.
- A new house for Melanchthon is built for 1536 supported of city and cure prince and the Wittenberger Konkordie takes place.
- 1543 the first roaring water, „the lock water”, supply lock , city hall , university and some community centres alsoDrinking water.
- 1547 in the battle with Mühlberg strike emperors Karl V. the Protestanten combined in the Schmalkaldi federation. By the Wittenberger surrender assigns the Ernestini line of the Wettiner to the Albertiner, joke mountain hears on Residenzstadt to be.
- 1573 that City hall receives the court portal by the Torgauer sculptor Georg Schröter.
- Setting up a plague order arranges 1577 the frequent outbreak of plague epidemic diseases.
- 1580 - 1586 to the Collegienstrasse develop with the Augusteum a further building of universities.
of 1600to 1900
- 1626 during the dreissigjährigen war new attachment work begins. The city gains ever more military significance.
- 1636 - 1637 of the heaviest plague epidemic disease about half of the population falls to the victim.
- 1706 - 1707 in the course of the Nordi waroccupy Swedish troops the city. The citizens are heavily loaded by high Kontributionen.
- 1756 with beginning of the seven-year-old of war are occupied joke mountain by Prussian troops.
- 1760 the bombardment by the realm army, during the seven-year-old of war, to 12. and 13.October brings large losses to the city. After the release from the Prussian Besatzern the largest part of the city lies in debris and ash.
- 1770 Kirchweihe in the seven-year-old war heavily met and in latebaroque forms of the again built castle church.
- 1806 on instruction of the French emperor Napoleon I., which draws with its army after the battle with Jena and Auerstedt into the city, the fortification again strengthened.
- 1814 after months-long bombardment, succeedit the Prussian troops under general Leopold William of Dobschütz at the night of 12. to 13. January to storm the fortress.
- 1815 on resolution of the Viennese of congress three fifth of the country Saxonia , under it joke mountain, falls at Prussia.
- 1817 the Wittenberger university one combines with the resounding ashes university. Grundsteinlegung for the Luther monument on the market and establishment of the Evangelist Predigerseminars. Joke mountain becomes garrison town.
- 1819 the lock damaged strongly by war influences are converted to the barracks.
- 1821 inauguration of the Luther monument .
- 1830 planting the Luther oak.
- 1848 establishment of some political associations, whereby the conservative influence intersperses itself. The first Evangelist church conference takes place in the castle church .
- 1849 in the castle church become on the second Evangelist church conference the internal missionbased.
- 1857 consecration of the catholic church built in the masonry race.
- 1858 to 31. One replaces the wooden thesis door partly burned in the seven-year-old war to Octobers by a bronze door.
- Their work takes up 1864 the urban gasworks.
- 1865 inauguration of the Melanchthondenkmals upthe market.
- 1873 the city stops being fortress. In place of the fortification green belts develop. By the favorable traffic conditions of the city it comes to the fast settlement of enterprises.
- 1883 the Elbhafen, only protection port for the winter, is as transshipment portdeveloped. Opening of the reformation-historical museum „Luther-resounds” in the Luther house .
- 1884 an urban water company develop.
- 1888 the new Melanchthon High School are inaugurated.
- 1892 after extensive renewal become to 31. October in the presence of the emperor Wilhelm II. the castle church inaugurated.
- 1893 a newPost-office building opens.
- 1894 in pure village build the Westfälisch Anhalti explosive corporation (WASAG AG) an explosive work.
from 1900 to today
- 1907 - 1909 building of the new district court.
- 1908 with the establishmentthe urban power station begins the continuous electrification of the city.
- 1914 establishment of a prisoner-of-war camp in small joke mountain
- 1915 with establishment of the nitrogen work in Piesteritz, a chemical large-scale enterprise, rise the number of the industrial workers considerably.
- 1916 - 1919 the garden-urban company-owned housing estate Piesteritzafter plans by Paul Schmitthenner and Otto Rudolf Salvisberg under the line George Haberland and Karl Janisch one builds.
- 1918 establishment of the Luther company in joke mountain. November revolution. Education of a worker and a soldier advice. Important buildings and institutions are occupied.
- 1919 at the 23.Februarfirst secret municipal election. Joke mountain stops being a garrison town.
