Mähren

of these articles presents the region Mähren. For the place of the same name in the Westerwaldkreis see Mähren (Westerwald).
Mähren in the today's political organization Tschechiens

Mähren (also Morawien, tschech. and. slowak. Morava, lat. Moravia) is a historicalRegion east of Böhmen. She is called after the river March (tschech. likewise Morava) and is its northern catchment area.

Geografie and economics

Mähren form the eastern third Tschechiens and today into the following circles are arranged:Parts of the Moravskoslezský kraj (Mährisch Schlesien), Olomoucký kraj (region Olmütz), Zlínský kraj (region Zlín), Jihomoravský kraj (Südmähren) as well as the eastern half of the region Vysočina. To the actual Mähren the source areas of the or of hunter village (Krnov do not count) and Troppau (Opava) against Ostrava, which belong historically to Schlesien - see Mährisch Schlesien.

Mähren borders in the north on Poland and the Czech part of Schlesiens, in the east on the Slowakei, in the south on Lower Austriaand in the west at Böhmen. The Sudeten, which changes eastward and southeast into the Karpaten, forms the north border. At the border to Austria the strongly mäandrierende Thaya ( Dyje) flows; in the periphery of Hardegg an intergovernmental develops Protected area.

The sediment basin of the March (Morava) partly forms the core of the country ( altitude 180-250 m) and the Thaya (Dyje). In the west (Böhmisch Mähri height) it rises to over 800m, the highest mountain is however in the northwest the lyingOld father (Praděd, 1490m) into the Sudeten. South of it the high country Mähri of dies” (600-400m) is appropriate, that up to the upper run the or (Mähri gate (Moravská brána) with Mährisch white churches (Hranice well Moravě)) to 310 m drops and further toothe Beskiden (Beskydy) to 1322 m (bald mountain) rises. These three mountain chains, with the gate between last the two, are a part of the European Wasserscheide. The white Karpaten ( Bílé Karpaty ) with maximally 970 forms the east border m.ü. Adria (Velká Javořina).

In the south (with Hodonín/Göding and Břeclav/Lundenburg) Mähren has portion of the Viennese basin, in whose deeper sediments after oil and after Lignit one bores. There was the Moravikum its geological name. With Ostrava (Ostrau, northeast) becameuntil approximately 1995 intensively coal diminished. At industry iron, chemistry, is to emphasize leathers and building materials; Economic centers are Brünn, Olmütz and Ostrau. Apart from the agriculture Mähren is well-known for its viticulture.

history Mährens

Mähren-Karte um 1900
Mähren map around 1900

around 60v. Chr. the celtic Boier took off , which the Germanic Markomannen and Quaden followed - and in 6. Century the slawischen Mährer (Moravané). In 7. Century belonged to Mähren to the realm of the Samo and at the beginning 8. Century insouthern part for the sphere of influence of the Awaren. Toward end 8. Later century resulted in the today's southeast Mähren, parts of the southwest Slowakei (Záhorie) and also in parts of Lower Austria the Mähri principality, from that to 833 from conquestthe Neutraer of Principality of (the today's Slowakei and parts of the northern Hungary) the State of Grossmähren developed, which later occasionally also different neighboring territories (Böhmen, today's Hungary, Weichsel - area among other things) covered.

The large realm was subject however around 907 the penetrating Hungary. The today's Mähren was then partly independent and probably came to approximately 955 under böhmische sovereignty. 999 to 1019 clearly among of Poland rulers Boleslaw Chrobry, it came 1031 finally to Böhmen and 1182 to the Mark county was raised. Since thenit divides history Böhmens, which was governed 1349-1411 by Luxemburger Böhmen and later for a long time by having castle. Starting from 1918 Mähren belonged to Czechoslovakia and since 1992/93 to Tschechien.

Historical capital was to 1641 Olmütz (Olomouc), which rathercentral lies. Since then it is the larger Brünn (Brno).

As Mark county Mähren had the country in the Empire of Austria Hungary its own federal state parliament, whose delegate was selected by the two groups of peoples Germans and Czechs in ethnical separated constituencies. ThisCompromise was designated as Mähri reconciliation and provided for peaceful living together of the two peoples in Mähren. The German-language TH Brünn ranked until approximately 1940 among the most important universities of Central Europe. The German Mährer became 1945/46 from theirHomeland drove out. However in the Brünner death march thereby 10,000 humans died.

see also

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)