|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Saxonia-Anhalt|
|geographical location:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 22 ' N, 12° 00 ' O 51° 22 ' N, 12° 00 ' O
|height:||88 m and. NN|
|surface:||36.08 km ²|
|inhabitants:||34.790 (30.June 2005)|
|Population density:||964 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip code:||06217|
|Kfz characteristics:||MQ (in former times: MER)|
|Municipality key:||15 2 61 036|
|address of the city administration:|| City Merseburg|
p.o. box 16 61
|mayor:||Pure hard Rumprecht|
Merseburg is a city in Saxonia-Anhalt and administrative seat of the district Merseburg Querfurt, south of resounds (Saale). Together with resounds, for wolves and bitter field forms it a population centre, which is also called because of the prevailing branch of industry “chemistry triangle “and also over the national border to Leipzig is enough. Directly at Merseburg the chemistry enterprises of Buna ( Schkopau) and Leuna border.
Table of contents
Merseburg is because of the eastern edge of the Querfurter plate predominantly on the left bank of the Saale, in in the citythe hostages flows. The city forms the gate to lock and for castle-rich region of the Saale - Unstrut - valley. Northeast Merseburg borders on the Saale Elster Aue, west on the open mining subsequent landscape of the hostage valley.
Merseburg is accurately on that 12. Degree of longitude.The degree of longitude crosses the city on the line palace garden salon, palace garden, office before lock & Vorschloss of the Merseburger of lock, cathedral place 2, custom gallery, castle route 21, Rossmarkt, Herdergymnasium up to the hall cycle path east the Merseburger natatorium.
Merseburg is seat of the professional school Merseburg.
the places Annemariental
, Elizabeth height, Freiimfelde, Kötz, Meuschau, new market and Werder belong to expansion of the city to the municipality.
Merseburg is tied up over the connection point Leipzig West/Merseburg to the A9 (Berlin Munich). At the south resin motorway A38 (/Leipzig Goettingen-resounds) the departures Merseburg north and Merseburg south represent a favorable connection to the city. By Merseburgzieht sich die B91 Halle-Merseburg-Weißenfels-Zeitz, welche im Bereich Halle-Merseburg als Schnellstraße ausgebaut ist. Further here the federal highway 181 begins to Leipzig, which is partly vierspurig developed in Merseburg. Connection to the railway system exists by the railway line Berlin resound Erfurt Frankfurt, moreover take herethe distances after Mücheln Querfurt and sheep city their starting point. It exists one in to 60's the built interurban train after resounding new city over Buna works. 1998 the railroad line was shut down to Leipzig.
apart from the lay meaning of the city Merseburg was it an important religious center at the eastern border of the German Reich. Of 10. Century up to the reformation was Merseburg bishop seat. The diocese developed in the original area of the diocese half. It covered also Leipzig and thus parts of thetoday's Saxonia. The diocese Merseburg lay in the southern part of the today's Land of the Federal Republic Saxonia-Anhalt and was surface-moderately one of the smallest German dioceses. It nevertheless covered approximately 310 Pfarr and branch churches at the end of the Middle Ages. Merseburg was center of the high pin of the same name. In Merseburg 43 bishops resided. The pin territory became in the middle 16. Century secularizes and arrived into the possession of the cure princes of Saxonia. Still up to the beginning 18. Century existed however its own pin government in Merseburg, those the countryon behalf the cure prince administered.
The Merseburger cathedral pc. Johannes of the Täufer and Laurentius represents that high pin. The first building with the crypt begun after 1036 is over-formed by changes in the time between 1510 and 1537. For those to a large extentlost glass painting of 1280 created Charles Crodel 1947-1960 in modern updating of the medieval stylistic idiom replacement.
See also: List of the bishops of Merseburg
the first settlement is provable in the range of the today's Merseburgs. Finds from the graves that Volume - and cord ceramic(s), the Bronzezeit, the outgoing resounding place time, the Roman Kaiser era, the people migration time and the slawischen settlement traces are in the Merseburger museum.