- 1922 municipal authorities and the town council decides to bear the name „Luther city joke mountain “. The official acknowledgment takes place only 1938. With start-up the office of the Türmers escapes an electrical fire alarm systemon the town church.
- 1933 after power start of the Hitler government take place in joke mountain on all levels a synchronising. The SA calls for the boycott of Jewish business, medical practices and law offices.
- 1935 the heaviest explosion misfortune since existence pure villages of the explosive work occur to 13. June . Numerous dead ones and strong damage are the results.
- 1935 - 1936 establishment „of the Arado “- of aircraft plant in the Dresdener road. Women from the KZ Ravensbrück are used to the work.
- 1938 to 10. November , in in such a way specified „Crystal night “, comes it to the Randale before Jewish business and dwellings. In the consequence Jewish inhabitants are arrested and deportiert. Establishment of the German Evangelist church federation in the castle church.
- 1944 Angloamerikani bomb releases damage and destroy in the eastern part of the cityseveral houses and the station.
- 1945 to 26. April marches the Red Army into joke mountain. The first enterprises begin with the beginning of work. It comes to the disassembly of the two Rüstungsbetriebe. A part of the nitrogen work is diminished for the purpose of the Reparation.
- 1946 reopening Luther-resound . Obligation combination of SPD and KPD to 24. March .
- 1948 the first showroom of the today's museum for nature and people customer „“one opens to Julius Riemer.
- 1949 the first business (suitor shop), in which one without food mapsto buy can, one opens. The Elbe Elster theatre becomes to 14. September based. Via the Soviet Kommandantur the delivery of the management functions to the city administration takes place with establishment of the GDR.
- 1953 in the context of the Lucas Cranach honour open in Luther-resound an exhibition to 400.Day of death Lucas Cranachs D. A.
- 1957 - 1963 in small joke mountain dwellings in large log construction method are established for the first time.
- 1959 the swimming pool in Piesteritz open.
- 1967 a large historical procession, an international symposium and an academic ceremony of the March in Luther university resounding joke mountain form the high pointsthe 450-Jahrfeier of the reformation. In honours Philipp Melanchthons is opened in its former house a Memorialmuseum.
- 1970 - 1976 the nitrogen work Piesteritz experience an extension with the building of two ammonia and three urea plants.
- 1971 - 1980 at the northern outskirts of a towna large populated area develops.
- 1973 close ones of the castle church , underneath the Soviet honour cemetery, a monument of release is revealed. (The tank set up there is removed in April 1990 from the base.)
- 1979 departure of the Soviet armored division stationed since 1945 in joke mountaindue to the salt ii-negotiations
- a multiplicity of events are located to November 2005 in the indication of the Luther anniversary. At Whitsuntide the consecration of a new organ takes place in the town church. Those Luther-resounds opens after structural transformation and musealer reorganizationon the occasion of the 500. Return of the birthday Martin Luther their exhibition. The restoration work on the tower of the castle church and on the thesis door is final. Guests from 15 countries participate in the Evangelist church conference. Minister Friedrich Schorlemmer leaves a sword to a plowshareumschmieden.
- 1985 the roaring water pipeline one explains as a technical cultural monument.
- 1988 in May are closed a contract over partnership between cities between Goettingen and joke mountain. The victims „of the realm crystal night “in November one thinks. As indication of the reminder that becomes at the south side Town church underneath „the Jew sow “an intending plate let in in plaster.
- 1989 „prayers around renewal “in the closing and town church introduce the democratic change in joke mountain.
- 1990 first free and democratic local election since 1933.
- 1994 establishment thatDonation „Leucorea “ at the March in Luther university. Joke mountain is again university location.
- 2000 opening of the new Elbe bridges for road and rail.
- 2002 to 18. August dam failures into that south the Elbe which were appropriate local parts Pratau and Seegrehna due to the flood: Both local parts becomeflooded.
- 2005 to 27. November solemn inauguration of the Lucas Cranach D. - A. - monument in the Cranachhof.
the coat of arms of the city joke mountain obtain with its symbols a piece urban history. To 27. June 1293 becomesJoke mountain by duke Albrecht II. the municipal law lent. A medieval municipality with the advice develops as highest administrative organ. This advice, for the first time 1317 proven, one transfers the task to govern the city on the inside by right and legislation and thoseto administer urban incomes. For recording the administration used its own seal. A representation on the probably oldest Wittenberger city seal temple, which the administration, and which from the l used. Half 14. Century comes, forms in its fundamentals the collecting mainfor different Stadtwappen into the today's time.
