|of these articles is concerned with the city Mantua in Italy, other meanings under Mantua (term clarifying)|
Mantua (Italian Mantova) is a city in the Lombardei in Italy with approximately 65,000 inhabitants anda surface of 64 km ². It is capital of the province Mantua. Characteristics of the city are the Roman cathedral, the Renaissancekirche S. Andrea and the Palazzo Ducale. Mantua is one of the largest envelope places for agricultural products in the Poebene. The city is considered as place of birth Vergils.
Table of contents
Mantua was created by the Etruskern. Since 1328 there the aristocracy family of the Gonzaga , from the Roman-German emperors 1362 to counts, governed those 1433 to Mark count (Marchesi) and1530 to dukes were raised from Mantua. Emperor Karl V.secured for the Gonzaga as faithful allied one 1536 also the rule over the important Mark county Monferrato at that often contested French-Italian border. Temporarily the Gonzaga ascended thereby to one of the most important prince dynasties of Italy, a high pointthe art promotion reached they under Mark count Franz II. († 1519). A Nebenlinie of the mantuanischen Gonzaga was established in the county Guastalla, whose ruler Ferdinand (Ferrante, † 1557) in imperial-Spanish services ascended to the viceroy of Sicilies and governors of the duchy Milan.
Becoming extinct the mantuanischenMain line of the Gonzaga 1627 released the Mantuani succession war led between France and the having citizen around the strategically important duchy, which suddenly terminated the economic and cultural bloom time of the country. 1631 had the having castle he emperor the French succession candidates, the dukes of Gonzaga Nevers, as dukes of Mantuarecognize. In the Spanish succession war starting from 1701 again on French side against Austria, lost the last duke of Gonzaga Nevers 1708 its country Mantua, since the emperor set it off and Mantua since that time direct part of the having citizen realm became. Since 1745 part of the habsburgischen duchy Milan, stood for Mantua between1805 and 1814 under French rule;Napoleon I. there 1810 let execute the caught leader animal oilers of the rebellion , Andreas Hofer. 1814 became Mantua again Austrian and came only 1866 as consequence of the German war to Italy. Under Austrian rule the place was partthe upper-Italian fortress square (it.: Quadrilatero), which was established to 1815 for the defense of the Austrian possessions in Italy in the places Peschiera, Mantua , Legnago and Verona.
Nebenlinien of the house Gonzaga governed longer than raised in Mantua still in Guastalla, the 1621 to the duchy, and in the county Novellara was. This was annektiert 1737 by Modena, Guastalla fell after becoming extinct the there Gonzaga line 1746 at Austria, then at Parma. Riccarda Gonzaga, the fallen countess of Novellara and temporary Regentin of Massa and Carrara (1731-1741), died 1768.
Art and architecture
- Palazzo Ducale: powerful building of bricks, which contains four hundred one hundred dwellings. The most important work of art in the palace are Mantegnas Fresken in the Camera degli Sposi (1474 completes).
- Cathedral: Fünfschiffige Basilika of Giulio Romano builds. The front originates from the year 1756. BesidesRoman bell tower.
- Basilika Sant' Andrea: The draft is the last work of the Leon Battista Alberti (1470).
- San Lorenzo: Roman round church, which stands on an antique circular building. Probably an establishment of the Mark countess Mathilde of Tuscien.
- Palazzo del Te: 1525 to 1535 of Giulio Romano built
- Giovanni Paolo Bellinzani, Italian priest, composer and musician
- Rambold XIII. by Collalto, diplomat and general
- Carlo Farina, Italian Violinist, composer and Kapellmeister
- Giorgio Ghisi, Italian Kupferstecher
- Eleonora Gonzaga, youngest daughter of Vincenzo I. Gonzaga, dukeof Mantua
- Eleonora Magdalena Gonzaga of Mantua Nevers, third wife emperor Ferdinands III.
Web on the left of
Acquanegra sul Chiese | Asola | Bagnolo San Vito | Bigarello | Borgoforte | Borgofranco sul Po | Bozzolo | Canneto sull'Oglio | Carbon era di Po | Casalmoro | Casaloldo | Casalromano | Castel d'Ario | Castel Goffredo | Castelbelforte | Castellucchio | Castiglione depression Stiviere | Cavriana | Cerium era | Commessaggio | Curtatone | Dosolo | Felonica | Gazoldo degli Ippoliti | Gazzuolo | Goito | Gonzaga | Guidizzolo | Magnacavallo | Mantua | Marcaria | Mariana Mantovana | Marmirolo | Medole | Moglia | Monzambano | Motteggiana | Ostiglia | Pegognaga | Pieve di Coriano | Piubega | Poggio Rusco | Pomponesco | Ponti sul Mincio | Postage Mantovano | Quingentole | Quistello | Redondesco | Revere | Rivarolo Mantovano | Rodigo | Roncoferraro | Roverbella | Sabbioneta | San Benedetto Po | San Giacomo depression Segnate | San Giorgio di Mantova | San Giovanni del Dosso | San Martino dall'Argine | Schivenoglia | Sermide | Serravalle A Po | Solferino | Sustinente | Suzzara | Viadana | Mansion Poma | Villimpenta | Virgilio | Volta Mantovana |