Martin of route
Martin of route (Latin Martinus, * around 316/317 in Sabaria, Roman province Pannonien; † 8. November 397 in Candes with route in France) was the third bishop of route (France). It is one the most well-known holy ones of the catholic church.
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Martin of route, born 316 in Hungary as a son of a Roman military official, acknowledged in the year 356 by Christian conviction his war service as a Roman officer. Opposite the Roman Caesar Julian is it the words expressedhave:Until today I served you; it permits now that I serve God now. ... I am a soldier Christi; it is not permitted to me to fight.
As emergency aid and a miracle author Martin became fast in the entire Touraine admits. To 4. July 372 it was geweiht to the bishop by route. Instead of in the city toolive, built he outside of the Stadtmauern a monastery.
When Martin stayed as a bishop of route in Trier, the opponents shedding tables of bishop Priscillian von Avila this complained on in Trier before the emperor Magnus Maximus. On operation March in the terminatedMaximus the process, let it take up however after the departure March in from Trier again and to condemn Priscillian 385 to death. When Martin of the execution experienced, he protested with emperor Maximus just like Ambrosius of Milan and Siricius von Romsharply against this procedure.
When Martin 386 came to Trier, in order to use itself with Maximus for two trailers of the killed Gratian, he refused around Ithacius, which had operated or had approved of the condemnation Priscillians, the you air tables community to the bishops. UpTo begin with the pursuit of the priscillianischen groups and quite creditors with Martin connected asketischer groups Martin could threats of the emperor be moved to take up the you air tables community with the bishops involved at least during the Bischofsweihe of the Trierer of bishop Felix again.
around the year 338 was stationed Martin as a soldier in Amiens. On one day in the winter met Martin at the town-gate of Amiens a poor, unbekleideten man. Except its weapons and its military coat - at that time hardly moreas a rectangular cover - Martin did not carry for anything with itself. In a barmherzigen act it divided its coat with the sword and gave one half to that arms. At the following night then in the dream Christ appeared to it, dressed alsothe half coat, which Martin had given to the beggar.
Also a large number of miracles for example of Martin those are delivered, that it made dead ones again alive.
A further legend means that Martin in the year 371 in the city routefrom the inhabitants to the bishop to be appointed should. Since it had however different plans, it hid itself in a goose stable. Those excited schnatternden geese betrayed however its presence, and it had to accept the office for bishop. This event is at the 11. Novembertook place.
it because of its heroischen life holy was spoken, the Franconia king Chlodwig (of 482 - 511) raised Martin to the nationalholy and protector that Frankish - merowingischen kings. Its cult became however soon also inGermany, particularly in the Rhine country, likes.
The coat of the Hl. Martin (lat. cappa) belonged to the crowning treasure of the merowingischen kings and traveled with its yard from place of residence to place of residence. It was kept frequently in smaller than church room the serving premises, thoseafterwards also as chapels were designated. The Cappa accompanying clergyman, who took Kapellane, since they could read and write, apart from its seelsorgerischen obligations also the office of the yard and document writers truely. From this also the name explains itself yard chapelfor the royal Kanzlei of the Franconia realm.
The March in day is committed in many areas with removals and other customs.
- novel Mensing: Martin of route, Duesseldorf 2004.
- Joachim Drumm (Hrsg.): Martin of route: the life report of Sulpicius Severus, Ostfildern 1997.
- Clare Stancliffe: Pc. Martin and his more hagiographer: history and miracle in Sulpicius Severus, Oxford 1983.
- Jacques Fontaine: Vérité et fiction dans la chronology de la Vita Martini. In:Studia Anselmiana 1961, S. 189-236.
Web on the left of
|Commons: Martin of route - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
| | * Literature of and over Martin of route in the catalogthe DDB
- entry in the Ökumeni holy encyclopedia
- entry (inclusive Literature data) in the biographic-bibliographic church encyclopedia (BBKL)
- Biografie hl. Martin of route on-line (imitatio.de)
- the largest pc. - March in course in Kempen at the Niederrhein
- the CD to the Kempener March in celebration with traditional and new songs
|NAME||Martin of route|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||third bishop of route (France)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||316/317|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sabaria, capital of the Roman province Pannonien|
|DYING DATE||8. November 397|