The coat of arms symbolized, by the wall, behind, it bekrönte with Zinnen, the lying and the laterally free standing towers, one since 1409 strongly fastened city.
Both together the coat of arms forms for sign in the centerof course axles. Refer the black-golden bars on the right of the Saxonian lozenge wreath/ring coat of arms in that to the house colors of the askanischen principal firm. The above green lozenge ring decorates already 1262 the sign of the city founder duke Albrecht II. of Saxonia joke mountain.
emperor Karl IV. confirms 1356. thatDuke of Saxonia - joke mountain. Joke mountain becomes kurfürstliche residence. The left sign occupied with swords stands for with inseparably connected office of the ore marshal of the Roman-German realm, the Rudolf l. after joke mountain brings. Both the Saxonian lozenge wreath/ring coat of armsand the coat of arms with the Kurschwertem after becoming extinct the Askanier in the year 1422 by the Wettinern are resumed.
The flowing water represented in the sign foot, symbolizes the situation of joke mountain at the Elbe. The fish swimming in the water, places oneSalmon in former times plentifully in the Elbe present was and of large fish wealth witnessed. Thus also Fischer, like each trade in the city 1422 its own order and the salmon received received introduction into the coat of arms.
Culture and objects of interest
- lock and castle church
- of one of the points of main attraction is the Wittenberger lock and the castle church, particularly in connection with the courageous attack on the drain practice of the Roman-catholic church in 16. Century throughthe publication of the 95 theses Martin Luther
- town church
- the town church is the nut/mother church of the reformation. The artistic equipment is kept good.
- the self-confident modernity of the Renaissance expressing architectural style of the Melanchthonhauses is an architectural object of interest. In this house livedand the Reformator Philipp Melanchthon died. In it is an exhibition.
- the Cranachhöfe and houses occupy a working of Lucas Cranach d.Ä, Lucas Cranach d.J., Hans Cranachs, Augustin Cranachs and Lucas Cranach III.inJoke mountain. The building at the market 4 and the pharmacy with yard at the lock road 1 occupy points of contact to the personality Lucas Cranachs and its descendants.
- Hundred-water school
- the March in Luther High School was transformed after drafts of the Austrian artist peace realm hundred-one hundred, whereby outthe disk's building school of type of standard Erfurt II the hundred-water school became. In the playful, bizarren and at the same time energizing education place, which is European school at the same time, the pupils argue with ecological connections and unfold its artistic creativity. As characteristics the Planetarium, those are considered to the schoolthree towers, which symbolize the three world religions, the threadbare roof terraces, those from windows of outstanding trees as „tenants “and the aula out-arranged with color-glad columns.
- Hundred-water steered the change of its domicile in New Zealand out via its architect's office. To the inaugurationit was not present; shortly thereafter he deceased. Its only project of the change of an existing architecture he never saw.
- the architecturally delightful Hamlethaus merges itself into the ensemble of the city.
- University „Leucorea “joke mountain
- the 1502 createdUniversity of Leucorea was and is not only training mechanism. In it also the famous personalities of the reformation Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon worked. In the steeped in tradition history of the university innovations took place themselves, not only on Germany, but alsoaffected on large parts of the world.
- Augusteum and Luther house
- the representative looking facade construction Augusteum once an extension building of the University of joke mountain was „Leucorea “. It accommodates today the Evangelist Predigerseminar and its old-venerable library. In the inner court August around is the formerHouse Martin Luther. Today the reformation-historical museum with its collections of pictures, writings and contemporary exhibits of the reformation time is in the building. With the renovation Luther house was lost to its medieval charm partly.
