Max Brod

max of Brod (* 27. May 1884 in Prague, at that time Austria Hungary; † 20. December 1968 in Tel Aviv) was a Jewish and German-speaking writer, who worked as writer, translator and a composer.

Table of contents


Brod as a son of a Prager of bank manager one bore. After completing the Stefan High SchoolBrod at the Prager Karl university took up law studies. During the study time it met to 23. October 1902 reads to Franz Kafka in the Prager „and speech-resounds the German students “for the first time. There Brod held a lecture on Arthur Schopenhauer. On the way homeKafka addressed it. In „Franz Kafka. A biography “writes Brod 1937:

„After this lecture Kafka, around one year the older one, accompanied me home. - It tended at all meetings that to participate Sektion' but we had each other up to then hardly considered. It would be also heavybeen to notice it that so rarely seized the word and whose exterior nature was at all a deep inconspicuousness, - even its elegant, usually dark-blue suit were inconspicuous and reserved like he. At that time however something seems to have attracted it at me, it was more unlockedas otherwise, however the endless home Begleitgespräch with strong contradiction began against my all too rough formulations. “
Max of Brod. Franz Kafka. A biography. Third, extended edition. Berlin and Frankfurt/Main: S. Fischer publishing house, 1954. S.57.

Brod and Kafka met from now on frequently, often daily, andremained closely friendly up to Kafkas death. Franz Kafka was repeatedly guest in the parents' house of the Brods and became acquainted with there also 1912 its later friend and got engaged Felice farmer, which was a cousin of Brods brother-in-law max of Friedmann. Together with Brods close friend Felix Weltsch and Franz Kafka formed these three for the close “Prager in such a way specified circle”.

After the successful graduation 1907 Brod received an employment after some detours at the Prager Postdirektion. Similarly as Kafka lured it above all the shorter work time, it sufficiently time left here overto dedicate itself its literary projects. But contrary to Kafka Brod became fast a successful writer.

beginning of the literary career

already with 24 years published Brod its fourth book, the novel „lock Nornepygge “, that particularly in citizen of Berlin literature circles enthusiastischas masterpiece of the expressionism one celebrated. By this and further works Brod became a well-known personality of the German-language literature. It promoted unselfishly writers and musicians; to of Brod belonged among other things the poet Franz Werfel promoted, with which it itself however lateroccasionally over-threw, when Werfel began to turn away from the Judentum and to the Christianity turned; also with the well-known journalist and writer gone over from the Judentum to the catholicism Karl Kraus supplied himself with to Brod polarize-mixes arguments. Max Brod was in the years before the First World War of one„Indifferent ones “become a conscious Jew, who - like Kafka - sympathized with the zionistischen project of Theodor Herzl.

The uncommonly versatile „Poeta doctus “(J. Urzidil) max of Brod, which was active also as translators, composer and a journalist and published several extensive philosophical works, carried underother one substantially to the fact that Jaroslav Haseks became popular „Schwejk “on citizen of Berlin stages played and a Czech author thereby. The operas Janaceks were specified on Brods initiative in European opera houses. Not least max became Brod the crucial promoter and Mentor of the works Kafkas.Brod tried again and again to support the doubting Kafka in its literary efforts and pushed it to publish its work. It is to be owed probably Brod that Kafka began to lead a diary. One arranged also common literary projects, but those were due to thatdifferent function of the two authors not feasible. Also after its marriage with Elsa rope victory in the year 1913 remained Brod further the closest friend and Bewunderer Kafkas, which assisted Kafka in its life crises again and again, whereby Brod on the other hand also for own problems repeatedly advice and assistanceKafkas searched and found.

after the First World War

as itself after the war Czechoslovakia constituted, became Brod vice-president of the Jewish national council at short notice. After Brod the postal service gave up worked it as art critic and a free author.

Brod as administrators of the estateKafkas

Kafka died 1924 and had last-willingly ordered to destroy all its literary recordings. As administrator of the estate it had used max of Brod. Brod however believed not to be able to answer for the arranged destruction of Kafkas notes culturally. It felt morally obligated, the world on lives andThink Kafkas for making attentive. Brod had praised Kafka as „the largest poet of our time “, when this still not one line had published.

Already 1925 began Brod with the publication of the novel fragments Kafkas. In the thirties-years followed one six-restrain expenditure for work and a biography Kafkas. Innumerous publications resisted Brod one of it as on one side outstanding interpretation Kafkas. Brod hated the term „kafkaesk “and was not convinced due to its long intimate friendship Kafkas that this word specifies accurately, what Kafka was not.

1939up to death

max of Brod turned under the influence Martin Bubers early to the Zionismus . This can be one of the reasons, why he emigrated 1939 to Palestine, as German troops in March 1939 the remaining areas of Czechoslovakia occupied and in such a way specified „Protectorate Böhmen and Mähren “established. Thus the life of all Jews of these areas was threatened.

In Tel Aviv worked and lived max of Brod up to his death in the year 1968 as free author, journalist and Dramaturg at the national theatre Habimah.

works (selection)

literary writings

  • lock Nornepygge (novel) (1908)
  • a Czech housemaid (novel) (1909)
  • the education to the Hetäre (novellas) (1909)
  • Jewesses (novel) (1911)
  • a fight for truth (Romantrilogie):
    • Tycho Brahes way to God (1916)
    • Reubeni, prince of the Jews (1925)
    • Galilei in shank (1948)
  • the woman,those does not disappoint (1934)
  • novellas from Böhmen (1936)
  • Annerl (1937)
  • Unambo (1949) (novel from the Jewish-Arab war)
  • the master (1952) (Christ novel)
  • almost an advantages pupil or a Piece touchee (1952)
  • poor Cicero (1955)
  • rebellious hearts (1957)
  • Mira (1958) (novel around Hofmannsthal)
  • youth in the fog (1959)
  • contentious life(1960) (auto+biographic writing)
  • the Rosenkoralle. A Prager novel. (1961)


  • Heidentum, Christianity and Judentum (1921)
  • starlit sky. Music and theatre experiences (1923)
  • Heinrich Heine (1934) (biography)
  • race theory and Judentum. With an appendix over the national human of F. Weltsch (1936)
  • Franz Kafka (1937, extend 1954)
  • On this side and the other world (2 volumes):
    • Of the Krisis of the souls and of conception of the world of the new natural science (1946)
    • of the immortality of the soul, the justice of God and a new policy (1947)
  • of Israel music (1951)
  • contentious life (autobiography) (1960)
  • Johannes Reuchlin and its fight (1965)
work on []

To Franz Kafka

  • Franz Kafka. A biography (1. Edition 1937) (further editions with extended extent followed. New edition: Over Franz Kafka, 1974)
  • Franz Kafkas faith and teachings (1948)
  • Franz Kafka as trailblazing shape (1951)
  • despair and release in works the Franz Kafkas (1959)
  • thatPrager circle (1966)


  • Wessling, Berndt W. Max Brod: Haven-guesses/advises. Stuttgart, Berlin, Cologne and Mainz: Kohl hammer, 1969. New expenditure: Max Brod: Haven-guesses/advises to 100. Birthday. Gerlingen: Bleicher, 1984.
  • Kayser, Werner. Max Brod. Hamburg: Christians, 1972. (Hamburg bibliographies;Bd. 12)
  • Pazi, Margarita (Hg.). Max Brod 1884-1984. Investigations to max of Brods literary and philosophical writings. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 1987.
  • Lerperger, Renate. Max Brod. Talent after many sides (exhibition catalog) Vienna, 1987.

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| | * Literature of and over max of Brod in the catalog of the DDB


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