Mallorca

Flagge von Mallorca
flag of Mallorca
Landkarte Mallorcas
map Mallorcas

Mallorca is a Spanish island. It lies in the western Mediterranean, approximately 200 kilometers far away from Valencia , Barcelona and Algiers. With 3,640 square kilometers it is round the largest island of the Balearen,110 kilometers are it in the length of Sant Elm to Cap de Formentor and 70 kilometers in the width. The capital is Palma.

Table of contents

inhabitants

on Mallorca live 777,821 inhabitants, of it 375,773 in the capital Palma. The next larger municipalities are Calvià (43.499), Manacor (35.908), Llucmajor (29.891), Marratxi (28.237), Inca (26.504), Felanitx (16.566), Pollenca (15.987), Alcudia (15.897) and being (12.521). In addition come approx.97,000 foreigners with residence permit. ( Numbers of inhabitants for 2004 conditions: 1. January 2005 of Spanish statistics Institut INE)

languages

office languages are Catalan and Spanish (Kastilisch). The Catalan dialect spoken on the island is called Mallorquí. Since 1983Mallorquí is equal office language. In the routistic centers of the island increasingly also German and English are spoken.

See also: Languages on Mallorca.

administration

Verwaltungs-Bezirke
of administrative districts

Mallorca belongs to the autonomy area of the Balearen (corresponds for instance to a Land of the Federal Republic). ThatAutonomy area is governed from Palma by the Govern Balear, each Balearen island has a Consell Insular (island advice). Mallorca is divided in six regions, traditionally comarques mentioned, which represent however no political borders: Palma, Serra de Tramuntana, Llevant, Plade Mallorca, Raiguer, Migjorn. Politically the island is in 53 municipalities with administrative seat (municipis) arranged.

climate

satellite photograph

Mallorca enjoys a moderate subtropical climate, with short, mild winters and hot summers, on the average 7,9Sun hours at the day and average amounts of precipitation (1,400 millimeters per square meter in the north, 400 millimeters in the south).

See also: Flora and

Mallorca Mallorca

Frühlingsfelder auf Mallorca
a rich Flora possesses

climatic data Mallorca [work on ] out over 1.500 kinds. ThoseFauna is less species-rich and enclosure only few mammal -, however a great many bird - kinds. The only larger mammals living in the wild are wild ores house goats in the Serra de Tramuntana. The endemic Balearen Sturmtaucher ( Puffinus mauretanicus) is remarkable, magenta- and silk herons, Zwergrohrdommel, monk vultures as well as the rosa flamingo. In addition there is to reptiles and amphibians, under it those only end of the seventies 20. Century rediscovered, endemic Mallorca Geburtshelferkröte.

See also: Flora on Mallorca list thatKinds on Mallorca

of national park

nature park

  • L'Albufera of the Grao, la illa d'en Colom i el cap de Favàritx
  • Cala D' stronghold
  • SA Talaia
  • Mondragó
  • Llevant
  • S´Albufera de Mallorca
  • SA Dragonera

Nature reservations

  • Cap of the Freus
  • Cap Farrutx
  • it Vendrà y it Vendranell
  • Islotes de Ponent
  • S'Albufereta

of Naturdenkmäler

  • Ses Fonts Ufanes

mountains, valleys, lakes

Steilwand in der Serra de Tramuntana
steep wall in the Serra de Tramuntana

of three mountain courses frame the island in, The little spectacular Serra de Llevant and the famous, over far distances Serra de Tramuntana, in that the highest mountains of the island, did not settle southeast, northwest and the east the Puig major (1,445 meters), the Puig Massanella (1,348 meters),the Puig Tomir (1,103 meters), the Puig de l´Ofre (1,091 meters), for which Puig of d´es Teix (1,064 meters) and the Puig Tossals (1047 meters) are appropriate.

The highest mountains

  • Puig major (1443 m height and. N.N.)
  • Puig Massanella (1348 m height and.N.N.)
  • Tomir (1103 m height and. N.N.)
  • L'Ofre (1090 m height and. N.N.)
  • Alfabia (1067 m height and. N.N.)
  • Teix (1064 m height and. N.N.)
  • Tossals (1047 m height and. N.N.)
  • Galatzó (1025 m height and. N.N.)
  • it Cornador (1009m height and. N.N.)
  • Puig Raig (1002 m height and. N.N.)

in the three mountain courses Mallorcas is also the well-known Canyon torr duck de Pareis and the two drinking water storage reservoirs Cúber and Gorg blue as well as in the east the Serra Artana alsothe highest and most compact massif of the eastern mountain range. Eight low mountains belong to, whereby the Puig de Ferrutx (552 meters) is the highest and Puig d´en me (256 meters) the lowest. The area of Caps de Ferrutx with its rock-cutare shelter for fish eagles and moving falcon.


history

of events

Talayot-Siedlung auf Mallorca
Talayot settlement on Mallorca

earlyhistorical settlements

  • Capocorb Vell (Llucmajor)
  • Ses Talaies de Can Jordi (Santanyi)
  • Poplado Talaiótico de S'Illot (S'Illot)
  • Talaiot de Sa Canova (Ctra.Artà - Colonia de Sant Pere)
  • Ses Païsses (Artà)
  • Necròpoli de Son material (Ca'n Picafort, municipality Santa Margalida)
  • Poblado Talaiótico de Son Fornès (Montuïri)
  • Novetiforme Alemany (Magaluf/Calvià)

economics

the economyis coined/shaped by tourism. 1960 visited 360,000 tourists the island, 1970 was it already more than 2 million. Today the number of the visitors is with scarcely 22 million. The airport Son Sant Joan manufactured 2005 approx. 21 million aircraft passengersoff. Altogether approximately 314,000 announced hotel beds are located to the guests in 1.300 hotel plants for order (conditions 2005) thereby lie the island clearly before the secondarymost important tourist region of Spain, Katalonien.