- City hall and market place
- inCenter of the old part of town is a generously limited market place, at which over centuries a harmonious building ensemble of community centres grew. On it is the Renaissance city hall, the monuments Martin Luther (draft of Schadow) and Philipp Melanchthons (of Drake)as well as the market well.
the history of the theatre in joke mountain is enough in 18. Century, as the Theaterreformatorin Friederike Caroline Neuber to the Unwillen of the university-upper in the city hall hall of joke mountain 1728 their appearancesgave. At the beginning 20. Century was there in Balzers festival rooms a small ensemble by the chapel of the local garrison was temporarily strengthened. After that 2. World war intensified itself the theatre happening in joke mountain. The cultural department of the Soviet military city administration joke mountain,the establishment of a small theatre energized, at the 1. November 1945 with the Operette “in the white Rössl “and with Gerhard of captain “Hamlet in joke mountain " was opened that however not for a long time held itself. To 30. May 1946took place the establishment of the city theatre in the yielding seriousness race. Financial problems prepared however the end for this theatre. To 14. September 1949 came it to the establishment of the Elbe Elster theatre as moving theatre with head office into joke mountain. The play area of the Elbe Elster theatre extended thereby over5 districts of the GDR and among other things by the serve-oldest director Helmut Bläss was led. In the Nachwendezeit caused different reasons the end to the Central German national theatre renamed of Elbe Elster theatre, which to 31. August 2002 was dissolved. In the lock yard 1972 became„the boards' l cellar “production, which should become with Kabarettvorstellungen and small pieces the most popular play place. In it occasionally this very day different small pieces are specified.
After the locking last “Central German national theatre” of the theatre mentioned resulted from private commitment the “PhönixTheatre world " as beginning theatre in the Luther city joke mountain. The moreover one developed itself a theatre youth club and a music workshop “Chamäleon”. The “Capella Wittenbergensis” offers a cultural enriching in the Luther city as a Renaissance music ensemble with a religious and lay program on historical instruments. Inthat small art bar of “Barrik” with their Travestie, kabarett and music evenings is ordered a varied program. For specific occasions there are different free air performances in the Luther city. In addition the association joke mountain culture has the project “stage joke mountain” together with the Italian director Fernando Scarpain the life called.
- reformation-historical museum of the donation Luther memorial places with the world-wide largest collection to reformation history: The house is part of the Unesco of world cultural heritage.
- Melanchthonhaus into the Collegienstrasse
- city-historical collection in the lock
- Julius Riemer museum (as part of the historicalCollection) in the lock
- house of history with the emphasis „GDR history “as well as special exhibitions
- donation Christian art joke mountain with a permanent exhibition in the old person city hall
- Daueraustellung for the history of the Ortstteiles Piesteritz in the gate building of the company-owned housing estate.
further objects of interest
- roaring water
- in 16.Century became ever more necessary by constant increasing of the population of the city joke mountain, a supply of fresh and clear water. The existing wells and brooks were not sufficient any longer, since they were gotten dirty increasingly with Unrat. By the roaring water changedthis. The citizens was available with the roaring water connection day and night, summer such as winter, fresh spring water. Only 1883 lost the roaring water by the central water supply at meaning. Today the Wittenberger is roaring water with its still approx. 20 existing wells,north the alps, the still only functioning roaring water pipeline system from the Middle Ages and thus a technical architectural monument.
- Printer tube in the Cranachhof
- Lucas Cranach the older one had furnished its own printering in the once famous printer city joke mountain. In this became among other thingsdie95 Thesen, der erste Teil der Lutherbibel, LuthersTischreden und zahlreiche Holschnitte gedruckt. After the reconstruction of the Luther yards one arranged in the lock road again a historical pressure tube in today in the book high-pressure method the texts (e.g. Luther table speeches) and illustrations(in the Linolschnitt) as private prints to be manufactured. To looking meetings the historical good mountain takes place press in the Cranachhof market 4 a demonstration on, how was printed once at present the Middle Ages.
- Luther oak
- , where Martin Luther burned once the spell bull of the Pope andso that its separation from the Roman catholic church carried out, the Luther oak stands.
