Long-tailed monkeys

long-tailed monkeys
Brazzameerkatze (Cercopithecus neglectus)
Systematics
Subordination: Drying nose ape (Haplorhini)
partial order: Old world ape (Catarrhini)
family: Long-tailed monkey-related
(Cercopithecidae)
Unterfamilie: Cheek bag ape
(Cercopithecinae)
tri bus: Long-tailed monkey-well-behaved (Cercopithecini)
kind: Long-tailed monkeys
scientific name
Cercopithecus
Linnaeus, 1758

(actual ones) the long-tailed monkeys (Cercopithecus) are oneKind of the Unterfamilie of the cheek bag apes within the Primatenfamilie of the long-tailed monkey relatives. The Greens long-tailed monkeys (chlorine Organization for economic cooperation and development bus), which are dwarf long-tailed monkeys (Miopithecus) and the sump long-tailed monkey (Allenopithecus) own in each case kinds and here not treated. Together with the Hussar ape all specified above formKinds the generic's group of the long-tailed monkey-well-behaved (Cercopithecini) or long-tailed monkeys in the broader sense. The kind Cercopithecus covers approximately 25 kinds.

Table of contents

Etymologie

the German name „long-tailed monkey “is since that 16. Century admits. For the origin of this unusual name there are two hypotheses: On the one hand it is assumed that the animals therefore have their name that they resemble cats and over the sea of Africa afterEurope were brought. On the other hand one believes that itself the name of the Sanskrit - word „markata “, which ape means, derives. In order to make the thing still more complicated, completely different animal species, the earth male from the family of the Mangusten in English , becomes when „meerkat “designates.

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Spreading

long-tailed monkeys live in Africa south the seeing era, their circulation area extends on Guinea over the southern Sudan until South Africa.

description

long-tailed monkeys have a round head, a slim body, long rear member masses and a long tail. The basic colourthe skin varied of yellowish green over bluish grey up to red-brown and black, most kinds have however skin designs in the face, like remarkably colored sideburns, a nose mark or over eye strip. Long-tailed monkeys reach a head fuselage length from 32 to 70 centimeters and a weight of up to 12Kilogram.

to way of life

dia. the long-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus mitis)

long-tailed monkeys seem in a set of Habitaten, one finds her in rain forests, Mangrovenwäldern, in addition, in savannahs. Completely treeless areas avoid it however. They are skillful Kletterer and Springer, arise however quite oftenthe soil. In the case of a threat and for sleeping they withdraw themselves to trees. Long-tailed monkeys are day-actively, most actively are them on the early morning and in the later afternoon and evening.

Long-tailed monkeys live in groups, which cover usually 10 to 30 animals, occasionally however outup to 200 individuals to exist can. Smaller groups consist of a only one sex-ripe male, several females and their new generation, larger groups also from several males. Most male animals abandoned after their group, sometimes form several of these males temporary groups of moving. Long-tailed monkeysif territorial animals, however majority are conflicts with other groups avoid. Sometimes they associate themselves with one gifts or stub apes. Long-tailed monkeys know a multiplicity of cries, which are to refer other groups to the own district, for the warning or for finding group members serve, in addition, joy,Pain or sadness to express can. For communication they use also Grimassen like a pulling up of the brows or the Flet teeth. Long-tailed monkeys welcome each other, by pressing their noses together and maintain themselves often mutually the skin.

natural ones of enemies

to the naturalEnemies of the long-tailed monkeys count large grab birds, queues, Paviane and leopard, the largest threat are however humans (see below). Researchers proved that the long-tailed monkeys developed different also in each case sound sequences for the warning of their group members before these different sources of danger, there after thatspecial warning calls also always different reactions of the other group members adapted to the respective threat took place.

food

long-tailed monkeys are primarily Fruchtfresser, which take however also different plant parts and meat to itself. Their food consists beside fruits of sheets, blooms, seed, bird eggs,Insects and small vertebrate animals (like Küken or small Echsen). They stow often found food away in their cheek bags, in order to be able to verzehren it later in peace.

reproduction

owl head long-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus hamlyni)

the birth of long-tailed monkey babies falls usually to the end of the drying time,so that the boys in the period of the food abundance to grow up can. Usually an individual young animal comes to the world, although Zwillingsgeburten occur occasionally. The carrying time amounts to usually five to seven months. Long-tailed monkey boy in the second life half-year is cured and to reach the sex-ripe with approximately four tosix years. The highest well-known age of a long-tailed monkey amounted to 33 years, in the free game course lies life expectation at approximately 20 years.

long-tailed monkeys and humans

in some regions are long-tailed monkeys unpopularly, because sometimes they devastate fields and Plantagen with the food search. Alsoas carriers of diseases like the yellow fever they are feared. Sometimes on the other hand they are as laboratory animals in use and play with their fruit food an important role during the spreading of the seeds. The loss of their habitat by transformation in field and Viehweiden places today thoseMain threat of the long-tailed monkeys, to a smaller extent is added still the hunt for their meat. The IUCN lists five kinds as threatened and five further than endangered.

the kinds

it are differentiated approximately 25 kinds of the long-tailed monkeys:

literature

  • Thomas Geissmann: Comparative Primatologie, Springer publishing house 2002, ISBN 3540436456
  • Ronald M. Nowak: Walker's Mammals OF the World. John Hopkins University press, 1999 ISBN 0801857899

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