|830/850||first mention Merseburgs in the Hersfelder tenth listing as “Mersiburg”|
|beginning 10. Century||the developmentat the Pfalz happened under Heinrich I. (around 875-936). This had married Hatheburg, the daughter of the Merseburger count Erwin, whereby the place arrived at the ascending duke house. The existing castle on the castle mountain was surrounded with solid walls, it becameAttachment plants establishes. After Heinrichs victory against the Hungary it let the Speisesaal decorate with Fresken. It settled a begnadigten heap of robber - „the Merseburger crowd “- with the castle.|
|933 - 1213||the German emperors met more than 20 timesin Merseburg, the city was realm center.|
|968||establishment of the diocese on operation of Otto I. (Son Heinrichs I.) and the Synode of Ravenna 968, after those had been finally struck Hungary in the battle on the Lechfeld with Augsburg 955. ThatDiocese was dissolved some years later again.|
|1004||reestablishment of the diocese by emperors Heinrich II.|
|1012||mention of a Benediktinerklosters|
|1015 - 1021||establishment of the cathedral by Heinrich II. (973-1024), which Merseburg of all Pfalzorten was the most popular place of residence.|
|1188||emperors Barbarossa (1122-1190) recorded a new market, the future suburb new market. It existed already a hall bridge.|
|The Middle Ages||Merseburg profited from its preferential situation as handels and Hanseatic city at the Saale Elbe boundary line.|
|1218/19||the market on the left hall bank were protected by a Stadtmauer,the cathedral liberty already fastened followed.|
|Joined||1426 Merseburg with other cities and against bischöflichen resistance of the Hanse ; this membership was confirmed last 1604.|
|1473||first printering one operated.|
|15. Jhd.||Reorganization of the three-flight leagues lock plant, of themfourth wing by the cathedral was formed, by Thilo of Trotha (1466 - 1514).|
|1485||assigned in the case of the Leipziger division Merseburg the Albertini duchy Saxonia|
of farmer wars
|the Merseburger citizen and farmer wrote 16 Merseburger article, thoseitself against the constantly new services and deliveries (taxes for water, wood, pastureland, field; further delivery of flock, penalties and. A.) arranged. At the 3. May 1525 fled bishop Adolf von Merseburg due to from unrests to Leipzig. To 8. May 1525was tried to storm the cathedral liberty. The court hearing in June led to the fact that to 10. June of 1525 four citizens and four farmers on the Merseburger market were cut back.|
|1561||after the death of the last catholic bishop sat down the reformationthrough. The Benediktinerkloster is taken to the church and partly torn off.|
|1575||from the old cathedral school came out the cathedral High School Merseburg .|
|1656 - 1738||Merseburg was connected Residenzstadt of the dukes by Saxonia Merseburg, with active building activity and cultural upswing.|
|until 1815||Merseburg was cure-Saxonian administered.|
|1815||after the Viennese congress became Merseburg the capital of the Prussian governmental district of the same name in the province Saxonia to 1945|
|1832||union of the suburbs old person castle and new market with the cathedral district and thatinternal city.|
|Connection||received 1846 Merseburg to the line resound Naumburg.|
|1935||building of a military airfield and stationing of a flier garrison. Building of the evasion channel with a Schleppzugschleuse, which should replace the air-locks Meuschau and Rischmühle, but traffic was never handed over.|
|2. World war||Merseburg was 20 times bombarded, whereby the Westfügel of the lock as well as a large part of the city center were nearly completely destroyed. The Schleppzugschleuse was damaged.|
|????||District town of the district Merseburg|
|1994||district town of the district Merseburg Querfurt (MQ)|
|1995||incorporation of Meuschau|
development of the number of inhabitants (starting from 1960 31. December):
1834 to 1933
1939 to 1984
1990 to 2004
- data source starting from 1990: Statistic national office Saxonia-Anhalt
1 29. October
2 31. August
3 03. October
partnerships between cities
Merseburg maintains partnerships between cities with
- Châtillon in France (since 1. August 1963)
- Genzano di Roma in Italy (since 16. January 1971) - see also Genzano di Roma
- Bottrop in North Rhine-Westphalia (since 10. March 1989)
of sons and daughters of the city
- Thietmar (bishop, 1009-1018) - authors of the first Merseburger chronicle
- Tiloof Trotha (bishop, 1466-1514) - reference figure of the Merseburger Rabensage
- Ernst Haeckel (biologist, pupil at the cathedral High School)
- Christian Reuter (comedy writer, pupil at the cathedral High School)
- Lucian Mueller (classical scholar, Philologe)
- Oskar Herrfurth (painter and Illustrator, 1862-1934)
- Klaus Tennstedt (conductor, 1926-1998)
- Elizabeth Schumann, (GermanUS-AmericanSopranistin, 1888-1952)
- Carl Adolph of Basedow, (physician, 1799-1854)
- walter farmer, (writer, 1904-1976)
- Maik Franz, (football player of the VfL wolf castle)
- Hugo Roye (composer, conductor and music teacher (violin), 1873-1939, geb. in once the pin Merseburgi small towns, studied Zörbig in Cologne alsothe Meisterpianistin Elly Ney together and returned 1918 to Merseburg, directors/conductors of the citizen singing association and the singing association of the Leunawerke, that former house monastery 8 to Merseburg became with city. Means restores.
the Merseburger Rabensage
bishop Thilofrom Trotha possessed golden Siegelring, a gift of his friend, the bishop von Naumburg. One morning let it it because of the open window be and noticed after short absence the loss of the ring. In its anger he accused his servant of many yearsthe theft. Although the servant protested his innocence, it let it execute. Still after reducing the head its stretched arm is to have protested its innocence. When the ring was found later in a Rabennest, left Thilo of Trotha asReminder to fall no judgement in the sudden anger in the lock yard bird farmer establish, in whom since then a Kolkrabe pays for the theft. To the constant memory the bishop led a Raben with a ring in the bill in his coat of arms. Such Rabealso today still in a cage is held, the old custom is however disputed with Tierschützern.
Web on the left of
Albersroda | Talking nonsense EDT | Bath dry mountain | Bath allium city | Barn city | Beuna (hostage valley) | Braunsbedra | Delitz to mountains | Esperstedt | Fern city | Peace village | Geusa | Günthersdorf | Horburg Masslau | Klobikau | Excrement slot | Kötzschau | Kreypau | Krumpa | Leuna | Merseburg | Milzau | Mücheln (hostage valley) | Nempitz | Nemsdorf Göhrendorf | Obhausen | Oebles Schlechtewitz | Oechlitz | Transverse ford | Rodden | Sheep city | Schkopau | Schraplau | Spergau | Steigra | Mad joke | Boiling village (ball) | Zö | Zweimen