market right was the right valid in the market and mostly became as Unterpunkt as well as a municipal law, in addition, lent without this. It was the right to organize markets. Inhabitant oneMarket town held this right, foreigner could it temporally reduced acquire. With the market right the citizen right, which brought among other things the privilege to a better legal status and a lower control item with itself, in a market town was connected. With the receipt of theMarket right was also the choice of a market judge connected. This ensured with its assistants for the fact that it came to no palpablenesses at the market, or to tumults in the pubs. Because the market right permitted the holding of at least a fair and ofWeekly markets, with which regularly large crush prevailed, since numerous craftsmen and dealer offered their goods for sale.
Localities with market right had to be recognizable during the market times also as such. In addition different outside characteristics served, like for example flags or depending upon regionwith indications and symbols provided stone columns. These were set up before the entries to the market place, which was to be entered usually through lockable gates or gates.
The market right was issued the localities by the emperor/king of the holy Roman realm of German nation. One introducedthe market right in an administrative reform Heinrichs IV., which lent 1016 the Marienstift Prüm as the first pin in the German Reich Münzprivilegien and the market right.
The market right had again to be confirmed with start of each new national prince, for which a certain moneyto be paid off had.
„market “as place name
after the market right is not today otherwise regulated (in principle each municipality can hold markets), has the designation “market” a special contentwise meaning more. In Bavaria however municipalities on of them can do larger circle-belongingRequest also today still by the federal state government officially as the “market” to be explained. The Bavarian local legislation differentiates to that extent at municipalities circle-belonging between cities, markets and municipalities. “Market municipality” there is not the term in Bavaria. Basis is an appropriate regulation in thatGemeindeordnung for the Free State of Bavaria (Gemeindeordnung - GO). Here it means in article 3:
- Cities and markets are called the municipalities, which lead this designation after past right or to which it is again lent by the Department of State of the inside.
- The designation city or market may be lent only at municipalities, be corresponded those after number of inhabitants, settlement form and economical conditions of the designation.
For the award of the title “market” thus certain conditions are necessary. In particular a special or paramount meaning opposite the surroundingMunicipalities in cultural, economic or historical regard. One can classify the markets under Bavaria quasi between the cities on the one hand and the other municipalities circle-belonging on the other hand.
In Austria and in South Tyrol the award of the title “market municipality” is similarly regulated. Both inAustria and in Bavaria comes it isolated forwards that the term “market” is an official component of the municipality name, e.g. in Bavaria market Berolzheim, market Bibart, market a home, market Erlbach, market forest, in Austria market Piesting or Aschbach market, Aspang market or the principal place of a greater, like Ardagger market.
A title without right means that it does not have any practical meaning today in the principle more, whether a municipality may call itself as market municipality or not. If a municipalitya market, a weekly market, a flea market, fair or a world exhibition to organize would like, apply other criteria. The title market municipality is for this no condition. It is above all a decoration work for location marketing and for the public work of the municipality and hasin Bavaria and Austria, where tradition enjoys still another high value, quite its place.
Switzerland does not know these designations, however is some, also quite small Swiss of places, already in the Middle Ages to cities and/or. raised to small market towns. Although manyPlaces until are today perhaps still village small, call themselves to today some Swiss “small towns” proudly as city.
See also: Kinds of municipality