Max Dauthendey

max Dauthendey (* 25. July 1867 in peppering castle; † 29. August 1918 in Malang on Java) was a German poet and painter.

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lives

the father of max Dauthendey, Karl Dauthendey, settled as German Kolonist in pc. Petersburg, where sieve its children to the worldcame. Three years before the birth max of Dauthendey to the family Dauthendey moved after peppering castle.

Dauthendey buildup in peppering castle as a son of wealthy parents and experienced a lucky childhood, which was clouded only by the early death of its nut/mother Caroline Dauthendey 1873. It was no simple pupil, since its interests were turned already early to the word and mark art and school learning less.

Dauthendey painter

wanted vocational plans to become, had however the will of his father to bend itself, that him as successors for the owner of his photo studiodetermined. The unloved activity in the studio of its father led in the years 1886 to always 1891 again to violent arguments. Dauthendey's renitentes behavior caused his father even to let it commit briefly to a mental hospital.

1891 separated Dauthendey finally from its father and pulledwithout own means to Berlin and later to Paris, in order to hire itself than free lance poet and painters.

journeys

different one journeys led it primarily to Scandinavia, where it became acquainted with 1894 Annie Johannson, the daughter of a Swedish wholesale merchant, thosehe 1896 married. In the same year its father deceased, so that he could undertake larger journeys for the first time due to his inheritance. Together with its wife it bereiste 1897 to 1898 North America from New York to Mexico and Greece.

citizens of Berlin of artist circles and furtherJourneys

1891 Dauthendey came to Berlin. Until 1893 it was in the surrounding field of the Friedrichshagener of poet circle and had contacts to Stanislaw Przybyszewski. He has Przybyszewski relationship with Dagny Juel and the relationship from it to EDP pool of broadcasting corporations Munch as triangle history in its Bohèmekommödie Maja(1911) processes. In the Friedrichshagener poet circle it maintained connections to Bruno will, Ola Hansson, Laura Marholm and smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Dehmel. It becomes of Przybyszewski as „Mimosa Pudica “calls, since it was noticeable with its amazingly fine, distinguished and hypersensitive kind.

From 1899 to 1905the married couple Dauthendey in Paris lived. Occasionally Dauthendey spent also again and again some time in peppering castle. 1905/06 it went alone on a large voyage round the world, which led it again across Egypt, India , China and Japan into the USA. After only short stayto Paris it returned to peppering castle.

Dauthendey ranked itself among that to its time antagonistic type of artist, for excluding its own conceptions considerably was full already and regarding as everyday things, as the concern around the daily life, on the support of his surrounding fieldleft. Since this surrounding field corresponded however not or not sufficiently to these expectations, economical bottlenecks, even also emergency, were the constant companions of Dauthendey and its wife, who move-rubbed its life just like its and its longing after exotic far ones determined.

The “dream house”

into the financial ruin drove it one 1912 spontaneously transacted purchase of land and the building of a house in peppering castle, for which the poet already who was to blame for fell itself into still larger debts. When the house was finally in the spring 1913, the Erschliesslung provedregarding road and water as not secured. Long continuous rainfalls in this spring cut the new home of one's own off temporarily from the environment. To 23. August 1913 always leaves Dauthendey its dream house and drives in short to Italy.

second voyage round the world

the partingfrom his wife before the start of his second voyage round the world in April 1914 should always turn out as a parting. Over Arabia and Java he traveled to new Guinea. On the return journey the outbreak of the First World War on Java surprised it. Here it became due to itsGerman nationality interns. Although his wife won influential acquaintance to use for Dauthendey's release even as well-known personalities could not obtain as Romain roll and and Bernhard Shaw its return to Germany. That spent four years already at the beginning of its obligation stay on Java on Malaria got sick to Dauthendey places welchselnden on such as Medan (on Sumatra), Garoet, Soerabaia and Tosani. The treatment by the German tropical doctor Professor. Dr. Schüffner made it time for the improvement possible, which he used for journeys on Java. Here also many of its poems and water colors developed.