- Catholic church joke mountain
- the catholic church was konsekriert 1872 by bishop Konrad Martin. The church was reconditioned in the years 1999/2000.
the lock Nudersdorf is infrom that 18. Century coming building in the local part Nudersdorf. It is closely with the history of the family of loose, which placed generation-spreading the hereditary marshal of Saxonia, connected.
not only the large men of the reformation time Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthon and Lucas Cranach left their traces in the Luther city joke mountain. Much more still as in the role as capital of cure Saxonia and than Residenzstadt of Saxonia joke mountain, the city became by (in the outgoing Middle Ages probably most important university of Central Europe)coined/shaped. It was effect place of many personalities, that exerted influence on the Luther city joke mountain at the same time. Today the names of many personalities on Gedenktafeln at the houses of the old part of town Luther city of joke mountain are registered.
see also: Personalities joke mountain
„Honour citizenry of the Luther city joke mountain “is the highest honor, which the Luther city joke mountain beside „the honour document of the Luther city joke mountain “, which can assign „honour document of the mayor of the Luther city joke mountain “and „the Lucas Cranach price of the Luther city joke mountain “. After the honour statute of the Luther city joke mountain, can the honour citizenry only to living persons to be lent and expires with the death of the person. To 8. August 1976 decided the advice of the Luther city joke mountain that Hans's laurel is appointed postum the honour citizen of the city. Due to the contradiction with thatpresent honour citizen statute is this appointment however vakant. Due to a further legal Vakanz cannot do in this performance likewise to 25. April 1933 decided honour endorsement Adolf Hitler appear: This refused the personal acceptance of the honour citizenry. For the sake of completeness are theymentioned.
- 1835 William of breaking into living
- 1847 Johannes Zeltner
- 1869 Heinrich Schmieder
- 1874 Eduard Feodor Glöckner
- 1874 of Louis guest
- 1876 Dr. Adalbert Falk
- 1879 Friedrich Ferdinand Peter
- 1883 Christian God praise Holtzhausen
- 1891 Fritz Eunicke
- 1917 wolf of Gersdorff
- 1918 William Else
- 1919 Paul Leonhardt
- 1928 Nathan Söderblom
- 1930 Karl Janisch (Piesteritzer honour citizen)
- 1933 Dr. Gottfried Krüger
- 1933 Paul von Hindenburg
- 1948 Carl Kuntz (Piesteritzer honour citizen)
- 1975 W. Rabischnikow
of sons and daughters of the city
- Hans Arnold (* 1860; † 1913 in Berlin - Charlottenburg), sculptors
- Paul Bosse (* 1881 † 1947 joke mountain), physician
- Christian bridge (latinisiert Pontanus) (* 1516; † 1567 in Gotha), politicians and Saxonian chancellors
- Benedikt Carpzov the younger one (* 1595; † 1666 in Leipzig), lawyers
- Ernst Chladni (* 1756 † 1827 in Breslau), lawyer and physicist
- Augustin Cranach (* 1554; † 1595 in joke mountain), painters and commercial artists
- Lucas Cranach the younger one (* 1515 † 1586 in joke mountain), painters
- Caspar Cruciger the younger one (* 1525; † 1597 in Kassel), theologian
- walter Dreizner (* 1908; † 1999 in resound (Saale)), Photographer
- Johann Friedrich earthling (* 1778; † 1846 in Wiesbaden), physician
- max of Fürbringer (* 1846 † 1920 in Heidelberg), physician
- Rudolf Goclenius D. J. (* 1572; † 1621 in Marburg), professor for physics, medicine and mathematics
- Bert Grabsch (* 1975), wheel sportsman
- Joachim Bernhard Nicolaus hacker (* 1760; † 1817 in Zscheila), theologian, poet and writer
- Carl Christian Horvath (* 1752; † 1837 in potsdam), founders of the German association of trade
