Makassar is an Indonesian city in the south of the island Sulawesi. It has approximately 1.321,832 inhabitants and is the capital of the province Sulawesi Selatan. Until 1999 the city Ujung Pandang was called, then it received to its earlier names again.
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approximately in 13. Small kingdoms of the Bugis and Makassar trunks settling here formed century in the region around Makassar. They remained up to the Dutch Okkupation in 16. Century independently and were feared sailors, who controlled the strait of the road of Makassar.
Starting from that 16. Century developed the city to the prominent commercial centre eastern Indonesia. The rulers of the city pursued a policy of the free trade and permitted to all European trading nations the establishment of addresses. The Dutchmen, who strove for the supremacy over the region, conquered and destroyed the city 1669. For this purpose they conquered away Rotterdam, once a makassaresische fortress. In Dutch time thoroughly and served as military and administrative center for south Sulawesi was converted. The fall beginning thereafter ended only in 19. Century, when the dutchmen develop the city for the economics and administrative centre of the southern Sulawesi. In the Second World War Makassar was Japanese occupied, in since 1949 independent Indonesia developed it to the million-metropolis.
Makassar possesses one of the largest ports of Indonesia and is an important handels and movement of goods place. Are exported among other things coffee, Teak, spices, rubber and Rattan. Most important branches of industry are the cement industry and shipbuilding. In the city is also the largest university of the island, the Hasanuddin university.
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coordinates: 5° 9 ′ S, 119° 26 ′ O