Markus (EH gelist)
Johannes Markus or Markus is a shape of the new will, after old-Christian tradition also the first bishop of Alexandria and the author of the Markusevangeliums. One ranks it among the three Synoptikern.
To table of contents
Johannes Markus became from Barnabas and Paulus on the first mission journey carried forward (Apg. 13,4), held out however not and turned around in Perge in Pamphylien . To the second mission journey Barnabas Markus wanted to again carry forward, but Paulus refused and selected Silas to the companion, during Barnabas alsoMarkus to Cyprus drove (Apg. 15, 36-40).
Later exists good relationship between Paulus and Markus, which are during the first shank with Paulus in Rome (Kol. 4,10, Phlm.24) and around its coming Paulus with itssecond Roman detention the Timotheus expressly asks (2. Tim. 4,11).
We find it later in Rome with Petrus (1Petr. 5,13), which calls it its son, which points on the fact that Markus came by Petrus to the faith. The staythe Markus in Rome is of importance for the drawing up of the Markusevangeliums, since Petrus was after the tradition the main source for contents of this gospel.
The assumption that Markus with the unknown young eye-witness of the capture Jesu (Mk.14,51f meant itself) - that only young man mentioned with Markus, whom a Roman soldier held to the garb on which it it stripped and naked fled -, is common property/knowledge of the Markusauslegung and also by the church tradition is supported.
Eusebius of Caesarea, Hieronymus and Epiphanias report,that Markus of the founders of the municipality in Alexandria was - which time of his arrival indicated as the forties or fifties-years. The koptische church sees it as its first Pope.
Sources from the fourth century report of martyr death of theMarkus in Alexandria.
after old-Christian tradition the gospel after Markus.
- catholic: 25. April (celebration in the general Roman calendar)
- Evangelist: 25. April
- Anglikanisch: 25. April
- orthodox one: 4. January or 25. April
Markus is the protection patron of the city Venice and the island Reichenau.
Reliquien of the Markus are in the Markusdom of Venice (where it in the early Middle Ages from Alexandria into the chapel of the Dogenkidnapped were and where then between 976 and 1094 the cathedral San Marco developed) and on the island Reichenau. A part of the venezianischen Reliquien 1968 became on the occasion of the 1900-Jahr-Feier of the establishment of the koptischen church at the Patriarchen ofAlexandria as gesture good intentions returned.
Markus is represented writing with a winged lion, because this stresses Kraft of the Auferstehung and death overcoming. It is already in 4. Century demonstrably and leads itself like the othersEvangelistensymbole from Apokalypse 4.7 off.
Web on the left of
|NAME||Markus (EH gelist)|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Markos I.|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||shape of the new will|
|DATE OF BIRTH|
|PLACE OF BIRTH|