- Justus Jonas the younger one, (* 1525, † 1567 in Copenhagen), lawyer and diplomat
- George WilliamKirchmaier (* 1673; † 1759 in joke mountain), linguist
- Helmut Kraatz (* 1902; † 1983 in Berlin), physician
- Heinrich bold one (* 1910; † 2003 in joke mountain), historian
- Adolf Karl Kunzen (* 1720; † 1781 in Luebeck), musicians
- Gottlieb Leuchtenberger (* 1839 † 1914 in who Niger desert), philosopher and paedagogue
- Augustin Leyser (* 1683; † 1752 in joke mountain), lawyer
- Hans laurel (* 1901; † 1973 in joke mountain), writer
- Paul Luther (* 1533; † 1593 Leipzig), physician
- Joachim Mörlin (* 1514; † 1571 in king mountain), theologian and Reformator
- Maximilian Mörlin (* 1516; † 1584 in Coburg), theologian and Reformator
- Gregor William Nitzsch (* 1790; † 1861 in Leipzig), classicallyPhilologe
- Karl Ludwig Nitzsch (* 1751; † 1831 in joke mountain), theologian
- franc Michael Pietzsch (* 1942), politician
- Uwe Raab (* 1962), wheel sportsman
- Erich Reusch (* 1925 ), sculptor and architect
- Olaf Rieck (* 1964 ), mountain climber
- Thea Schleusner (* 1879; † 1964 in Berlin), painter
- Annerose Schmidt (* 1936 ), Pianistin
- Moritz Ludwig Seyffert (* 1809; † 1872 potsdam ), Altphilologe
- Johann Stoltz (* 1514; † 1556 in Weimar), theologian
- Aegidius bush (* 1632; † 1682 in Danzig), theologian
- Abraham father (* 1684; † 1751 in joke mountain), physician
- Hans Wagner (* 1852; † 1940 in Frankfurt/Main), Philatelist
- Eduard Friedrich weber (* 1806; † 1871 in Leipzig), physician
- Ernst Heinrich weber (* 1795; † 1878 in Leipzig), physiologist
- William Eduard weber (* 1804; † 1891 in Goettingen), physicists
- roll ago Wenck (* 1900; † 1982 in bath Rothenfelde), general
- JohannAugust Zeune (* 1778; † 1853 in Berlin), paedagogue
- Johann George Carpenter (* 1680; † 1734 in joke mountain), post office master
the Luther city joke mountain became the end 19. Century more and more to the industrial site.Internationally acting enterprises as well as a broad number of local and medium-size enterprises, determine the present economic structure. The Luther city offers Elbe, with a good road binding, as railway junction, with the federal water way a modern sewage purification plant and a pronounced resources binding in the 5 trade areas ininnovative settlement surrounding field.
- SKW of nitrogen works Piesteritz (chemical industry)
- PCI Augsburg GmbH (building additives)
- VICTORY Combibloc GmbH (group packaging)
- Unilever Bestfoods Germany GmbH (margarine work Pratau)
- Wikana GmbH (fine baking goods)
- REVISION MODIFICATION A grolinz M elamine I nternational Germany GmbH (Melaminproduzent)
- PSEPolymere - technology Elbe GmbH (india rubber industry)
- FFB field binder of special vehicle works GmbH
- aluminium-ko Therm GmbH (air condition technology)
- TIP TOP surface protection Elbe GmbH
- Omnisal GmbH (subsidiary company of Termphos fleece singing/Holland, production of phosphates)
knows traffic reaching the Luther city joke mountain over those A 9 (connection point 6 - small Marzehns, 7 - Köselitz and 8 - Coswig (notion)). The federal highways 2 and 187 cross in the city. South the federal highways 100 and 182 end to the Elbe to the 2.In Luther city the railway lines Berlin - Leipzig /resounds - cross joke mountain Munich (ICE stop in the 2h-Takt) and Dessau - falcon mountain/Dresden (regional traffic, 1h-Takt); in the local part Pratau branches the secondary line to bath forging mountain of the main route. By thoseSituation at the Elbe has the Luther city joke mountain two freight transport ports in small joke mountain and Piesteritz, as well as two landing places for the passenger liner travel.
