|of these articles describes the city Meissen; for other meanings see Meissen (term clarifying).|
|Coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Saxonia|
Coordinates: 51° 09 ' N, 13° 29 ' O 51° 09 ' N, 13°29 ' O
|height:||106 m and. NN|
|surface:||30.9 km ²|
|inhabitants:||28.544 (30. September 2005)|
|Population density:||923 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip codes:||01654 - 01662|
|municipality key:||14 2 80240|
|city arrangement:||12 quarters of urban districts|
of the city administration:
| Market 1|
Meissen (sorbisch: Mišno, Latin: Misena, of Germanic - slawisch: Misenaha - nhd. Meisenbach - oneVerkürzung of this name is still in the brook flax Meisa contained) is the district town of the district of the same name in the Free State Saxonia and has scarcely 30,000 inhabitants.
Table of contents
the city Meissen - approx. 25 km northwest from Dresden, approx. 100 km east of Leipzig andapprox. 40 km northeast from free mountain (Saxonia) - the Triebisch is because of the exit of the Elbtalkessels at the Elbe and its tributary . East of Meissen Coswig and Radebeul , which represent practically the Villenvororte of Dresden, lie however independent citiesare. Lowest point of the city is the middle water level of the Elbe with 95 m height over NN.
old part of town - Plossen - Cölln - Questenberg - Triebischtal - Bohnitzsch - Spaar - Zaschendorf - Lercha - Niederfähre - Zscheila - monastery houses
below around the year the 929by emperor Heinrich I. developed created castle “Misnia” Meissen of the initial market settlement end 12. Century to a city (municipal rights 1332 testifies documentary). In the course here of the 1539 imported reformation the three monasteries were dissolved and in the formerFranziskanerkloster a city school furnished. Starting from 1543 the prince school is in the former monastery pc. Afra. Economically Meissen long time was determined by the Tuchmacherei, which however almost succumb by the dreissigjährigen war to came. 1710 became under August the strong one the Porzellanmanufaktur opens, set which new impulses.
Until 1423 the Mark county Meissen existed. Well-known Mark counts von Meissen were the Wettiner Konrad the large one, Otto that realms, Dietrich the pressed one, Heinrich of the Erlauchte and Friedrich the contentious one , the cure prince from Saxonia became.
The Meissner cathedral and the Albrechtsburg coin/shape the silhouette of Meissen. Around 1250 with the building of the cathedral one began. Starting from 1470 under Arnold of Westphalia the Albrechtsburg was established.
The historical city center becameby the Elbe flood heavily damages 2002.
development of the number of inhabitants (starting from 1960 31. December):
1834 to 1946
1950 to 1997
1998 to 2004
- data source starting from 1994: Thüringer national office for statistics
1 29. October
2 31. August
culture and objects of interest
- Meissner cathedral
- Porzellanmanufaktur Meissner porcelain
- old part of town
- lock sharp mountain
- lock filter oaks
on one weekend at the end of of Septembers takes place the wine celebration.
the area of cultivation of wine around Meissen is considered as the northernmost commercial Weinbaugebiet of the world. It particularly brings with connoisseurs estimated, dry wines out.
Those Meissner Fummel is a blown up and very fragile pastry. This was allegedly invented, in order to educate one the drunkennessness zugetanen messengers of the Saxonian king: this had Fummel after the journey intact to show, what with road conditions at that time not inwas possible for trunkenem condition.
The area around Meissen is an area of cultivation of fruit, in which also still some older apple places are.
economics and infrastructure
Meissen are under over the Elbe by the Saxonian steam navigation companyOther one connected with Dresden. Further the federal highway B6 leads by the center of Meissen. Over a line Meissen is likewise connected with Dresden and Leipzig. Meissen is thereby western terminator point of the Dresdener rapid-transit railway line S1.
- Cable works Meissen
- UKM Meissen
- national porcelain Manufaktur Meissen GmbH
- DURAVIT porcelain ware Meissen GmbH
- tvM - Meissen television
- professional school of the Saxonian administration
- Saxonian national High School sank Afra (former prince school, today high talented promotion)
- High School Franziskaneum Meissen
sons and daughters of the city
- Adelheid of Meissen, böhmische queen († 1211)
- 1416, duke Sigismund of Saxonia, † in Rochlitz, bishop von Würzburg
- 1468, 13. June, Johann the steady one, † 16.August 1532 in Schweinitz, cure prince of Saxonia
- 1616, Johann Klaj, † 16. February 1656 in Kitzingen, poet
- 1755, 10. April, Christian Friedrich Samuel cock man, † 2. July 1843 in Paris, physician, founder of the classical Homöopathie.
- 1819,26. March, Louise petrol Peter, † 13. March 1895 in Leipzig, authoress, Frauenrechtlerin.
- 1871, 22. March, Franz Adam Beyerlein, writer
- 1909, 22. May, Rudolf mountain other, † 10. April 1970 in Dresden, painter
- 1936, 1. June, Peter then, Actors, director and theatrical director
- 1944, 3. May, Gernot Erler, politician (SPD), Ministers of State in the Foreign Office
- 1948, 14. December, Kristina Handke, authoress, Dramaturgin and radio play authoress
- 1962, 10. June, Ralf Schumann, sport contactor, olympia winner 1992, 1996 and 2004 alsothe high-speed fire pistol.
personalities, those worked locally
- the most well-known bishop von Meissen were Benno of Meissen.
- A famous pupil of the fürstlichen national school pc. Afra was Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1741-1745).
- Closely connected with the porcelainis Johann Friedrich Böttger (* 4. February 1682 in Schleiz; † 13. March 1719 in Dresden)
- Academy of Sciences of the GDR (Hrsg.): Elbtal and release hill country with Meissen. Results of the heimatkundlichen stocktaking in the areas of deer stone and Meissen. (Values of our homeland Bd. 32), Berlin 1979.
- Gröger, Helmuth: Thousand years Meissen, Meissen1929, publishing house of C.E. Klinkicht & son, XVIII, 735 S.
- Mrusek, Hans Joachim: Meissen, Leipzig 1989, E.A. Sailor publishing house, 3. , edition improved. 235 (1) S.
- Rauda, Fritz: Meissen - the thousand-year old Saxonian Elbstadt. Augsburg 1929
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