of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see melon (term clarifying).

Melon one calls occurring plants with large, juice-rich fruits in the Tropics. They belong to the family of the cure until plants, however contrary to other representatives of this family than fruit are used. The name originates from the Greek one and means “large apple”. It is differentiated mainly between sugar melons and Wassermelonen. The term honey melon is used frequently as synonym for sugar melon, describes however strictly speaking the sugar melon subspecies (Cucumis melo ssp. melo var. inodorus).

Melons are regarded in the Botanik not as group of relationship, the sugar melons (Cucumis melo) are more closely related to the cucumbers than with the Wassermelonen (Citrullus lanatus).

important kinds of melon

net melons

sugar melons (Cucumis melo), approx. 500 sorts

  • Cantaloupe melons, wart melons (Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis), wart-like bowl
    • Charentais melon - whitish with dark strip
    • Ogen melon - yellow, approximately
  • net melons (Cucumis melo var. reticulatus), netlike bowl
  • honey melons (Cucumis melo ssp. melo var. inodorus), smooth-shelled
    • Kanari melon - yellow, oval, reminds of Rugbyball
    • Casabamelone - yellow, approximately
    • Honey Dew

Wassermelonen (Citrullus lanatus), approx. 150 sorts

  • Sugar baby - dark-green, approximately
  • Crimson Sweet - dark-green-lightgreen touched, oval


ripe Wassermelonen sound hollow and dull when knocking, while unreife melons give hardly a noise of itself. Even if melons still after-mature at home, the melons already developed on the field have the most intensive flavour. The süssliche smell of the fruit is another characteristic the ripe one. Compared with unreifen equal in size ripe melons are besides more heavily.

The lower surface of the melon, which was in contact with the soil, changes when maturing the color of white or for pale green too easily yellowish. The color of the bowl is nevertheless no characteristic for the ripe one, at a brownish or even damp handle beginning shows themselves however an overripe fruit.

If the fruit unreif is, one should not eat it, since this exhausting can work.

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Wiktionary: Melon - word origin, synonyms and translations

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