Max Horkheimer

Horkheimer (left) with Theodor W. Adorno (in front right) and Jürgen Habermas (in the back right) in Heidelberg, 1965

max of Horkheimer (* 14. February 1895 in Zuffenhausen with Stuttgart; † 7. July 1973 in Nuremberg) was a German philosopher and sociologist.

Table of contents


Horkheimer, which from a Jewish manufacturer family originated, made for 1919 the Abitur in Munich. From 1919 to 1922 it studied in Munich, Frankfurt and Freiburg. it attained a doctorate to 1922 in Frankfurtwith Hans Cornelius and became thereafter for three years its assistant.1925 it habilitierte itself at the University of Frankfurt.

1930 he was appointed the full professor for social philosophy at the University of Frankfurt. He was joint founder and director of the institute for social research up to its locking throughthe national socialists. The emigration led it across Geneva and Paris to New York, where it created Institut for social research again to the Columbia University. it published 1947 together with Theodor W. Adorno the dialectic of the clearing-up, one of its Hauptwerke. 1949 turnHorkheimer to the University of Frankfurt back, where it could furnish 1950 Institut for social research again. Horkheimer was founders and publishers of the magazine for social research (1932 - 39), continued as Studies in Philosophy and Social Science (1940 - 42).

Together withAdorno is max of Horkheimer general agents of the critical theory of the Frankfurt school. Its pupil and successor on Frankfurt chair the Alfred Schmidt Noerr Horkheimers has “collected writings” given change together with Gunzelin forges.

Max Horkheimer is honour citizen of the city Frankfurt/Main and rests upon buriedthe Jewish cemetery Berne.


  • (Zs. with Theodor W. Adorno): Dialectic of the clearing-up. Philosophical fragments. Amsterdam 1947
  • for the criticism of the instrumental reason. Frankfurt/Main 1967
  • the longing after that completely different. Hamburg 1970
  • traditional ones and critical theory.Frankfurt/Main1970
  • over Kant's criticism of the judgement as link between theoretical and practical philosophy/max of Horkheimer. - Habilitaion. - Frankfurt, Main 1925. - 64 S.
  • Beginnings of the civil historical philosophy/max of Horkheimer. - Stuttgart: Kohl hammer, 1930. - 116 S.
  • The present situation of social philosophyand the tasks of an institute for social research: public start lecture with assumption of the chair for social philosophy and the line of the institute for social research to 24. January 1931/held of max of Horkheimer. - Frankfurt/Main: Englert & fitter, 1931. - 16 S.
  • Dawn.Notes in Germany [under D. Pseud.: Heinrich Regius]. - Zurich: Oprecht and Helbling, 1934, - 277 S.
  • Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno: Philosophical fragments [hektographiertes Typoskript]. - New York, Los Angeles: Institutes OF Social Research, 1944. - 336 S.
  • Dialectic of the clearing-up: philosopher. Fragments/max of Horkheimer and. Theodor Adorno. - Amsterdam: Querido, 1947. - 310 S. [= philosophical fragments, 1944]
  • to the term of the reason: Commemorative speech with the Rektoratsübergabe… to 20. November 1951/max of Horkheimer. - Frankfurt, Main: Monastery man, 1952
  • SurveyOF the social sciences in Western Germany: A report on recent developments/by max of Horkheimer. - Washington: Libr. OF Congress, Reference Dep., European Affairs Div., 1952. - 225 S.
  • Present problems of the university. [contains:] Academic study; Term of the education; Questions of university instruction/Max of Horkheimer. - Frankfurt, Main: Monastery man, 1953. - 39 S.
  • Over the German Jews. Lecture/max of Horkheimer. - Cologne: DuMont, 1961. - 20 S.
  • Around the liberty/max of Horkheimer. - Stuttgart: Europ. Verl. - Anst., 1962. - 41 S.
  • Over thatPrejudice. - Cologne [among other things]: Westdt. Verl., 1963. - 40 S.
  • Authoritarian state. The Jews and Europe [among other things]. Essays 1939 -1941/max of Horkheimer. - Amsterdam: de Munter, 1967. - 123 S.
  • To the criticism of the instrumental reason: from D. Lectures and. Note. sinceEnd of war/max of Horkheimer. Hrsg. by Alfred Schmidt. - Frankfurt/Main: S. Fischer, 1967.
  • Reason and self-preservation/max of Horkheimer. - Frankfurt/M. : Fischer, 1970. - 57 S.
  • The longing after that completely different/max of Horkheimer. An interview with comment of light courageGumnior. - Hamburg: Furrow Verl., 1970. - 90 S.
  • Traditional and critical theory: 4 essays/max of Horkheimer. - Frankfurt/Main [among other things]: Fischer library, 1970. - 230 S.
  • Socialphilosophical studies: Essays, speeches and lectures 1930 - 1972; with an appendix overUniversity and study/max of Horkheimer. - Frankfurt/Main: Athenäum Fischer paperback Verl., 1972. - 203 S.
  • Society in the transition: Essays, speeches and lectures 1942 - 1970/hrsg. by Werner Brede. - Frankfurt/Main: Athenäum Fischer paperback Verl., 1972. - 176 S.
  • Dawn: Notes in Germany/Heinrich Regius. - Fotomechan. Nachdr. D. Erstausg. Zurich, Oprecht and. Helbling, 1934. - [Frankfurt (Main)] : Edition max, 1972. - 277 S.
  • From puberty: Novellas and diary sheets/max of Horkheimer. - Munich: Kösel, 1974. - 374S.
  • Staudinger, Hugo: Humanity and religion: Exchange of letters and discussion/Hugo Staudinger; Max Horkheimer. - Peppering castle: Naumann, 1974. - 84 S.
  • The social function of philosophy: selected essays/max of Horkheimer. - 1. Aufl. this expenditures. - Frankfurt (at the Main): Suhrkamp,1974. - 298 S.
  • Economics, right and state in the national socialism: Analyses of the institute for social research 1939 - 1942/of max of Horkheimer…; hrsg. by Helmut Dubiel…. - Frankfurt/Main: European publishing house, 1981. - 366 S.
  • Horkheimer and Italy: Documents,Texts, interviews/max of Horkheimer. Hrsg. by Gerd van de Moetter. - Frankfurt/Main [among other things]: Long, 1990. - 300 S.
  • Studies over authority and family: Research reports from Institut for social research/max of Horkheimer; Erich pious; Harsh ore Marcuse. - Reprint of the expenditures.Paris 1936. - Lueneburg: to Klampen, 2001. - approx. 950 S.


  • Alfred Schmidt and. Norbert Altwicker (Hrsg.): Max Horkheimer today: Work and effect. Frankfurt: Fischer paperback, 1986. ISBN 3-596-26559-2
  • Rolf Wiggershaus: Max Horkheimer for introduction, Hamburg: Junius, 1998, To ISBN 3885069776

see also

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: Max Horkheimer - quotations
  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over max of Horkheimer in the catalog of the DDB


  • [1] text over the Antisemitismus concept with Adorno/Horkheimer

Essays on-line

further one on the left of


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)