March fights in Central Germany

the Central German rebellion in March 1921 was one of KPD, KAPD and other left forces supported armed worker revolt („March action “) in the industrial region over resounds, Leuna, Merseburg as well as in one fields the country.

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with the elections to the Prussian federal state parliament to 20. January 1921 the parties received to that linking in the Central German industrial area - under it the VKPD (a union from KPD and link to parts of the USPD) and the USPD a high portion of the voices. Civil circles, in addition, the SPD - upper president of the region Otto hear-sing feared therefore a communist seizure of power in this important industrial region. The Prussian Minister of the Interior Carl Severing as well as the upper president of the Prussian province Saxonia, Otto hear-sing, sent to 19. March 1921 police units of the Prussian police after Hettstedt and ice lives, organized again by William Abegg, in order to receive control of the enterprises.


to rebellion of parts of the workers in the region to it spontaneously with strikes and operating occupations. The chemical plant in Leuna formed a center. The communist parties were not safe itself, as they should react to this situation. Under pressure of the communist international ones halfheartedly to a Germany-far general strike one called (found only to the little resonance). In addition some few functionaries were sent into the region.

The here-hurried max of Hoelz workers and unemployed person armed and covered the region around one field, ice life and Hettstedt with arsons, plunderings, bank robbery and explosive assassination attempts as well as course derailing and breakups of railroad lines. Aufrühreri workers barricaded themselves on the area of the Leuna works.

The call to the general strike by the KPD semidirect line to 21. March was obeyed only in closer one fields the district. Only on the subsequent day the entire mining district became one field - ice life closes by strike. After further bomb attacks against law courts in Dresden, Leipzig and free mountain as well as realm president Friedrich Ebert imposed to bloody collisions between workers and police in Hamburg to 24. March the state of emergency according to the article 48 that Weimar condition for the province Saxonia and large Hamburg (including the parts belonging to Prussia, see: Large Hamburg law).[1] The KPD proclaimed the general strike generally speaking realm, which was obeyed however only in the Lausitz, parts of the Ruhr district and Thuringia as well as in Hamburg on the same day. In the Central German industrial area the fights, which resounded now also on, were intensified Merseburg and bitter field spread after becoming known the Präsidialverordnung. The government troops succeeded however and struck down the rebellions bloodily. The occupation of the Leuna works was terminated with< artillery b>/bombardment and the conquest of the work area.

The VKPD, but did not decide acting individuals such as max of Hoelz coined/shaped the rebellion movement. The police measures aimed first at the avoidance of an escalation, but after the imposition of the state of emergency the rebellion movement was struck down completely from police units Prussia after military samples.

At the 1. April 1921 was zersprengt the last, group led from max of Hoelz by insurgent ones with Beesenstedt.


altogether died with the fights over one hundred humans; to the 3,000 workers, far more to arrested still dismiss. The undecided attitude of the left wing parties led to the halving of their number of members, and all hopes for a socialist revolution in Germany had to be given up. Striking down the Central German rebellion served still until 1933 and partially beyond that as example for the training of policemen. The deeskalative beginning at the beginning of the police action in one fields the country was not continued to pursue.

see also

to literature

  • Franz young: The way downward, chapter the east up conditions in Mansfeld'. Darmstadt and Neuwied, 1961
  • max of cutters: The bloody Osterwoche in one fields the country. Factual data from the March action. Vienna 1922


  1. regulation of the realm president to the province Saxonia and regulation of the realm president to the district large Hamburg with

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