- open channel Luther city joke mountain
- Wittenberger week mirror
- super Sunday
- regional supplement Central German newspaper
as 1293 joke mountain the municipal law received, led „a Vocatus “(Vogt) the administration of the city. The inhabitants of the place had been once body-own, that organized themselves now as citizens gradually in guilds. Thus the oldest establishment goes to thatCloth making running on the year 1300 back. An advice with one Proconsul (mayor) and 7 Consulen (councillors) is mentioned for the first time 1317. This took over increasingly the administrative laws of the city and its 4 guilds (Tuchmacher, shoemakers, butchers and bakers), from which it compound upwas. By the constant financial requirement of the regents this advice could acquire gradually different rights and landed property against payment of these. By relational interests of council election in the course of one century a Patriziat had formed. This became by the regent over1425 by new statutes changed. The Ratskollegium consisted now of 3 special advice, whose number amounted to together 24, alternated the every 3 years each other in the government and needed the kurfürstliche confirmation. In the course of the development of the city rose alsothe requirements in terms of the advice. While the councillors would initially predominantly fulfill advisory functions, gradually functions were coupled to the councillors (counsel, judge, treasurer, owner, assessor mayor etc.), and the size of the advice rose with it.1696 became thoseStructure of the advice on a constantly continuing service changed. In the following time commissions from functions in the advice, that advised certain topics of the city, developed. The title of the mayor was already assigned 1703 and 1918 on royal decree honour for the sake of.With the reaching of a number of inhabitants of 25.000 joke mountain 1922 received the status of a circle-free city. Thus the city head kept the designation mayor also official. By the administrative reform of the 1. August 1950 was waived the status of the circle-free city, with which alsothe title of the mayor disappeared. The administration of the eingemeindeten local parts Piesteritz, small joke mountain, Teuchel, Trajuhn, Labetz and Wiesigk were centralized in the city administration.1994 were introduced according to the Gemeindeordnung of Saxonia-Anhalt again the mayor title, its for assigning to carry the title of a mayor. Thoseafter 1974 eingemeindeten municipalities Apollensdorf, pure village, Pratau, Seegrehna, Nudersdorf and Schmilkendorf possess a local mayor and a locality advice.
the Luther city joke mountain consists of several local parts: the old part of town joke mountain with the pertinent original Gemarkungen Elstervorstadt, lock suburb (1417), Friedrichstadt (1301 as Broder Annendorf) and Rothemark (1391). By incorporations 1938 Teuchel , to 1938 Labetz , arrived 1945 small joke mountain, 1950 Wiesigk, 1950 Piesteritz, 1950 Trajuhn, 1974 Apollensdorf, 1993 pure village with that 1937 eingemeindeten Dobien and that 1950 eingemeindeten brown village, 1993 Pratau with that 1929 eingemeindeten wax village, 1993 Seegrehna with the former Vorwerk Bleesern, 2005 Nudersdorf and Schmilkendorf in addition.
The moreover one belong to the Luther city joke mountain still the local parts Apollensdorf north, Birkenbusch, Hohenroda, Kienberge, Luther wells and the Probstei.These are assigned to the appropriate local administrations.
the mayors of joke mountain
- 1703 - 1714 Johann Ludolph Quenstedt
- 1917 - 1918 Dr. Friedrich Schirmer
- 1922 - 1933 Fr. Arnold worm
- 1933 - 1934 Werner Faber
- 1934 - 1936 Dr. Dr. Otto EmilRapidly,
- 1936 - 1937 land advice Otto Holtz (kommissarisch)
- 1937 - 1939 Theodor Habicht
- 1939 - 1945 Fritz yard master
- 1945 - 1947 Oskar Gehri
- 1947 - 1950 Friedrich of bass
- since 1994 hitting a corner hard Naumann
the mayors Wittenbergs
- Lucas Cranach D. A. (* 1472 in crown oh, † 1553 in Weimar) painter
- Lucas Cranach D. J.(* 1515 inJoke mountain; † 1586 in Weimar) painter
- Christian Beyer (* 1482 small long home † 1535 Weimar) Saxonian chancellor
- Veit Holzlechner (* new market/Bavaria around 1574 † 1642 joke mountain) Seidensticker
- Hans Lufft (* 1495 † 1584 joke mountain) printer
- Samuel Selfisch (* Erfurt 1529 † joke mountain 1615) book publisher
- August Ferdinand Ludwig village ford (* 1767 in Berlin; † 1825 in joke mountain) pharmacist
- Casper Pfreund (* hall field 1517; † Joke mountain 1574), pharmacist
partnerships between cities
- Goettingen (Niedersachsen) seit 1988
- Bretten (Baden-Württemberg) seit 1990
- Springfield (Ohio) USA seit 1995
- Békéscsaba (Ungarn) seit 1999
- Haderslev (Dänemark) seit 2004
- Wittenberger Maiblumenfest
- Dieses Fest ist den inJoke mountain traditionally bred lilies of the valley dedicated.
- Gardners and horticulture enterprises of the region decorate at the beginning of of May, in addition the entire market with spring flowers and wood in all colors. In the abendlichen connection to the Wittenberger, the five small art stages the Wittenberger theatre eight organize May flower celebration “nightthe senses.
