Marius Constant

Marius Constant (* 7. February 1925 in Bucharest; † 15. May 2004 with Paris) was a French composer and conductor of Romanian origin.

Constant studied price at the conservatoire in Bucharest piano and composition and received to 1944 the George Enescu -. it pulled 1946to Paris, where he was at the conservatoire pupil of Olivier Messiaen , Tony Aubin , Arthur Honegger and Nadia Boulanger. Its compositions won several prices. Starting from 1950 it employed increased with electronic music and became member of the Groupe de Recherche de Musique Concrète of Pierre Schaeffer.

In the time of 1956 to 1966 Constant conductor of the Ballets was de Paris, Roland Petit led. In these years numerous ballet compositions for Petit and Maurice Béjart developed, thus skin volume days (1956), for Contrepointe (1958), Cyrano de Bergerac (1959), Éloge de la foil (1966) and Paradis perdu (1967). For the Aix EN Provence festival 1957 it wrote a piano concert, admits became it however particularly by the premiere of the 24 Prélude led by Leonard amber pour to Orchestre (1958). Turner (1961) converted the pictorial language of the English painter William Turner in music.

1963 created Constant the ensemble of acre new facts, which itself as one the first particularly music busy contemporary with the performance. 1970 he took over the line of the music department of the ORTF; in the years 1973 to 1978 it held the musical line that Paris opera, and 1989-88 was it at Paris conservatoires the professor for Orchestrierung and instrumenting. In addition it informed at the university of Stanford (California) and in Hilversum. Further one balletdeveloped, so Septentrion (1975), Nana (1976) and L'ange bleu (1985). A world success became La tragédie de Carmen (1981), together with the director Peter Brook written a treatment of the opera Carmen of Georges Bizet.

Works

  • operas
    • La serrure (1969)
    • Le more souper (1969)
    • Le jeu de Ste Agnes (1974)
    • La tragédie de Carmen (1981; after Georges Bizet)
    • Impressions de Pelléas (1992; after Claude Debussy)
    • Teresa. Mélodrame fantastique (1995)
    • seasons of the EN more enfer. Mélodrame lyrique (1999)
  • ballet
    • Lejoueur de flûte (1951)
    • skin volume days (1956; in co-operation with Pierre Henry)
    • Contrepointe (1958)
    • Cyrano de Bergerac (1959)
    • Éloge de la foil (1966)
    • Paradis perdu (1967)
    • Candide. Mimodrama (1970; Concert version for Cembalo and orchestra)
    • Septentrion (1975)
    • Nana (1976)
    • L'ange bleu (1985)
  • orchestra works
    • piano concert (1957)
    • 24 Prélude pour Orchestre (1958)
    • Turner (1961)
    • Chaconne marche militaire ( 1968) Faciebat
    • et anno 1973 for 24 violins and orchestras (1973)
    • Gli elementi. Concert for trombone, caper orchestra and 2 horns (1977)
    • Symphonie pour instrument à vent (1978)
    • Nana Symphonie (1980)
    • 103 regards dans l'eaufor violin and orchestra (1981)
    • Pelléas et Mélisande. Symphony (1983)
    • L'inauguration de la maison for orchestras (1985)
    • concert for Drehorgel and orchestra (1988)
    • Choruses and Interludes for horn and orchestra
    • Concertante for saxophone and orchestra
  • chamber music
    • Bläsertrio (1949)
    • of 3 complexes for piano and retort bass(1950)
    • Ponant 19. Mouvement choréographique for piano and 19 instruments (1963)
    • wind for 14 Bläser (1968)
    • Traits for 6-25 instruments (1969)
    • Equal for 5 Schlagzeuger (1969)
    • 14 station for Cembalo (1969) Pour
    • prière for 7 instruments (1969-70) Moulins
    • à flûte et un instrument (1971)
    • 9 Mars 1971 for piccolo (1971)
    • stringer for 12 strike ago and electrical guitar (1972)
    • Piano person-gnaw for piano and 16 instruments (1973)
    • Silètes for Cembalo (1973)
    • For Clarinet (1974)
    • Psyché for 2 pianos and 2 Schlagzeuger (1975)
    • the separation. Caper quartet (1990)
  • vowel works
    • Les chantsde Maldoror for speakers, 23 instrument valleyists, 10 cellos and a Choreograph conductor (1962)
    • 5 chants et une vocalise for Sopran and orchestras (1968)
    • Trois of poèmes élastiques for choir (1987)
    • Oratorio droits de l'homme (1989)
    • Chant de retour. Oratorium (1995)

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