Lyonel Feininger

Lyonel Charles Adrian Feininger (* 17. July 1871 in New York; † 13. January 1956 ebenda) was a German-American-French caricaturist and painter. Starting from 1909 it was member of the citizens of Berlin secession.

Feininger came only with 36 years to the painting. Before it was for a long time active as a commercial caricaturist for various German, French and US-American newspapers and magazines. It submitted its work of a hard critical examination and developed, on the basis of its caricatures, briskly a very salient mark style. In its pictures the objects are abstracted and superelevated formatively. The strength and the expression of Feiningers style, reached thereby, affected numerous contemporary artists and justified his meaning and his success. Often Feininger seized with its work motives for picture and picture compositions of own caricatures and sketches.

Became famous for example its pictures of churches and village centers Weimar surrounding countrysides in Thuringia, where it went between 1906 and always 1937 again for work and study stays. The pictures are usually designated and durchnummeriert to the respective localities. (Gelmeroda, Possendorf, Mellingen, Vollersroda, Tiefurt, deaf oh, Gaberndorf, upperWeimar among other things).

Table of contents

Feininger at the building house

Feininger was Weimar appointed 1919 as the establishment of the national building house of walter after Gropius . First he was to 1925 the director/conductor of the printing element places. 1921 were published a briefcase with Linolschnitten of Feininger as its first building house publication. After the building house was closed in Weimar 1925 in consequence by inputs the Thuringian craftsman shank and the German völkischen block in the Thüringer federal state parliament, it could again be created 1926 in Dessau. To 30. July 1926 pulled Feininger with its family to Dessau into one of the again established master houses. There Feininger on own desire could be relieved by all training obligations at the building house. Until 1932 it on urge walter Gropius' “master” remained.

By the national socialists Feiningers of works as “degenerated art “explained.

See also: Expressionism - Kubismus

detailed personal record

Leonell (Lyonel) Feininger became to 17. July 1871 in New York as a son of the two outstanding German musicians Charles Feininger (concert violonist) and Elizabeth Feininger (Pianistin and singer) born. 1887, with 16 years, came Feininger for the first time to Germany, in order to visit its parents, who were on concert journey, in Berlin. At the 1. Octobers of the following yearly it existed the entrance examination of the royal academy in Berlin. 1892 it took up a study to Paris studios of Filippo the Colarossi, an Italian sculptor. To siebenmonatigem stay in Paris it returned 1893 to Berlin, where it became active as free Illustrator and caricaturist for the magazines Harpers Young People, Humoristi sheets, joke and the merry sheets.

1901 he marries Clara prince. After it 1905 the artist Julia mountain, born lily field, know had learned, it separated from his Mrs. Clara and its two daughters. In February 1906 it visited Julia in Weimar, where it studies at the grossherzoglichen art school. Together they traveled in July to Paris, where her son Andreas came to the world. It closed with Chicago Sunday grandstand a contract over two Comic - series, The Kin that Kids and Wee Willie Winkie's World, which today among the classical authors of the category is ranked, but both were again adjusted early. 1908 married Lyonel and Julia and established themselves in Berlin. 1910 was born two further sons, Laurence and Theodore lux.

1911 was issued six paintings Feiningers in Paris salon of the Artistes Indépendants (“salon of the independent artists”) at the Pont d'Alma. Together with the “blue rider “it participated 1913 on invitation of Franz Mark in the “first German autumn salon” in the gallery “the storm” in Berlin. 1914 manufactured Feininger an erasure and prepared artistic models of railways for the industrielle toy production. In addition it had an exhibition in the gallery Arnold in Dresden. After the outbreak of the 1. World war returned it to Berlin. Feiningers first single exhibition became to 2. September 1917 in the gallery “the storm” opens. 45 paintings and 66 further works were shown. A further single exhibition showed 1918 the gallery “new art Hans Goltz “in October in Munich. In the November of the same yearly Feininger attached group of Novembers initiated by max pitch stone and César small and became acquainted with themselves walter Gropius . 1919 it was appointed of Gropius as a director/conductor of the graphic workshop to the national building house in Weimar. In the middle of August pulled Feininger with its family into the good mountain route 16 in Weimar. Following, Feininger dedicated itself 1921 also the music to the holistic requirement of the building house and composed its first joint.

1923 were Feininger in Erfurt . In New York become 47 paintings, water colors, designs and pressure-graphic sheets in the Anderson Gallery: A Collection OF decaying German kind issued. 1924 created Feininger, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexej of Jawlensky the exhibition community “blue four”. After the dissolution of the building house in Weimar 1925 it was again created 1926 in Dessau, where Feininger with its family moved. 1930/31 he worked on invitation of the city resounds (Saale) on altogether eleven expressionistischen city opinions of resounds, in particular the opinions of the market church became admits. After their removal to Berlin 1933 Lyonel and Julia Feininger at the 11 emigrierten. June 1937 toward the USA where Feininger as free painters in New York worked.

Feininger died to 13. January 1956 at the age of 84 years in its dwelling in New York.

works (selection)

  • 1922, village pond of Gelmeroda, barn 1925, Barfüsserkirche in Erfurt I,
  • (state State of Stuttgart) 1929, at the Trödel, (
  • building house archives, Berlin) 1931, the towers over
  • the city (resounds) resound to 1907, the white man
  • , (Collection Museo Carmen Thyssen Bornemisza, Madrid) 1910,
  • road in dawning, (parish museum, Hanover) 1913,
  • Gelmeroda I, (private collection, New York
  • ) 1913, shining beacon, (museum Folkwang, meal)
  • 1918, Teltow II, (new national gallery, Berlin) 1919
  • , the cathedral of socialism, woodcut to the first building house communist manifesto, (museum Ludwig, Cologne)
  • 1936, Gelmeroda XIII, (metropolitan museum OF kind, George A. Hearn)

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