Briefly before end of the war he deceased to 29. August 1918 at the age of 51 years in Malang on Java at the malaria. To 24. May 1930 was transferred Dauthendey's body after peppering castle and buried at the there main cemetery.

achievements

ofDauthendey made colors and tones certain free and rhythmic lyric poetry and Prosa one of the most important representatives of the Impressionismus in Germany. Its works are certain from the love to and the aesthetics of nature. With virtuoser language gift it set its sensitivity for reflectful impressions inimpressionistische word works of art over.

About its poems Stefan George, (it) said “was the only one, which stands there now in the whole literature as completely new… a strange art, which enrich enjoy let as music and painting, since it is both together. “

works

novels

  • Phallus (1897)
  • Lingam (1909)
  • the winged earth (1910)
  • Maja (1911)
  • robbery human being (1911)
  • the eight faces at the Biwasee (1911)
  • the spirit of my father (1912)
  • ideas out mean moving years (1913)
  • stories from the four hoists (1915)
  • the fairy tale book of the holy nights in the Javanerlande (1921)
  • Experiences on Java (1924)
  • Josa Gerth (1925)
  • remoteeastern stories (1930)
  • the garden without seasons and other stories (1954)
  • the most beautiful stories (1956)
  • of seven seas took me on (1957)
  • early Prosa (1967)

dramas

  • the Spielereien of an empress (1910)
  • a shade attackedthe table (1911)
  • Mrs. Raufenbarth (1911)
  • the Heidin Geilane (1925)
  • the child (1925)

lyric poetry

  • ultraviolet (1893)
  • Reliquien (1899)
  • the eternal wedding - the burning calendar (1905)
  • Singsangbuch (1907)
  • Lusamgärtlein (1909)
  • Weltspuk (1910)
  • collected poems (1930)

letters

  • the latter journey (1926)
  • Your picture (1930 ) calls me
  • a heart in the noise of the world (1933)
  • star discussion. Letters to the sister. Poems, peppering castle (easthope) 1996, ISBN 3-9805298-1-9

expenditure for work

  • collecting works (6 volumes, 1925)

literature

  • William Annecke: Max Dauthendey as dramatists.Resounds to the Saale: Univ. Diss. 1934.
  • On the traces of the poets in peppering castle, hrsg. v. Briefly Illing. Peppering castle: Hugendubel 1992.
  • Gabriele Geibig: The peppering citizen poet max Dauthendey (1867-1918). Its deduction as mirrors of lives and work.Peppering castle: Schöningh 1992. (= writings of city archivesPeppering castle; 9) ISBN 3-87717-766-2
  • Günther Hess: Max Dauthendey. 1867-1992, speeches to its 125. Birthday. Peppering castle: Easthope 1992. ISBN 3-9802568-6-3
  • Edmund Klaffki: Max Dauthendey's lyric beginnings. Ultra violet and early lyric poetry after the handwriting from the deduction. Frankfurt at Main: Likes. - Work. 1975.
  • Carl Mumm: Max Dauthendey's language and style. Frankfurt/Main 1925.
  • Daniel easthope: Max Dauthendey. A bibliography. Peppering castle: Easthope 1991. ISBN 3-9802568-2-0
  • K. Seyfarth: The erzählerische work of art max of Dauthendey. Marburg at the Lahn 1960.
  • Filters of seas accepted me. Life picture max of Dauthendey with documentsfrom the deduction, hrsg. v. Hermann Gerstner. Berlin: Ullstein 1990. (= Ullstein book; 22238) ISBN 3-548-22238-2
  • Elizabeth Veit: Fiction and reality in the lyric poetry. Literary world models between 1890 and 1918 in the seal max of Dauthendey, Richard Dehmels and Alfred Momberts. Munich: Univ. Diss. 1987.

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