- Wittenberger experience night
- unusual one of things at unusual times at unusual places at unusually favourable prices. A verzaubernde route by the Wittenberger of museum and library nature by nocturnal joke mountain. In medieval costumes Rundgänge and views of the city life become onceand now, economically grants. Annually on the 3 weekend in August.
- Luther's wedding
- annual one of the largest topic city celebrations of Germany takes place, in the Luther city joke mountain on the second weekend in June. High point is the historical fixed removal in the Saturday afternoon of the Luther yard over thatMarket to the lock yard.
- Wittenberger Töpfermarkt
- on the market place present themselves on the last weekend in September numerous Töpferwerkstätten and offer their commodity for sale. In the Beyer and in the Cranachhof a multicolored market driving of the farmers and historical associations takes place.
- Reformation celebration
- to 31. October is committed annually the reformation celebration with fixed services, Disputationen and multicolored driving on the market and in the old part of town yards.
- Wittenberger Weihnachtsmarkt
- the historical market place and the cosy old part of town yards offer a beautiful window blind for the Weihnachtsmarkt, annually tofirst Advent is opened and up to 4. Advent its doors keeps open.
- Wittenberger tavern music night
- with omitted tendency, expect approx. 20 gastronomische mechanisms in the Wittenberger old part of town, in April (last weekend) and September (first weekend) their guests. Untermalt of live music, thoseby artists of different style directions, can one dargeboten themselves here rich hearing benefits hang-evenly.
- Wittenberger culture summers with the Wittenberger yard concerts
- on three weekends in the summer take place the Wittenberger of yard concerts. One can do a cosy with select music and erlesenen meals,Evening in the historical old part of town yards enjoy.
- Regio of pedals
- with the meeting drive large groups of wheel moving to different points of the region.
- Luther Cup
- small field - football tournament, with approx. 100 participating women - and man crews from 12 Lands of the Federal Republic.
numbers of inhabitantsafter the respective area conditions. Until 1791 it concerns usually around computed estimations, afterwards census results or official updating of the respective statistic offices, and/or the city administration.
leisure and sports sites
- Alaris butterfly park; Rothemark
- falcon yard; Piesteritz
- people park; Piesteritz
- Arthur Lambert stadium; Barrier route
- place of the youth; The-sourly road
- town hall; Asterisking race
- open-rir swimming pool; Piesteritz
- Natatorium; Piesteritz
- bathing beach; Pure village
- equestrian farm; Brown village
- riding plant; Lark mountain
- equestrian farm Huth; Trajuhn
- tennis facilities: Piesteritz
- Fitness club CityGym; Pfaff lane
- water haven community joke mountain; Dresden road (former current bath)
- naval club joke mountain; Dresden road
- rudder club joke mountain; Dresden road
- Wittenberger Kuckucksbier (dark beer)
- Wittenberger quark stuff
- Bacon cake = regional food, probably of immigrated Flemings introduced to the Middle Ages
- series of publications of the city-historical center (number 1-14)
- joke mountain as Luther city of Helmar young Hans 1979
- monument listing Saxonia notion district joke mountain of 2002
- Lucas Cranach d.A. and the Cranachhöfein joke mountain
- … joke mountain burns famous personalities and their connection to joke mountain of Heinrich bold one
- and Heinz Model
- homeland calendar of 1998-2005 the thinking marks of the Luther city
- joke mountain of 1979 collapse and new start of Gottfried
- gentleman man of 2002… of Gottfried gentleman man of 1999
- The turn in joke mountain of Friedrich Schorlemmer of 1997
- by the centuries I, II and III of 1983
- Luther city joke mountain stories - shapes - history of Xing hu Kuo of 1991
- 700 years joke mountain of Stefan Oehmig of 1995
- famous Wittenberger andtheir guests of the Rotary club
- EDITION AKANTHUS - welcomes! Welcome! Luther city joke mountain
- EDITION AKANTHUS - the town church of the Luther city joke mountain
Web on the left of
|Commons: Luther city joke mountain - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
|Wikiquote: Joke mountain - quotations|
- official Internet operational readiness level of the Luther cityJoke mountain
- donation Luther memorial places in Saxonia-Anhalt
- WB4You - private stock portal with very extensive meeting calendar
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