the mastership examination relating to crafts is by one at the seat of the chamber of trade established national test authority (Meisterprüfungsausschuss) removed proof over the capability to lead a crafts enterprise independently and train the apprentices duly, furthermore for the presence of the necessary technical, economical, commercial, legal and occupation-educational knowledge; entitled to the guidance of a Meistertitels. The existed mastership examination with the master's certificate is recorded after § 51 of the law for the order of the handicraft (HandwO).
The training as the master craftsman and the examination are arranged into four parts.
- practical examination,
- fachtheorethische examination,
- economic and legal examination,
- occupation and work-educational examination.
The parts of 3 and 4 are alike for all skilled trades. Duration and contents of the training of the parts of 1 and 2 are dependent by the respective occupation in that the mastership examination to be put down are. A condition for the permission for the mastership examination is, usually, a successfully taken associating examination in the handicraft in that the mastership examination to be put down is, as well as an at least 3-jährige professional experience; this professional experience was void after amending the handicraft ordinance. So one knows the mastership examination placing now directly after the associating examination.
The examination is considered as existed, if in none of the test parts a worse note than were obtained sufficiently (4). Within the individual parts of the examination there is however check fan. With a worse note as sufficiently in one the check fan the examination than existed does not apply, even if a better note than were sufficiently obtained on the average.
In many skilled trades also a mastership examination work (masterpiece) must be made in the practical examination, beside a work sample.
For the industriellen economic sector exists lay the possibility of taking an industrial mastership examination. This advanced training examination has to transfer contrary to the mastership examination relating to crafts, not the goal of the independent guidance of an enterprise, but qualified for it executive functions in an industrial company. Nevertheless a Industriemeister can let itself be registered into the handicrafts register and is entitled its own enterprise to be thus likewise led. Likewise a component of the ascent advanced training to the Industriemeister is the erforlgreiche conclusion of the teacher qualification test. Thus also the Industriemeiser is to be trained entitled training in its field of activity. The legal basis of the industrial mastership examination can be a statutory order of the Federal Ministry for education and research or one of a Chamber of Commerce and industrie as 'competent authority ' issued test order. Industrial mastership examinations are removed from Prüfungsausschüssen, which are destined of the competent authority.
Further also mastership examinations before other chambers can, like e.g. the Landwirtschaftskammer to be put down.
The existed mastership examination is usually also the condition for the permission for the advanced training examination for the operation manager (HWK), in former times operation manager of the handicraft. Here economical knowledge, optimized to enterprises with up to 25 coworkers, is to be extended.