Manuel there Silva Passos
Manuel there Silva Passos (* 12. May 1807 in Constância; † 26. April 1895 in Santarém) was an attorney and a politician from postage. He was an important leader of the Setembristen and several marks Ministers in different Portuguese governments. As such it initiated a set of crucial reforms in Portugal.
Passos practiced as an attorney in postage, where the Setembrismus had its largest support. He was selected as a delegate from postage into the Portuguese parliament, the Cortes, and attained there, during the cartistischen governments of the years 1834 to 1836 fast the Statur of an opposition leader.
1836 came it into Lisbon to the September revolution so mentioned. The cartistische government of the duke of Terceira had parliament to dissolve and new elections write out let. With these - probably due to electoral fraud - the Cartisten won, only in postage and Viseu setembristische delegates was selected, among them in postage also Manuel Passos. The election result did not reflect however probably the true tendency in the people, because as the setembristischen delegates from postage with Passos at its point to 9. Septembers 1836 in Lisbon arrived (the new Cortes should at the 11. Septembers to be opened), were enthusiastically received there them from the population. The national guard putschte thereupon against the government Terceira, took shelter to the Setembristen and proclaimed the re-establishment of the condition of 1822. Terceira sent itself troops against the insurgent ones, these fraternized however with the national guard. As a queen Maria II. it saw that it was not possible to suppress the rebellion decided to appoint it heavy hearts a setembristische government, into the Passos as „Ministers of the kingdom “(ministro DO reino) occurred itself. Passos reformed in particular the public education of the country, famous institutions like the academy of the beautiful arts and the national theatre by it is based.
After a Putschversuch of the queen and the Cartisten allied with it failed (the so-called. Belenzada, designated after the king palace of Belém, a suburb of Lisbon, in which the queen as well as its cartistischen conspirators had entrenchd itself), became finally the Mark count von Sá there gang Irish Republican Army, a further important leader of the Setembristen, head of the government. Manuel Passos played an outstanding role in the government as a Minister of Justice and financial further. It created in this time the bases for in its fundamentals to today unchanged Portuguese control system and compiled, together with its older brother José, a modern administrative proceedings law (código administrativo).
By its courageous, partially however, Manuel Passos had made itself reforms for its hurrying ahead far time under the Setembristen many opponents. These used the condition-giving Cortes meeting starting from 1837 as podium against Passos. He resigned and looked, the political plots and climbing plays tiredly, for a pretext, in order to be able to withdraw itself from the active policy. He found these, when the condition-giving meeting rejected the creation of the posts of undersecretaries of state, who were suggested before by Passos. Passos was enough thereupon to 10. May 1837 its resignation, which the queen, it accepted was personally unsympathisch to who, only too gladly. It then still sat up to the cartistischen seizure of power 1842 by the Putsch of the Mark count von Tomar as a senator in the second chamber of the parliament, however no more special role played in the Portuguese policy. The setembristische movement lost thereby one of its outstanding and charismatischsten leaders.
|NAME||Passos, Manuel there Silva|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||attorney and politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||12. May 1807|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Constância|
|DYING DATE||26. April 1895|
|DYING PLACE||Santarém (Portugal)|