Marianne Brandt

Marianne Brandt (geb. Love, * 1. October 1893 in Chemnitz; † 18. June 1983 in Kirchberg, Saxonia) was a German painter, sculptress and a Designerin.

Table of contents

lives

Marianne love spent its childhood in Chemnitz. Its parents Franz Bruno love and Clara Franziska love promoted the musischen interests of the three daughters. The father, an outstanding attorney, was member of the art hut and the theatre association and often traveled to Italy.

1911 decided Marianne love,to pull after Weimar and the free indication school of Professor. To visit Flitzer for one year. Subsequently, she prepared far for the university for screen end art, where she was taken up in March 1913 to the indication class. From the indication class it changed into thoseNature class of Professor.Fritz Mackensen. Later it deepens its studies in painting and plastics. Among their fellow students was Hans Arp, Otto Pankok and sculptor class Otto Lindig as well as her later married man Eric Brandt. In the First World War it interrupted its study; her professor Meckensenthe university had left. It was occupied mainly with landscape, haven guessing and act painting. Their first exhibition had it in the renowned Chemnitzer gallery Gerstenberger, where it issued its figurativen works, which follow the expressionism.

1918 left it finally the university and married 1919Eric Brandt. In the same year the “national building house was created Weimar” with the communist manifestos by walter Gropius. The two went temporarily to Norway, lived briefly with Eric's parents, from them however little support experienced and inhabited then a small restrained one-room flat. Eric had 1920its first exhibition in the art association Oslo. Marianne Brandt did not become domestic in Norway. The two undertook further study trips and remained for one year in Paris. To Norway and France they returned probably together at the end of after 1921 Weimar.

There it assumed seminarsthe university part, until it decided itself 1923 to go to the “building house “. Their man returned in the same year to Norway. At the building house it studied in pre-assembled-lets with László Moholy Nagy and makes first experiences with spatialness. To their further teachers belonged Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. 1925 moved the building house to Dessau. Still during the study she was appointed the kommissarischen chief of the metal workshop of the building house. Many well-known drafts developed during their study time. Lamps, which went partially into series, findsone today for example still in the museum OF decaying kind in New York. Some drafts, z. B. Ashtrays, are manufactured today still in unchanged form. 1929 made it their conclusion with diploma and cooperated in the building studio of walter Gropius in Berlin .

Afterwards it became a chiefthe draft department with the metal goods factory and there the entire program, which was intended for the mass need, renewed Ruppelwerke in Gotha. At the end of of 1932 became it to dismiss there. The divorce of Eric Brandt followed 1935. Until 1948 it was unemployed and dedicated themselves in this timeagain the painting.

Starting from 1949 she taught as Dozentin for wood, metal and ceramic(s) at the Dresdener university for work art. 1951 to 1954 were it woman employee at Institut for industrielle organization of the academy of art Berlin white lake.

In the year 1954 it returned finally to Chemnitz anddedicated itself to the free art and arts and crafts there. 1983 died it in Kirchberg.

works (selection)

  • building house metal workshop: Lamp drafts, dte excerpt burettes, coffee and Teeservices and ashtray
  • Ruppelwerke: Renewal of the entire program

literature

  • Vollmer: General encyclopedia of the educating artists 20.Century, Munich 1992, Bd. 1, S. 208
  • Anne Kathrin way: Marianne Brandt. Life and work. Thesis, Berlin 1995
  • Elizabeth Wynhoff: Marianne Brandt - photographies at the building house. Publishing house Hatje Cantz 2003. 104 S.
  • Hans Brockhage and Reinhold Lindner: Marianne Brandt - have I everthought of art Chemnitzer publishing house 2001. 235 S. ISBN 3-928678-63-9

Web on the left of

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