Maine (Federal State)

Maine
flag coat of arms/seal
Karte der USA, Maine hervorgehoben

other Federal States

base data
pointed name: Kiefernstaat
(Pine Tree State)
capital: Augusta
largest city: Haven country
surface
rank (within the USA): 39
altogether: 91653 km ²
country: 79279 km ²
water (%): 12374 km ² (13.5%)
inhabitant
rank (within thatThe USA): 40
altogether (2000): 1.305.728
density: 16/km ²
member state
place: 23
since: 15. March 1820
Geografie
time belt: Eastern: UTC-5/-4
degree of latitude: 43°4'N to 47°28'N
degree of longitude: 66°57'W to 71°7'W
broad: 305 km
length: 515 km
highest situation: 1,608 m
average situation: 180 m
deepest situation: 0 m
politics
governor: John Baldacci
abbreviations
postal: ME
officially:
ISO 3166-2: US-ME

Maine [meɪn] is a Federal State of the USA. He is probable after the French landscape Maine designated, perhaps is thatName in addition, a short form of Main country (mainland). The postal abbreviation of the state is ME.

On Maine continental climate with average temperatures of up to −10 prevails °C in the winter and up to 25 °C in the summer.

Four ships of the US war navy became honours of theState on the name USS Maine baptized.


Table of contents

history

during the American independence fight was Maine a part of the State of Massachusetts, although it does not border directly on it. Only by that Missouri compromise became Maine to 15. March 1820 of the 23. Federal State of the USA. First haven country was capital (until 1832). Then the seat was shifted into the geographical center of the state after Augusta.

geography

Karte Maines inkl. Counties
map Maines inclusive Counties

Maine lies in the extreme northeast of the USA. In the south and in the east from Maine is the Atlantic. In the northeast the Canadian province new Braunschweig lies. In the northwest is the likewise Canadian Québec. In the west New Hampshire lies. Eastport (Maine) is the easternmost city of the USA. The highest point Maines is the Mount Katahdin in the Piscataquis County (1,795 m).

Haven country Head Light

the forest stand Maines is enormous. It is the US Federal State with the highest forest portion. There more than 90% of the surface with Kiefern and othersTree species bewachsen are, the State of “Kiefernstaat” are also called. The landschaftliche contemplative attracts numerous tourists. The Acadia national park is the only national park of the area and one the usually-visited in the USA.

population

the state is eastern of one the population-poorest Mississippi.Maine has 1.305.728 inhabitants (conditions: 2003), of it 96.5% white, 0.7% Hispanics, 0.7% Asian, 0.6% Indians, 0.5% black and Afro American, other 1%.


Largest cities (inhabitant 1. July 2004)

  • Haven country - 63,905
  • Lewiston - 35,776
  • Bangor - 31,595
  • Auburn - 23.551
  • South haven country - 23,513
  • Biddeford - 21,842
  • Augusta - 18,631
  • Saco - 18,090
  • Westbrook - 16,004
  • Waterville - 15,897


see also:

economics

Maines gross national product amounted to 2001 37.4 billion US Dollar (rank 36).The Pro-Kopf-Einkommen amounted to 2002 24,979 US Dollar (33. Place) in the USA.

The agricultural products of special importance are sea fruits whereby the Maine lobster are particularly famous, poultry, eggs, potatoes, dairy products, cattle, blue berries and apples. Industrielle of products are paper, Wood and furniture, electronics, food, leather, textiles and tourism.

The moreover one 49 km ² large and over 1600 men is counting U.S. Navy base Brunswick Naval air station in Maine, which represents the only military basis in new England. Station oreare here sea-clearing-up - and transportation units. However in August 2005 it was decided that the base is closed and its units are shifted after Florida.

language

the most important national language is English. Besides the French plays a large role to the end, above allthe immigration of Frankokanadiern. There are still the indianischen languages to Abnaki, Micmac and Passamaquoddy, which belong to the Algonkin languages, however by becoming extinct is threatened. (see also [1]).

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