a strait (also: Meeresstrasse; English. sound [saʊnd], strait [stɹeɪt]; in the Scandinavian languages: Sund [sɵnd]) is a place of a sea, to itself two the land massesclose come and so a bottleneck of the sea form. Straits are (and were above all in former times) from great strategic importance for the navigation. The counterpart is the land tightness.
Straits were already in the antiquity due to their strategic meaning desiredAreas. Their control could lend substantial power, therefore they were often object of political influencing control.
The Bosphorus and the Dardanellen were in history particularly contest. It is assumed that the Trojan war was not least led, around control of Trojasto terminate over the Dardanellen. In the CAN dia. war (around Crete) the Venezianer blocked in 17. Century aimed the Dardanellen, in order to worsen the supply situation in the Osmani realm, particularly in Istanbul. The question around control of Bosphorus andDardanellen contributed 1914 to the connection of the Osmani realm to the Central Powers , successfully with whose assistance the Turks could defend the straits 1915/1916 in the battle of Gallipoli in the First World War against the Entente, before the Osmani realm finally 1918broke down.
In order to bring the road of Gibraltar and with it the sea route of the Atlantic ocean into the Mediterranean under control, Great Britain conquered 1704 together with the Dutchmen Gibraltar and made rock and city 1830 the British crowning colony. It becamein particular with the opening of the Sueskanals still more importantly, since it secured with it also the sea route to the British colony India.
By the maritime law it sübereinkommen is internationally guaranteed that ships and aircraft have the right of the unhindered transit passage by straits. However appliesin a strait, which is formed by an island of a strait neighboring country and its mainland, this right not, if seewärts the island a sea route equally suitable in navigational and hydrographic regard is present by the high sea or an exclusive economic zone.
- North Sea - Atlantic
- Baltic Sea including Kattegat
- Atlantic - Norwegian sea
- black sea - Asow sea
- Tyrrheni sea - Ioni sea
- Adriati sea - Ioni sea
- Arab sea - Persian Gulf
- Red Sea
- Indian ocean - Pacific ocean
- Japanese sea - Pacific ocean
- Pacific ocean - round Vancouver Iceland (Canada)
- Pacific ocean - bay of San Francisco
- Atlantic ocean - Pacific ocean
- Pacific ocean - arctic ocean
- Atlantic Arctic ocean: