Max dear man

max dear man (* 20. July 1847 in Berlin; † 8. February 1935 in Berlin) was a German painter. It lived and worked since 1884 primarily in Berlin.

Max dear man 1904

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max dear man became to 20. July 1847 born as a son of the wealthy Jewish Industriellen Louis dear man and his Mrs. Philippe (born Haller) in Berlin. 1859 pulls those of dear man alsotheir four children into the house to Paris place. With Eduard getting leg and Carl Steffeck get max dear man already in the school time private mark instruction - the first oil picture develops 1865.

After the Abitur it is written at the philosophical one Faculty of the citizens of Berlin Friedrich William university , visits there however no lectures. it begins 1868 as 21-Jähriger its art study at that Weimar academy, to the history painting taught there finds it however no entrance.

Only in realism and naturalism - among other thingsinspired of Mihály Munkácsy - dear man finds his passion. 1873 pull dear man to Paris and later after Barbizon over in contact with artists such as Munkácsy, Troyon, Daubigny, Corot, to come Millet and Edouard Manet - most attempts in addition fail.

Stevenstift in suffering

since this time collects dear man of pictures of the French Impressionisten. His friend Alfred Lichtwark, the director to that Hamburg arts center brought it to develop a collection of the French Impressionisten.

From 1874 to 1914 regular, mehrmonatige summer stays find in Holland, among other things in Laren (north Holland), Scheveningen and Noordwijk instead of. Here many pictures develop over the simple land life.

1878 pull dear man from Paris to Munich. For artistic studies it visited frequently the close rose home and the Inn valley.From this time the oil picture “Brannenburger beer garden " originates, oil on canvas, 71x105 cm, today in the possession national museum of the modern art, Paris. His picture the twelve-year-old boys Jesus in the temple is the cause for violent anti-Semitic excitations,in a two-day debate of the Bavarian federal state parliament culminate.

Back in Berlin the 37-Jährige marries 1884 Martha Marckwald. One year later comes its only child Käthe to the world. After the death of the nut/mother 1892 dear man with its family pullsinto the parental palace to Paris place. Two years later also the father, max dear man dies inherits the palace and a million-ability. By the higher social status also its mark style changes: Dear man turns from naturalism toImpressionismus and paints more Portraits.

Although dear man since 1897 professor of the royal academy and jury member of the academy exhibitions was created he 1899 together with walter Leistikow the citizens of Berlin Secession as Gegenpol to the unfashionable academy enterprise. Under its guidance as a president those attainsBerlin Secession an outstanding call and becomes the most important German institution for art.

1910 refers those of dear man the country house at the when lake. Dear man dedicates himself above all to the exact planning of the garden, the motive of most pictures of its late work becomes. 1920 becomeDear man president of the Prussian academy of the arts, 1932 their honorary president.

Parrot avenue

after the seizure of power of Hitler is socially outlawed dear man. In order to forestall the dismissal as a Jew by the national socialists, it withdraws 1933 as a honorary president.

As it of the window itsDwelling at the breaking citizen gate the torch/flare marching-up on the occasion of the seizure of power of Hitler saw, is to have said dear man: „I can eat not at all as much as I kotzen would like. “

1935 die max dear man after longer illness than 88-Jähriger in Berlin. It becomes upthe Jewish cemetery in Prenzlauer mountain buried, under that about eighty - of it more than forty are in particular well-known - mourning guests are also Ferdinand sour break, Hans Purrmann and Käthe Kollwitz.

Funktionen und Ämter


in the early French years dear man scenes of the land people, its life and its work painted. Became later Lovis Corinth, max of Slevogt and it to the three representatives of the “German Impressionismus in such a way specified “.

Motives of its painting were now scenes of the middle class, the layer, which it felt associated. In Berlin it was promoted to an in demandPortraitmaler. Many, which did not want to adapt to the order, could be painted by it. After purchase of its house at the when lake the there garden for over 200 pictures supplied the motive.

Shoemaker workshop


  • 1872, „goose plucking gutters “(under influence of the works HungaryMunkàcsy)
  • 1875, „crop of potatoes “(Barbizon)
  • 1879, „the twelve-year-old boy Jesus in the temple “, arts center, Hamburg
  • 1880, „old man house in Amsterdam “
  • 1881, “shoemaker workshop”
  • 1882, „would be open Polospiel in the Amsterdamer orphanage
  • “1883, „laundry-bleaches
  • for “1900, „bathing boys
  • “1902, „“, arts center, Hamburg
  • 1906, „landscapes of Noordwijk “, new national gallery, Berlin
  • 1912,Portrait „roll ago Nernst “(original verschollen)
  • 1925, „garden bank under the Kastanienbaum in the when sea-garden “
  • 1927, Portrait „Paul Hindenburg “


  • Marina Sandig: Dear man; A biographic time and culture picture of the Prussian-Jewish relationship of max dear man. Publishing house Degener& cost, Insingen with Rothenburg o.d.T. 2005, ISBN 3-7686-5190-8.
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| | * Literature of and over max dear man in the catalog of the DDB


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