Masuren

Segler in Masuren

Masuren polarize (. Mazury) is a landscape in north poles. The unofficial name Masurenland came into 18. Century up. Many, usually Protestant Masowier from Poland protection in Evangelist Prussia had looked for and in honours thatmany zugewanderten new Prussia it was then called Masuren (country) (see also to Masuren (people)).

Since 1945 Masuren is the largest sea-landscape of Poland, in former times southern East Prussia, 1410 to 1660 under Polish upper and/or. Leaning sovereignty. The population setfrom old Prussia, settlers from the Polish Masowien and German Kolonisten together and partly used itself beside German than traffic language Masuri, a Polish dialect implemented with German leaning words, starting from that the 19. Century ever more in favor of thatGerman language one gave up.

Table of contents

history

Fahrt in Masuren
travel into Masuren

1226 asked the Polish partial prince Konrad von Masowien the German medal for assistance against the heidnischen Pruzzen, those at that timealso Masuren settled. In response it granted them in the agreement of the Pope and the Roman-German emperor the right to keep the country conquered by the Pruzzen. In 13. Century subjected the German medal the Baltic prussischen trunks of the Sudauer and Galinderand the Sudauer resettled to the SAM country . To the area of the Masuren settlers from Westphalia and Lower Saxony immigrated, whom the German medal had enlisted. To 15. July 1410 became the German medal in the battle with fir mountain ofPoland Lithuania destroying struck. In the first peace of Thorn the Masuren was left against acknowledgment of the Polish leaning sovereignty the German medal. 1525 became the medal state, to which Masuren belonged, under Albrecht of Brandenburg to brook as now Fürstliches Prussia into a lay duchyunder Polish litauischer sovereignty converted. 1660 recognized the Polish king in peacetime from Oliva the independence of the duchy Prussia with Masuren under the Hohenzollern on. Masuren part of the Prussian province East Prussia became later.

Around 1875 used about 66% thatat that time about 400,000 inhabitants Masurisch and/or. Polish. 34% the inhabitant were German-language. In the context of the census of 1910 indicated about 29% the inhabitant Masurisch, 13% Polish and 58% German as native language.

During the First World Warfound here the battle with fir mountain (26. - 31. August 1914), the battle at the Masuri lakes (6. - 14. September 1914) as well as the winter battle in Masuren (7. - 27. February 1915) instead of.

After the end of the war Poland laid claims on Masuren. Inthe popular vote, which due to the clauses of a contract from Versailles in the governmental districts all stone as well as Gumbinnen (southern part) under the supervision of an inter+allied commission, was held decided at the 11. July 1920 the majority of the population (363,159 voices (97.86%)) forthe whereabouts with East Prussia. 7924 voters (2.14%) votierten for Poland with 80% election turnout.

In the context of the census of 1925 indicated 82% the inhabitant Masurens German, 11% Polish and 7% Masurisch as native language.

After thatEnd of the Second World War came Masuren 1945 to Poland. In January 1946 Polish People's Republic accomplished a census. About 160,000 inhabitants became as so-called. “Autochthone “seizes and received - with the edition of the nonusage of the GermansLanguage and the distribution of German-language pre and/or. Surname - a lodging right. The remaining inhabitants Masurens were classified as “Germans” and had to leave except for few exceptions Masuren. Into subsequent year tenth, in particular in and the 80's 70's, many moved to thatmasurischen Autochthonen as late repatriates into the Federal Republic. Today Masuren as well as the Ermland forms the Woiwodschaft Ermland Masuren (Polish Warmińsko Mazurskie).

religion

the inhabitants Masurens up to the end of the 2.Weltkriegs by the majority Protestanten were. Due to the escape andThe Protestanten only a small minority place driving out of Germans and by settlement of by the majority catholic Poland. Many church buildings were taken over by the catholic church.

literature

  • Andreas Kossert: Masuren. East Prussia the forgotten south, 3. revised edition,Settler publishing house, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-88-680696-0
  • Gert G. of Harling: 3-7888-1061-0 honouring hard hunt and in Masuren, Nimrod publishing house , 2005
  • , ISBN. Polling man: Book of pictures Masuren - a country as from another time, 2. updated edition, bridging man publishing house, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-7654-3908-8

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Commons: Mazury - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

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