Max Zimmering

max of Zimmering (* 16. November 1909 in Pirna (Saxonia); † 15. September 1973 in Dresden) was a German writer.


max of Zimmering was born as a son of a Uhrmachers in Pirna (Saxonia). Starting from 1914 it lived with an uncle in Dresden, since the father was drawn in to the military and the nut/mother had to move illness for the sake of to Vienna. From 1916-1921 it visited the elementary school in Dresden, 1921-1924 the Wettiner High School (up to the Quarta) and from 1925-1930 the upper six-form high school in Dresden Johannstadt. There he put also the Abitur down. Of 10. up to 18. Lebensjahr was it member of the Jewish youth movement (moving federation blue white and pathfinder federation Kadimah). 1928 it became member of the trade union and joined the communist youth federation of Germany . Since this time it was also literary active. First it wrote for the worker press („worker voice “, Dresden; „AIZ “, Berlin; „Red flag “, Berlin etc.) of poems, short Prosaarbeiten and glosses.

It was Agitpropleiter later in the KJVD in Dresden old part of town and in Dresden Johannstadt. In the same year it joined the Jewish worker and employee youth (JAAJ), the revolutionary trade union opposition (RGO) and the international red assistance .

From cause 10. Anniversary of the establishment the communist youth-international it became in November 1929 member of the KPD. In the same year it joined the federation of proletarian-revolutionary writers , whose member was he until 1933.

1930 received max of Zimmering a Lyrikpreis with the competition „of the link curve “, to the magazine of the federation of proletarian-revolutionary writers, for its poem „assembly-line “. Because of this poem and its cooperation at left newspapers as Oberprimaner before the final examinations the Relegation, which Zimmering, differently than his younger, at the same time gemassregelter Jewish youth comrade and friend Helmut Weiss at the king George High School escaped , threatened it briefly, because sufficient proof was not present that it really the author of some under „M.Z. “or „mix “published revolutionary poems was.

After the Abitur it began teachings as Schaufensterdekorateur at the company Tietz (supposed Hermann Tietz = Hertie ). After two years it became because of unionized work to dismiss. he found work to 1932 at the company Wohlwert ( Woolworth) in Dresden, became after a half year again to however already dismiss, since he had mobilized the central association of the employees in favor of the shop assistants. Now unemployed, he was occupied more intensively with the letter. Starting from 1933, after the seizure of power of the Nazis he continued to work illegaly for the KPD. In the middle of 1933 it had to emigrieren to Paris. he drove on 1934 to Palestine. There he worked in the illegal kp of Palestine. it went to 1935 to Prague and became there coworker „of the German people newspaper “, „the people pictorials “, „the international literature/German sheets “, Moscow, „the red flag “, Prague and some further Czech sheets. For the conclusion Munich agreements had it a new asylum to look for. Thus he came in March 1939 to England and lived there in Oxford and later in London.

1940 decided the British government to intern all male German emigrants. Thus max of Zimmering undertook one „involuntary voyage round the world “, which it described later in its book of the same name. It led it from the Camp Huyton with Liverpool across new South Wales and Victoria in Australia back to England on the Isle OF one. Owing to the efforts of the PEN and progressive parliament delegates he became in November 1941 from the internment to dismiss.

After its return to London he became an editor „of the free German culture “, London, a monthly review of the free German culture federation in Great Britain, to which he belonged as an executive member. In addition international literature cooperated and „the word “ ( both Moscow), „German people newspaper “and „red flag “ ( both Prague), „free Germany “, (Mexico) and „free grandstand “, (London) in the anti-fascist emigration magazines „. Further it participated in the work of the group of emigration of the KPD , belonged to London Centre of the PEN and the German international PEN in London and was member of the free German movement in London.

1946 it could return by the assistance of Egon Erwin Kisch with a Czechoslovakian Repatriantentransport to Dresden.

Here it became 1946 member of the SED, the FDGB and the culture federation. 1949-1953 it was following regional chairmen of the VVN Saxonia, 1950-1952 delegates in the federal state parliament Saxonia, to 1958 of delegates in the district day of the district Dresden. From 1952-1956 Zimmering was 1. Chairman of the German writer federation in the district Dresden, 1956-1958 1. Secretary of the German writer federation in Berlin. From 1958-1964 he worked as a director of the institute for literature „Johannes R. Cup “in Leipzig.

1963 became Zimmering candidate of the ZK of the SED.

Starting from 1964 up to its death it lived as free lance writers in Dresden. it received the national price of the GDR to 1969.


  • H. Riedel, max of Zimmering, in: Literature of the GDR. Single representations, volume 1, Berlin 1974

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| | * Literature of and over max of Zimmering in the catalog of the DDB



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