Marcel Broodthaers

Marcel Broodthaers (* 28. January 1924 in pc. Gilles, Brussels; † 28. January 1976 in Cologne) was a Belgian artist

as young author and poet became acquainted with Marcel Broodthaers into the 1940er years René of liking rides and found connection to the group of the Belgian Surrealisten (Groupe Surréaliste révolutionaire). 1945 stepped Broodthaers with first poems to the public, which stood in the tradition of symbolism and Surrealismus. 1947 it signed the communist manifesto written by Surrealisten „Pas de of accomodation dans la révolution “. 1957 appeared further poem volumes. In the same year its first film developed, „for La Clef de l'Horloge - Un poème cinématographique EN l'honneur de briefly Schwitters “. Broodthaers worked into the early 1960er years as author of poems and essays in Paris, who update and further-think these from the aesthetic positions Rimbauds and Mallarmés coming. He finds contact parallel to representatives „of the Nouveau Réalisme “, goes however also this opposite own way.

1963 it decided to be artists and made its first exhibition with surprising objects from shells, egg shells and other materials, which already suggest purchases by SE to artistic forms. Its gesture, volumes of its poem volume is famous „Pense prays “ 1964 into a sculpture to transform, by coating and making it in such a manner illegible with Gibs. For Marcel Broodthaers were among other things also the museum enterprise, the art market and contemporary art theories the subject of its artistic work. At the same time analyzing the contradictions between word and picture in advancement of the work of its land man René of liking rides, exceeding however early the borders of the painting by it installations, sculptures, artist books, photographies and created films. In elaboration its questioning of the social role of the museum it created 1968 in its Brussels dwelling a “museum for modern trend art” and dedicated this in the form of different museum sections a number of large installations, which belong to the most beautiful and most intelligent, what in this at that time still new kind until today was made. It in such a manner created various both critically reflected and poetically complex and singular works. Thus for example Margrittes does not find famous picture „this is a whistle “(„Ceci n'est HP une beeps “) a institution-critical reversal in the humorous Diktum „this is a work of art " (1979), which marks each individual object in one of its installations. Broodthaers' work is considered in many respects as trailblazing to the development of the forming art in the 1980er and 1990er years. It has yardsticks set for an art, which along-considers its social purchases and whom requirement of sovereign self-sufficiency of art does not give up, but invents again and again again: “IL resterait alors à savoir SI l'art existe ailleurs que sur un flat négatif.” (Marcel Broodthaers)

Marcel Broodthaers established itself 1970 in Duesseldorf and pulled finally to Cologne, where he deceased to 1976.

works (selection)

  • 1957 La Clef de l'Horloge - Un poème cinématographique EN l'honneur de briefly Schwitters, film
  • 1957 Mon livre d'Ogre, poems
  • 1971 Fig. 0, Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. A (painting)

publications (selection)

  • to 1957 „Mon livre d'Orgre ", poems

exhibitions (selection)

  • 1964 park you Mont kind, Brussels, Belgium
  • 1965 palaces de Beaux Kind, Brussels, Belgium
  • 1966 Wide White space, Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1972 documenta 5, Kassel
  • 1974 palaces Beaux kind, Brussels
  • 1980 Gallery London, Gossbritannien 1981
  • Marcel Broodthaers, Rotterdam, the Netherlands 1989
  • Walker kind center, Minneapolis, the USA would do
  • 1991 gallery national one you Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
  • 1995 art museum Bonn, Bonn
  • 1997 centers Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain


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