Max Brauer

max of Brauer (* 3. September 1887 in Ottensen; † 2. February 1973 in Hamburg) was a German politician (SPD).

Max Julius Friedrich Brauer, as the eighth of thirteen children of a worker family born, completes teachings starting from 1902 as Glasbläser and engages themselves already early unionized and politically: 1904 entrance into the “cent ral association of the Glasbläser”, 1905 into the SPD (their local association in the vorpommerschen Damgarten it as 17jähriger along-bases). Since Brauer stands due to his activities soon on supraregional circulating “black lists” of the glass manufacturers, he must give the learned occupation up and returns 1909 to its in the meantime to Altona/Elbe eingemeindeten place of birth, where he finds occupation in the consumer, building and savings association (the “third column” of the German workers' movement).

In the 1. World war it is wounded and returns in November 1915 to Altona, where the genossenschaftliche meat processing plant “production” employs it in leading position. 1916 marry Brauer the daughter of a union official; in the same year he is selected as one of five Social Democrats into the Altonaer Stadtverordnetenkollegium.

After the war it becomes 1919 in a coalition from SPD and liberal of second mayors and city treasurer of Altona, 1924 successors of the deceased liberal of mayor Bernhard Schnackenburg. More for details over his working in Altona during that to Weimar time see Hamburg Altona#Geschichte.

Set off from the national socialists 1933 and temporarily arrested, Brauer emigriert into the USA.

With a Hamburg attendance in the spring 1946 - Altona was 1938 by the large Hamburg law in in common December - he speaks on a SPD meeting in planned un Blomen and inspires the listeners in such a manner that the SPD leaders request him to decrease/go back not to America but with the forthcoming elections to the Hamburgi citizenry as a leading candidate to begin. The elections end with a triumphalen success, because the SPD achieves 81 of 110 seats and Brauer becomes a first mayor. Max of Brauer nevertheless forms a coalition with the FDP, since it is convinced that the reconstruction of the destroyed city can be carried out only together by workers and Kaufmannschaft; this coalition is renewed after the citizenry elections 1949. 1953 come it however to the break, released by different conceptions in the school politics. The SPD loses the elections against the Hamburg block from CDU, FDP and DP under briefly Sieveking and must into the opposition go for the first time.

Brauer, obviously deeply disappointed over it that those appreciate Hamburg one its achievements of the reconstruction years not according to, leaves his political gone away Paul of many years Nevermann the guide roller in the opposition, however its citizenry mandate keeps. The fact that it did not give hope up for a continuation of its role in Hamburg yet shows up among other things in the fact that it rejects the requests of its there party friends, as successors of the deceased SPD mayor in Kiel (Andreas Gayk) and/or. To stand as a candidate West Berlin (Ernst Reuter).

1957 actually succeed it to Brauer to regain the majority and again he gets the FDP despite absolute SPD majority also into the government. After the SPD thinks vernehmbar over the “time after Brauer”, this withdraws in the Groll to the turn of the year 1960 /61 and by his financial senator Paul Nevermann is replaced.

In the autumn 1961 Brauer is selected as a leading candidate on that Hamburg SPD state list into the German Bundestag. The Bundestag mandate loses it however already 1965 again, when it is subject to later Federal Minister of Finance Hans Apel in an party-internal combat tuning around the direct mandate.

This gradual disassembly of a Galionsfigur of many years of the Altonaer, then Hamburg social-democracy leads A. Schildt (see literature) on the fact back that the type “shirt poor leagues, energy and guidance strength of representing politician” in the 60's no more into “so far the not known affluent society and the ever more complex structures of the government art” did not fit; Brauer did not see this, so that its career went “against its will to end”.

see also

to literature

  • Christa Fladhammer/Michael Wildt (Hrsg.): Max Brauer in the exile. Letters and speeches 1933-1946. Hans Christians, Hamburg 1994, ISBN 3-7672-1219-6
  • Axel Schildt: Max Brauer. Ellert and judge, Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-8319-0093-0
  • Arnold Sywottek: Max Brauer: Mayor - Exilant - first mayor. Reprint of 1991 in: National center for political education (Hrsg.), Hamburg after the end of the third realm: political reconstruction 1945/46 to 1949. Six contributions. Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-929728-50-8

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