The majority of the tourists originates from Germany and Great Britain. Almost toSymbol for the German mass tourism, which does not affect however far parts of the island, became the place S'Arenal, for the English Magaluf. In addition, there is a not small number of individual tourists, approximately to the Serra deTramuntana move or wheel drive and approx. 35.000 foreign residents, who established themselves on Mallorca and partially also into the there society to integrate itself.

Mallorca im Hochsommer
Mallorca in the high summer

beside it are agriculture, mining industry (above all marble dismantling), light industry (Leather, ceramic(s), beads, glass) as well as fishery important industries.

See also: Glass on Mallorca, coal industry on Mallorca, railways on Mallorca, agricultural products on Mallorca, ecological agriculture on Mallorca, integrated agriculture on Mallorca, Kunstperlen Majòricas

the Mallorquiner gain one of the highest Pro-Kopf-Einkommen of Spain: EUR 17,000 opposite EUR 13,500 in the Spanish average. Main source of income is followed with 75 per cent the service range tourism of the building industry with approximately 10 per cent. Nearly three quarters of the island are agriculturalEffective areas. The agriculture places 11 per cent of the jobs of the island, however only 2.5 per cent contributes to the gross national income.

places

the lighthouse of form gate

Alaró - Alcúdia - Algaida - Andratx - s'Arenal - Ariany - Artà - Banyalbufar - Binissalem - Búger - Bunyola - Cala d'Or - Cala Figuera - Cala Millor - Cala Rajada - Cala Santanyí - Cales de Mallorca - Calvià - Ca'n Picafort - Campanet - Campos - Canyamel - Capdepera - Colònia de Sant Jordi - Consell - Costitx - Deià - Escorca - Esporles - Estellencs - Felanitx - Fornalutx - Inca - Lloret de Vistalegre - Lloseta - Llubí - Llucmajor - Magaluf - Manacor - Mancor de laVall - Maria de la Salut - Marratxí - Montuïri - Muro - Orient - Palma - Paguera - postage Cristo - Petra - Platja de Palma - Pollença - Porreres - Puigpunyent - SA Calobra - SA Coma - SA Pobla - Santa Eugènia - Santa Margalida - Santa Maria del Camí - Santanyí - Santa Ponça - Sant Joan - Sant Llorenç of the Cardassar - Selva - Sencelles - Ses Salines - Sineu - Sóller - Son Servera - Valldemossa - Vilafranca de Bonany

ports

  • Cala d'Or (yachting port)
  • Cala Figuera (fishing port, yachting port)
  • Ca'n Picafort (yachting port)
  • Cala Rajada (fishing port)
  • Colònia de Sant Jordi (fishing port)
  • Palma (sea port, yachting port, fishing port)
  • portal Nous (yachting port)
  • postage Cristo (fishing port)
  • Portocolom (fishing port)
  • Haven d'Andratx (yachting port, fishing port)
  • haven d'Alcudia (yachting port, fishing port)
  • haven de Pollença (yachting port, fishing port)
  • haven de Soller (fishing port)
  • S'Arenal (yachting port)

monasteries and Einsiedeleien

  • Santuario de Cura (Puig de Randa, Algaida, in 540 m height)
  • Santuario de Monti- Sion (Porreres, in 263 m height)
  • Ermita de Sant Miquel (Montuïri, in 246 m height)
  • Ermita de Bonany (Petra, in 317 m height)
  • Santuario de Sant Salvador (Felanitx, in 510 mHeight) - which removes 1342 created monastery on that 509 m high Puig Sant Salvador, 2 km von Felanitx, was extended 1617 by the monastic church. A Marienstatue from that 13. Century is in as place of pilgrimage admitted church.
  • Ermitade Betlem (Artà)
  • Ermite de la Victòria (with Alcúdia, in 400 m height)
  • Santuario de Puig de Maria (Pollença, in 333 m height)
  • Santuario de Lluc (Escorca /Lluc in 550 m height)
  • Ermita deSanta Magdalena (Inca, in 304 m height)
  • Ermita de la Trinitat (Valldemossa, in 540 m height)
  • Cartuja de Valldemossa

objects of interest

Bucht von Sa Calobra
bay of SA Calobra
red lightning in Sóller
Sonnenuntergang an der Platja de Palma, im Winter
sunsetto the Platja de Palma, in the winter

reference work

between 1869 and 1891 appeared with Brockhaus in Leipzig a nine-volume monumental work of the famous traveler ore duke Ludwig Salvator, it is today still another reliable and exact certification thatTime. Title: The Balearen in word and picture.


see also

Web on the left of

Commons: Category: Mallorca - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wiktionary: Mallorca - word origin, synonymsand translations


German-language media



coordinates: 39° 37 ′ 0 " N, 2° 58 ′ 33 " O

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)