Maniok

Maniok
Maniok (M. esculenta), Rhizome after the harvest.
Systematics
Over department: Seed plants (Spermatophyta)
department: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliophyta)
class: Dreifurchenpollen-Zweikeimblättrige
(Rosopsida)
Unterklasse: Rose-similar (Rosidae)
order: Malpighiales
family: Wolf milk plants (Euphorbiaceae)
kind: Manihot
kind: Maniok
scientific name
Manihot esculenta
Crantz

the Maniok (Manihot esculenta) is a plant type from the kind useful plant Manihot in the family of the wolf milk plants (Euphorbiaceae). Other names for this useful plant and its agricultural product (the harvested Rhizom) are Mandioka, Kassava, Kassave or in Latin America Yuca.The cultivation of the plant is far common because of their stärkehaltigen root. It originates originally from today's Brazil and Paraguay and before the discovery America by the Europeans from the natives to the nutrition was already used. Meanwhile it becomes world-wide in many parts of the Tropics and subtropics cultivated. Also different kinds from the kind Manihot are used than strength supplier (see there).

description

Maniokpflanzen are large, perennial half bushes with large, knolligen Rhizomen. They have handförmig divided sheets. They form dreiknöpfige cap fruits.

use

Maniok Manihot esculenta, illustration.
Maniok (M. esculenta), Rhizome after the harvest.

The 30 to 60 cm is enough, together-standing in Büscheln, milk and for strengthen-flour-rich Rhizome contains prussic acid and is therefore poisonous. Symptoms of intoxication are ataxia and Amblyopie. By suitable treatment (strong heating) becomes howevervolatile prussic acid removes, and one receives then a good food. Maniok has however a small content of protein (only approx. 1.2%) and only very few essenzielle amino acids (danger of the Kwashiorkor - syndrome.) over to work against, are recommended the additional consumption of the protein-rich Maniok sheets.

ThoseUse of the tubers as food decreases/goes back to the natives of South America. Maniok is also today still another important basic food in Brazil, particularly in the north and northeast of the country.

Like many tropical useful plants the Maniok bush with small work expended supplies a high yield.

The tubers becomepeeled, ground and geraspelt and then eingeweicht. After some days one presses the mass out, washes her by the so-called Tipití and roasts her in furnaces. The mass staying in the press supplies the maniok or Mandiokamehl (farinha).

Maniokmehl can similarly as Weizenmehlare used. Humans with allergies against wheat and other grain use therefore frequently Maniokmehl than replacement.

A by-product of the production of Maniokmehl is strength (Polvilho), which, if it were roasted, is called Tapioka.

In other regions one receives something different in modified procedureProducts; also one prepares cakes (for example the Beijús) from the flour, which are more or less similar to our bread, and on the Antilleses one mixes the Mandiokamehl with Weizenmehl and bakes from it bread (Conaque).

One uses the fresh root as curewith ulcers.

The sheets Maniok as vegetables are eaten. The seeds of all three above-mentioned kinds work PUR-craving (exhausting) and nausea-exciting.

Delicious, which are made in Brazil of Maniok, are (and. A.) Beijú, Farofa or Tarubá. Particularly in Peru extremelypopular court is Yuca á la Huancaína; There Yuquitas gives it even with all large Fastfood chains as Snack.

Maniok is gladly used also in Central Africa (Cameroon , Gabon , the Congo etc.) intensively and. The flour (Foufou) often becomes for a kindKlossteig uses. The tuber is cooked gladly in steam or in water and fritiert pretty often. Maniokblätter are also a meal very much liked and with peanut paste, oil palm fruits or Kokosmilch are prepared. (And for European palates very habituation-needily) the Maniokstangen in-wound in Palmblätter is very popular(Bibolo). These are made by complete washing of the strength of the Maniokmehl and consist therefore nearly of pure glows. This solid, rubber-like, tranzluzide substance is fed as supplement to fish and meat.

Today Maniok serves and/or. Tapioka also increases as fodder plant for meat productionin the industrial nations, since it represents a cheap raw material for the fodder. This leads in the countries of origin to Monokulturen for the export. Thus the nutrition of the native population is endangered.

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